The UT Institute for Nuclear Security Howard L. HallPanel on Bridging the Gap Between Technology and Policy in Education and Training American Nuclear Society Summer Meeting June 27, 2012 – Chicago, IL, USA
Nuclear security covers broad areasNuclear Security…The totality of activities undertaken to ensure that: The beneficial applications of nuclear/radiological materials and devices are not diverted to illicit or malicious purposes. Arms control priorities can be achieved through support and development of technologies for declaratory policy verification. Nuclear weapons and related technology are appropriately controlled and monitored, and weapons-usable materials can be accounted for and secured. Advances are made toward meeting other goals and objectives (such as for nuclear weapons safety, threat interdiction, render safe, and forensics) that mitigate threats, increase proliferation resistance, and support deterrence. Consequences of radiological or nuclear incidents, including attacks, are mitigated or minimized.
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The central questions How do we assure that radiological material and/or nuclear technology is where it is supposed to be, being used for its intended purpose, and properly protected? How do we detect things outside the bounds of appropriate use? How do we effectively deal with bad events? How do we objectively assess what we do know and what we think we know?
Academia’s role in nuclearsecurity Academia is a critical underpinning needed to sustain our abilities and meet the needs of the future An effective nuclear security framework requires: – Scientific and technical disciplines – Medical and health sciences, social sciences, humanities, and business – Policy, law, and diplomacy – Civilian, military, intelligence, and NGO engagement
UT established the Institute forNuclear Security in 2012 The Institute for Nuclear Security will promote collaboration to conduct multi-organizational, multidisciplinary work critical to national and global needs in nuclear security.
Objectives of the Institute Develop new educational/training programs to meet global needs in nuclear security Shape the avenues of diplomacy, law, and public policy for achieving global nuclear security objectives Foster interdisciplinary R&D for nuclear security applications Foster excellence in intelligence and operational capabilities for global nuclear security Solve real-world challenges in nuclear security
Affiliated UT faculty Nuclear Engineering Physics and Astronomy – Howard Hall – Robert Grzywacz – Lee Dodds – Yuri Kamyshkov – Martin Grossbeck – Tom Hamblin – Jason Hayward Political Science – Lawrence Heilbronn – Brandon Prins – Ivan Maldonado The Baker Center – Laurence Miller – Carl Pierce – Belle Upadhyaya – Matt Murray – Brian Wirth – Steve Skutnik (starts Materials Science and 8/1/2012) Engineering – Kurt Sickafus
Overview of the UT program Historical ties between UT and DOE/NNSA facilities in Tennessee UT-ORNL M&O relationship UT nuclear security thrust began around 2008 in Nuclear Engineering – Teaching, research, and service – Internships and experiential opportunities – Re-entry/career development education – Leverage the Baker Center (Public Policy)
Teaching Faculty expansion/ UG curriculum engagement development Graduate curriculum – Political Science development – Nuclear Engineering – Nuclear Engineering – Others – Physics Graduate certificate – Political Science programs – Chemistry – Nuclear Engineering – Political Science
Growing nuclear security education Adjunct Faculty/ Access to unique Lecturers federal capabilities in – Dr. Brian Anderson the region – Dr. Alan Icenhour – ORNL – Dr. Graham V. Walford • Safeguards Lab – Mr. Dyrk Greenhalgh • HFIR • Portal Monitor Lab New joint faculty – Y-12 agreement with Y-12 • SNM testbed starting up • Vulnerability Assessment New NE faculty hire lab (August 2012)
The UTNE Nuclear SecurityCertificate in Nuclear Engineering Established in 2009, currently part of our Master’s degree track Earned by taking 4 out of the following 6 courses: • NE 530 (Nuclear Security Science and Analysis) • NE 404 (Nuclear Fuel Cycle) • NE 433 (Health physics) or NE 470 (Nuclear Reactor Theory I) • NE 550 (Radiation Measurements Laboratory) • NE 532 (Advanced Topics in Nuclear Security Science and Analysis) • Political Science 688 (Seminar on Arms, Arms Control, and Nuclear Non-proliferation) Will be tweaked this year because of new courses available and UT credit policy issues
Internships and experientiallearning Actively engaging Increased interaction students with ORNL between student and Y-12 research groups and interests practitioners Coordinating UG, Actively pursuing Summer, and GRA extramural experiences opportunities – E.g., NGFP, NNIS, NFGF fellowships – Baker Fellows
Linkage with other major UTthrusts Bredersen Center for Baker Center Interdisciplinary UT/Y-12 strategic Graduate Research and partnership Education (CIRE) Top 25 Initiative – Embraced nuclear security faculty – 3 of 17 inaugural class involved in nuclear security – Extraordinary leverage
Service Baker Center Global International engagement Security Program -- – Spreading the “3S” culture Outreach through academe – Distinguished lecturers – Supporting “new entrant” – Topical public meetings nations developing and panels academic programs – Community engagement Outreach and engagement – Preplanned spontaneity with the NGO community for informal collaboration opportunities
Collaborations are increasing Partnerships forged Partnerships beyond with regional ORNL and Y-12 too universities – LANL – Joint proposals/projects – ORAU – UNC/NCSU/TISS – SafeSkies colloquia – Roane State and Pellissippi – NCSU nuclear State Technical CC’s engineering class on – FBI Knoxville nuclear security – Knox County Schools
Collaborations with ORNL and Y-12 aregetting broader and deeper ORNL Y-12 – New nuclear – Physical security for forensics facility and threat reduction related work – Nuclear materials – Numerous controls robustness nonproliferation vis-à-vis radiological projects materials – Expanding joint faculty assignments and adjuncts – Physical security modeling and simulation class
Selected highlights The Baker Center has embraced global security as one of its two principal thrusts • Nuclear security is the core theme right now • Expands our public outreach • Brings notable figures in for engagement • Serves as a trusted agent for building collaborations
Hands-on learning at ORNL andY-12 Undergraduate and graduate radiation measurements classes in the ORNL Safeguards Lab NE-530 Red/Blue exercise is table- topped at Y-12 National Security Complex Collaborative education and graduate research training with ORNL and Y-12 continues to grow
New Political Science DepartmentMPPA “Global Security” track INS, Political Science, and the Baker Center are collaborating on this new academic degree program Available Fall 2012
New coursework Spring 2012 – Arms control treaties and negotiation (3 SCH, Political Sciecne) – Physical Security for Nuclear Facilities (3 SCH, Nuclear Engineering) – Nuclear Security and Non-proliferation (3SCH, NCSU Nuclear Engineering) Summer 2012 – Radiochemistry (3 SCH, Chemistry) Fall 2012 – Freshman Seminar on Global Zero – Challenges and Opportunities (1 SCH, UT Honors Program) Spring 2013 – Vulnerability Assessment and Modeling (3SCH, Nuclear Engineering) In planning phases – Principals of Export Control for Nuclear Technology – Human Reliability Issues in Nuclear Systems – Nuclear Forensics – Principals of Nuclear Emergency Response and Recovery
Next steps for the INS Continue strategy of building our indigenous capabilities while fostering strong partnerships across the community of interest – We need to engage TVA and others in commercial nuclear Continue to build our academic programs Address facilities needs as resources permit Strengthen our international portfolio and student opportunities Increase efforts on developing collaborative projects both nationally and internationally