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Edu clouded


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Edu clouded

  1. 1. NEOFELIS NEBULOSA<br />The Clouded Leopard<br />
  2. 2. Range of Habitat<br /><ul><li>Clouded Leopards are only found in parts of Asia.
  3. 3. They are found in Nepal, Southern China, Thailand, Indonesia, and Borneo.
  4. 4. Although the map shows a connected range of habitat Clouded Leopards are only found in parts of the highlighted areas.</li></li></ul><li>Environment<br /><ul><li> Clouded Leopards are typically found in dense lowland rainforests
  5. 5. They are sometimes also found in Mangrove forests and grasslands.
  6. 6. They are typically found at altitudes of about 2000 ft
  7. 7. They prefer a habitat from 65 to 120 degrees Fahrenheit</li></li></ul><li>Physical Characteristics<br /><ul><li>These leopards are called “Clouded” because of the pattern of the spots on their midsection.
  8. 8. These spots tend to be more solid around the paws, tail, and face.
  9. 9. These leopards are the smallest member of the “Big Cat” classification. </li></ul> Males Females<br />Torso Length 2.7’-3.6’ 2.25’-3’<br />Weight 40-51 lbs 33-40 lbs<br />Shoulder 9-16” 9-16”<br /> height<br />
  10. 10. Physical Characteristics Continued…<br /><ul><li>Clouded leopards have short legs
  11. 11. They have large strong paws
  12. 12. They have sharp claws
  13. 13. They have flexible ankle joints
  14. 14. Their powerful legs and paws, sharp claws and flexible ankles allow the Clouded leopard to climb down head first as needed </li></li></ul><li>Physical Characteristics <br /> Continued…<br /><ul><li>A Clouded leopard’s tail is approximately the length of it’s body from head to rear.
  15. 15. Clouded leopard’s canine teeth are proportionally the longest of any large cat.
  16. 16. Their teeth are the same size as those of a tiger even though the Clouded is much smaller
  17. 17. Their teeth suggest that they are the only cat living today with a direct lineage to the saber toothed cat. </li></ul>Saber Toothed Cat Skull<br />
  18. 18. Behavior<br /><ul><li>Clouded leopards sleep high in the canopy
  19. 19. Although they sleep in the trees they spend most of their waking hour on the ground
  20. 20. These leopards are solitary animals, and very elusive
  21. 21. Their paws and claws are so strong that the leopards are known to climb upside down, and they can even hang upside down by only their back paws.</li></li></ul><li>Behavior Continued….<br /><ul><li>It was believed that these leopards were nocturnal, but recent studies show that they are active during both day and night
  22. 22. Although they do not purr they have a wide range of vocalizations
  23. 23. They are carnivores and hunt for prey which includes birds, gibbons, squirrels, monkeys, deer, porcupines, and wild boars.
  24. 24. They attack their larger prey by an ambush attack. They do this by hanging from a tree and dropping onto the prey where they will then suffocate it.</li></li></ul><li>Endangerment<br /><ul><li>Due to their solitary nature there isn’t a known number of animals in the wild, but we do know there aren’t a lot and they are listed as endangered
  25. 25. Deforestation is the biggest threat to the leopards
  26. 26. Poaching is the second biggest threat to these leopards. They are hunted for their bones to be used in medicines, their meat, their cubs for the exotic pet trade, and for their pelts.</li></li></ul><li>Captive Raising<br /><ul><li>Many leopards are raised in captivity, in private sanctuaries, and in zoos
  27. 27. Clouded leopards are raised in captivity to help increase the populations
  28. 28. Some cubs are taken from their mothers for protection and are hand raised
  29. 29. Clouded leopards are considered “Big Cats” which means it is illegal to keep them as pets.
  30. 30. Licenses are available for people to raise big cats when they are properly trained, have an enclosure that meets specific requirements, and have qualified veterinary assistance.
  31. 31. Breeding in captivity is very rare </li></li></ul><li>Breeding<br /><ul><li> Clouded leopards reach breeding age at two years old
  32. 32. Their solitary nature causes them to attack other leopards they encounter, including possible mates, so breeding is not as common as we would like
  33. 33. Gestation is 85-93 days
  34. 34. Females give birth to litters of two to four cubs
  35. 35. Clouded leopards can give birth to one litter a year
  36. 36. Cubs are born blind and defenseless
  37. 37. The cubs spots are filled in when they are born and fade into the adult pattern around the age of six months
  38. 38. Cubs become independent at about 10 months</li></li></ul><li>Conservation<br /><ul><li>Clouded leopards are listed as endangered species
  39. 39. Only 7 leopards have ever been radio collared. They were in Thailand and Nepal
  40. 40. Trade of animals, their parts, or products made from their parts in prohibited in the United States
  41. 41. Hunting is banned in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam
  42. 42. Hunting regulations are in place in Lao
  43. 43. All of these are poorly enforced, and little is being done to help preserve these animals</li></li></ul><li>Zoos in the US that have Clouded leopard exhibits<br /><ul><li>Little Rock Zoological Gardens
  44. 44. San Diego Zoo
  45. 45. Brandywine Zoo
  46. 46. Smithsonian National Zoological Park
  47. 47. Naples Zoo at Caribbean Gardens
  48. 48. Tampa’s Lowry Park Zoo
  49. 49. Miami Metrozoo
  50. 50. Central Florida Zoological Park
  51. 51. Zoo Atlanta
  52. 52. Chicago Zoological Park
  53. 53. Mesker Park Zoo
  54. 54. Alexandria Zoological Park
  55. 55. Audubon Center for Research of Endangered Species
  56. 56. Minnesota Zoological Garden
  57. 57. Jackson Zoological Park</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Omaha's Henry DoorlyZoo
  58. 58. Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
  59. 59. Cleveland MetroparksZoo
  60. 60. Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
  61. 61. Philadelphia Zoological Garden
  62. 62. Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
  63. 63. Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
  64. 64. The Houston Zoo
  65. 65. Ellen Trout Zoo
  66. 66. San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarium
  67. 67. Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
  68. 68. Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
  69. 69. Toronto Zoo</li></ul>Zoos Continued… <br />
  70. 70. References<br /><br /> searched “clouded leopard” pictures on slides 1,2,5,6,7,8,9,12,13,14<br /><br /> searched “Southeast Asia forest” picture on slide 3<br /><br /> searched “deforestation” picture on slide 9<br /><br /> searched “Saber toothed cat”<br /><br /> picture on slide 4<br />Burnie, D., Wilson, D. (2001). The Smithsonian Institute. Animal, the definitive visual guide to the worlds wild life. U.S.: Dk publishing.<br />Christiansen, Per. (2008) "Evolutionary changes in craniomandibular shape in the great cats (Neofelis Griffith and PantheraOken)." Biological Journal of theLinneanSociety, 95.4 766+<br />Clouded leopard project, 2003-2008. About the Clouded Leopard, retrieved February 13th2010, from<br />Clouded Leopards, retrieved February 13th 2010, from what_we_do/endangered_species/clouded_leopard/<br />Meiri, Shai, and Georgina M. Mace. (2007) "New taxonomy and the origin of species." PI o S Biology, 5.7 1385+<br />