HOW TO DESIGN AN EFFECTIVE CV
What is a CV ?
What is a Resume’ ?
What do CVs and Resume’ include ?
CV or Resume’ ?
Tips on effective CV writing
Various CV and Resume’ formats
WHAT IS A CV ?
CV or curriculum vitae is a marketing tool
Latin word for "course of life", "life-track", or
It is a summary of your main experiences on paper.
It is retrospective in the way that it only lists things
of your past life
WHAT IS A RESUME ?
Résumé" is synonymous with "summary", not a
summary of your life but a single paper summary
of your total job application (what you want from
the job and why just you should have it).
The emphasis on a résumé is on your career
objective. The experience you list on a résumé
should be relevant and supportive of your goal.
WHAT DO CVs AND RESUME’ INCLUDE ?
An accurate summary of
Goals for the future
It should flow naturally and
be easy to read
Your Life History
Your Job History
Job descriptions for all
Educational transcripts and
attended since high school.
CV or RESUME ? 1
The main difference between a CV and a Resume’ is
Resume’ should be a teaser, the hook, to pass on the
For young graduates better Resume
The Resume’ instead of experience highlight your
match to the job in terms of skills and personality
CV does not consider the future as a résumé does.
CV or RESUME ? 2
Your Marital Status and Date of Birth are not needed
in a Resume’
Write a two line CV Objective under your personal
Do you have what it takes to do the job? A list of
skills for positions like programmers and engineers
are essential to show which field you are most
qualified or experienced in.
In a Resume’ provide as much information as
concisely as possible
Send a CV without cover letter (some countries
Change the cover letter and send the same CV to
Show you are overqualified
Explain gaps and hiccups
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 1
Use cover letter as gateway
Explain why you want the job (especially if
The CV should be accurate and correct
Your contact information should be clearly visible
on the first page of the CV
Your CV should be typed in an easy-to-follow
format, i.e. the headlines should be indented and
highlighted so as to catch the attention of the
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 2
Give two unrelated references
Do not forget to write your areas of personal
interest, such as hobbies
Your qualifications should be presented clearly and
All info should be listed in a bullet point format
Follow the standard format of the country or
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 3
Be as much to-the-point as possible (6 sec. the
time an employer decide if to take your CV in
Ask for a colleague/friend for feedback (10
Research for the company, job description
In USA employer scan a CV for less than thirty
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR JAPAN
Expatriate may submit a standard two-page form
in Japanese + cover letter.
Or a two-page American-style resume and cover
letter in English.
American-style resumes should contain your name
and contact information centered at the top.
You need not list job accomplishments on the
resume; you will discuss them at the interview.
The CV requires a photo to be attached.
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR UK
Always include a cover letter
Address your cover letter to a specific person
In the UK, a resume is sometimes called a CV
Include a 'profile' section in your resume
Include 'References are available on request' at the
end of your resume
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR FRANCE
Cover letters are generally hand written
A photograph is attached to the resume
Maximum resume length is 2 pages
Personal information is optional (Ex: birth date,
Include fluency in other languages
Include other important sections such as education,
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR CANADA
Canadians use resumes instead of CVs and prefer
The application process is much more commercial
and as most employers will read resumes on the
computer the resume should fit a specific template
Bullet point words such as contributed, managed,
organized, developed etc. at the start of a sentence
for maximum impact.
INTERNATIONAL CV/RESUME FORMAT
Generally you would need to include more personal
details such as citizenship, your date and place of birth
and marital status.
Use real/actual rather than active verbs.
Use good language skills and good prose (avoid
Use a qualified translator.
Use at least a two check system where a translators work
is proof read as well.
Remember that some languages, such as French and
Spanish, have different variations within the language.
Be sure your resume is written in the intended variant.
CV STYLE 1
Focuses on particular objective and specific
industry or company. Highlights skills,
qualifications and experience that match the
requirements of the advertised position.
Is used when sending your CV to: Various
recruiters, when you do not have a specific job
objective. is a more general overview of your skills,
achievements and qualifications.
CV STYLE 2
most commonly in reverse chronological order.
is usually two pages in length and covers your entire
career history. It focuses on your skills, abilities and
expertise. It is important that the skills you detail are
relevant to the position you are applying for.
used by job hunters who have a solid background
associated with their career objectives. Combines
chronological and functional CV.
Every six months you need to update your
CV with the latest information
Every time you apply for a new job, you need
to re-write the CV which should be totally
tailor-made to the job you are applying for.
Look at it from your employers point of view