Albanian traditions in english short version


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Albanian traditions in english short version

  1. 1. ALBANIAN TRADITIONSFolklore Folk-musicAlbania has a rich history of folklore and Folk songs and dances have markedmusic dating back to Illyrian times. Songs significant events in Albanian daily lifefeature elaborate dances and instrumental since antiquity. Songs and accompanyingworks in which you can glimpse the vibrant dances are performed at events rangingspirit of the Albanian people. from weddings to funerals. TheseAlbanian folklore is a diverse, artistic performances vary by region, but areexpression which is handed down from an important aspect of cultural identitygeneration to generation. It is a historical throughout the country.narrative of sorts and continues to be Throughout the centuries, there havemodified to reflect recent history. There been several famous Albanian musicians,are literary, musical, theatrical and dance including medieval composer and singeraspects to this continually evolving John Kukuzelis, who is responsible forart form. Storytelling is integral to this reforming all types of church music.expression and takes the form of poetry,legends, tales, anecdotes, proverbs and Albanian folk music is comprised of threefolk sayings. Scores of volumes have been distinct styles:published over the years and are dedicatedto preserving all aspects of this culturalphenomenon. The diatonic music of the north is characterized by solo male singers. Instrumentation consists of the çiftelia, lahuta, and gajde. The sound produced is reminiscent of Celtic music. Polyphonic or pentatonic music is traditional in the south. It is usually sung a capella, or with no instrumentation and the sound is enhanced by multiple singers. This style of singing usually recounts epic tales or historical events. Urban folk music, or “muzika popullore qytetare,” encompasses a variety of styles and is more popular in the less traditional urban areas. Accompaniment ranges from a single instrument to a small orchestra.50
  2. 2. ALBANIAN TRADITIONSNational Festival of Folklore National Festival of RhapsodistsThis is the largest, most significant folklore and Folk Instrument Players-Lezhafestival occurring anywhere in Albania. This festival, held in Lezha, showcasesIt is held at Gjirokastra Castle every four rhapsodists from Northern Albania. It isyears. All regions and varieties of Albanian the only event that is wholly dedicated tofolklore are represented. Albanians travel rhapsodists and bards who enthusiasticallyfrom countries all over the world, including interpret their songs with instruments suchKosovo, Montenegro, Turkey, the United as lahuta, çifteli, and sharki.States and Greece to participate in thisevent. International guests also showcase National Festival of Urban Folkexamples of folklore from their country Songs- Elbasanof origin. This traditional festival showcases urban folk songs and is held on the first day ofNational Typology Festival of Saze summer.and Folk Orchestras-KorçaSaze (Albanian traditional clarinet) music National Typological Festivalis celebrated at this festival. Music of this of Iso-Polyphony-Vloravariety is played throughout southern The National Typological Festival of Iso-Albania, specifically in urban centers such Polyphony celebrates this unique subsetas Korça, Vlora, Pogradec, Përmet, Berat, of Albanian folk music. The immenseand Leskovik. significance of this style of folk singing is highlighted by UNESCO’s declaration of Albanian Iso-Polyphony as a “Masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity.” 51
  3. 3. ALBANIAN TRADITIONSNational Festival of Folk Folklore FestivalInstruments- Gjirokastra “Sofra Dardane”-TropojaThis multicultural festival is held in This festival seeks to preserve folkloreGjirokastra and features both folk music and provide enrichment through folkloreand the musical instruments used to performances. It is held in Tropoja andaccompany folk singers. specifically features Northern Albanian and Kosovar folklore and ethnographyInternational Festival“Multicultural Përmet”-Përmet Festival “Oda Dibrane”-PeshkopiThis is a festival of ethnic, cultural and Oda Dibrane is a relatively new style oflinguistic minorities in Albania. It is song and dance, first performed in 1994.sponsored by CIOFF, an international It is humorous and popular, and hasorganization that promotes folklore inspired this festival in Peshkopi.performances and the preservation offolklore worldwide.52
  4. 4. Traditional “logu” dance