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  1. 1. Visual Impairment and Blindness
  2. 2. Eye Conditions <ul><li>Macular Degeneration - Age related Macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal degenerate disease that causes a progressive loss of central vision. Most common cause of vision loss of people over the age of 55. </li></ul><ul><li>Rentisis Pigmentosa - Photo receptor cells gradually die. An inherited disease. Appears in childhood and adolescence. </li></ul><ul><li>Stargardt Disease - Juvenile form of Macular Degeneration. Death of photoreceptor cells in the central portion of the retina called the macular. </li></ul><ul><li>Usher Syndrome - an inherited condition characterized by hearing impairment and progressive vision loss. Balance is sometimes also affected. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Blindness <ul><li>Some or no vision at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Some legally blind people can still see. </li></ul><ul><li>Blindness can be inherited or genetic. </li></ul><ul><li>Blindness can also occur from an accident. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain diseases can also lead to blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Vision tests can be given to an infant to check for visual impariment or blindness. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Learning <ul><li>An infant who is blind can still develop normally. </li></ul><ul><li>There are learning programs designed for children with visual impairments where they make the most of the other 4 senses. </li></ul><ul><li>Children will learn to read Braille </li></ul><ul><li>Different devices can be used to read out loud what the child needs to study. i.e. Dynovox, Kurzweil </li></ul><ul><li>Kurzweil Educational Systems. Scans text documents onto a computer where the computer will read out loud everything that is on the page. </li></ul><ul><li>Sight and therapy dogs can be assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>There are schools for the blind. </li></ul><ul><li>Schooling for blind children go from ages 3-21 but some can go further </li></ul>
  5. 5. School for the blind <ul><li>Video </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Seeing Eye <ul><li>The oldest existing eye dog school in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Classes are offered to the blind or visually impaired to learn how to travel with a Seeing Eye dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to increase the independence and dignity of people who are blind. To educate the public about the use of guide dogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Morristown NJ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Treatments <ul><li>Eye exams are the best way to detect a visual impairment. </li></ul><ul><li>Different treatments and clinical trials are going on for all types of visual impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics or corrective glasses can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgeries are available as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy, Vision aids, and Orientation and Mobility training. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cures <ul><li>There are many different surgeries to help with different visual impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Full sight may not come back but partial sight. </li></ul><ul><li>Special glasses and contact lenses can sometimes be a big help. </li></ul><ul><li>Recent studies have linked stem cell contacts to reversing blindness. </li></ul><ul><li>Some damage is so great it can never be reversed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Information sources </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures- </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>