Chapter 6 notes and figuresThe police organization 1. Police officer 2. Detective specialist 3. Detective investigator 4. Sergeant ( symbol of rank: 3 chevrons) 5. Lieutenant ( symbol of rank: 1 gold bar ) 6. Captain ( symbol of rank: 2 gold bars ) 7. Deputy inspector ( symbol of rank: gold oak leaf ) 8. Inspector ( symbol of rank: gold eagle ) 9. Deputy chief ( symbol of rank: 1 gold star ) 10. Assistant chief ( symbol of rank: 2 gold stars ) 11. Bureau chief ( symbol of rank: 3 gold stars ) 12. Chief of department ( symbol of rank: 4 gold stars ) 13. Deputy commissioner ( symbol of rank: 3 gold stars ) 14. First deputy commissioner ( symbol of rank: 4 gold stars ) 15. Police commissioner ( symbol of rank: 5 gold stars )Figure 6.1 organization of a traditional metropolitan police of departmentCivilian advisory board ( pink )Chief of police assistant chief ( pink )Planning and research crime mapping program evaluation ( pink )Personnel affirmative action officer recruitment and promotion ( green )Internal affairs trial board ( green )Equipment ( light blue ) 1. Repairs 2. Station,grounds 3. Uniforms 4. Squad cars 5. ComputersChief clerk ( light blue ) 1. Payroll 2. Property 3. Supplies 4. Purchasing
5. Printing 6. Statistics 7. Budget and financeSpecial services ( light blue ) 1. Ambulance 2. Records,communications 3. Morgue 4. Radio 5. Psychologist 6. Computer programmer 7. Court liaison 8. LockupTraining ( light blue ) 1. Academy 2. In-service training 3. Pistol range 4. Physical fitness 5. Stress-control programVice 1. Gambling 2. Liquor 3. Prostitution 4. ObscenityDetectives 1. Bunko ( checks,fraud ) 2. Homicide 3. Robbery 4. Sex 5. Fugitives 6. Autos 7. NarcoticsPatrol 1. 1st district 2. 2nd district 3. 3rd district
4. 4th district 5. Foot patrol 6. Canine corps 7. Swat ( special weapons and tactics )Community police unit 1. Neighborhood newsletter 2. Ministrations – station 1 station 2 station 3 3. Community coordinating council liaisonTraffic 1. Control 2. Accidents 3. Public vehicles 4. Violator’s schoolPrevention 1. Community relations 2. Athletic league 3. Project dare 4. Officer friendlyJuveniles 1. Detectives 2. Juvenile court prosecutor 3. School liaison 4. Gang control unitFigure 6.2 police encounters with citizens each yearU.S resident population age 16 or older 209,350,600 ( pink )Experienced a contract with police 43.827,400 ( purple )Drivers in a motor vehicle stop 19,300,000 ( orange )Use-of-force encounter resulted 139,300 ( orange )All other contacts 24,527,400 ( green )Use-of-force encounter resulted 282,400 ( green )Exhibit 6.1 investigate functions
Specific focusSpecific witnesses – neighborhood canvas – cell phone recordsSpecific evidence – friends,family,and associates – computer hard drivesSpecific events – coworkers - other recordsSpecific facts – victim suspects time lines – private papersFigure 6.3 – the intelligence process 1. Planning and direction 2. Collection 3. Processing/collation 4. Analysis 5. Dissemination 6. ReevaluationChapter 6 key terms 1. Time-in-rank system pg. 204 – the promotion system in which a police officer can advance in rank only after spending a prescribed amount of time in the preceding rank. 2. Beats pg. 207 –designated police patrol areas. 3. Order maintenance ( peacekeeping ) pg. 209 – maintaining order and authority without the need for formal arrest ( handling the situation ) keeping things under control by means of threats , persuasion , and understanding. 4. Proactive policing pg. 211 – an aggressive law enforcement style in which patrol officers take the initiative against crime instead of waiting for criminal acts to occur. For example they stop motor vehicles to issue citations and aggressively arrest and detain suspicious persons. 5. Broken windows model pg 212 – the role of the police as maintainers of community order and safety. 6. Procedural justice pg. 213 – a concern with making decisions that are arrived at through procedures viewed as fair. 7. Vice squads pg. 216 – police units assigned to enforce morality-based laws , such as those addresses prostitution gambling and pornography. 8. Sting operation pg. 218 – organized groups of detectives who deceive criminals into openly committing illegal acts or conspiring to engage in criminal activity. 9. Community-oriented policing pg. 223 – programs designed to bring police and public closer together and create a more cooperative environment between them. 10. Foot-patrol pg. 224 police patrol that takes officers out of cars and puts them on a walking beat to strengthen ties with the community. 11. Problem-oriented policing pg. 225 – a style of police management that stresses proactive problem solving instead of reactive crime fighting.
12. Hot spots of crime pg. 226 – the relatively few locations – bars malls the bus depot hotels and certain apartment buildings from which a significant portion of police calls typically originate in metropolitan areas.13. Gang tactical detail pg. 226 – a police unit created to combat neighborhood gang problems by targeting known offenders who have shown a propensity toward gang violence or criminal activity.14. Displacement pg. 227 –an effect that occurs when criminals move from an area targeted for increased police presence to another that is less well protected.15. Intelligence-led policing pg. 227 – the collection and analysis of information to generate an intelligence end product designed to inform police decision making at both the tactical and the strategic level.16. Tactical intelligence pg. 230 – gaining or developing information related to threats of terrorism or crime and using this information to apprehend offenders harden targets and use strategies that will eliminate or mitigate the threat.17. Strategic intelligence pg. 230 – information about the changing nature of certain problems and threats for the purposes of developing response strategies and reallocating resources.18. National criminal intelligence sharing plan pg. 231 – a formal intelligence-sharing initiative that identifies the security and intelligence sharing needs recognized in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.19. Fusion center pg. 231 – a mechanism to exchange information and intelligence maximize resources streamline operations and improve the ability to fight crime and terrorism by analyzing data from a variety of sources.20. Internal affairs pg. 232 – the police unit that investigates allegations of police misconduct.21. Police productivity pg. 233 – the amount of order maintenance crime control and other law enforcement activities provided by individual police officers and concomitantly by police departments as a whole.