Alcoholism powerpoint


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Alcoholism powerpoint

  1. 1. Alcohol Abuse and theDisease known as Alcoholism By: Stacy 1
  2. 2. • Before you can look for a solution to a problem, I believe that you first must understand as much as you possibly can about a problem. 2
  3. 3. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)Chart (Pauza, 2009).The BAC Chart takes into account such things as gender, weight, and physical condition to help determine the amount of alcohol in a person’s system. 3
  4. 4. Definitions of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse1. Alcoholism is known to be a chronic disease in which a personand the person’s body are dependent on alcohol. Person sufferingfrom alcoholism will have a hard time keeping their drinking undercontrol be that person be a male or female. An alcoholic is unable tocontrol how much, how long , or when they will drink. Any personsuffering from alcoholism will continue to drink even if it is affectingrelationships with others in their lives or if its keeping them fromperforming efficiently.2. Alcohol abuse has many similarities to alcoholism, but the personmay not suffer from all of the symptoms that would be found in aperson suffering from alcoholism. One huge difference that helpsdistinguish the two is that a person who suffers from alcohol abusedoes not depend on the use of alcohol (Mayo Clinic staff, 2012). 4
  5. 5. Side Effects• There are plenty of downsides to drinking, especially if a person becomes dependent on alcohol. Here is a list of some of the resulting side effects of drinking.1. Hangovers: A good way to explain a hang over would be some time after a session of heavy drinking, the person who consumed the alcohol will be pain ranging from stomach pain to head aches.2. Weight gain: Even though many think that this is not an issue with drinking, but alcohol is not empty calories. In fact a beer has around a 150 calories in it.3. Depressed Immune system: when a person suffers from alcoholism or alcohol abuse they are more likely to contract a viral illness if their immune system has been impaired.4. Cancer: This is another fact many people do not know about, that around 2-4% of all cases of cancer are related back to alcohol. Cancer of the upper digestive tract is the most common. 5
  6. 6. More Side effects5. Alcohol Poisoning: If a person goes about consuming a toxic amount of alcohol, then that same alcohol will poison their body. When someone is suffering from alcohol poising then they should be taken somewhere they can receive immediate medical attention.6. Liver Disease : After drinking heavily for a long period of tie throughout someones life can bring about fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. 7. Heart or Respiratory failure: I think the title of this ailment speaks for itself.Of course there are many more ailments that come from alcohol use be it short term or long term use of it (UNC, n.d.). It would just take a lot more slides. 6
  7. 7. Withdrawals From Alcohol• If a person is suffering from alcohol withdrawals then that person will go through several stages of symptoms before their system would be clean from any substance. The first stage would be the tremulous stage. The person will exhibit uncontrollable shakes throughout their body. This is often accompanied by restlessness and anxiety. Seizures are usually the next stage of withdrawals from alcohol. It is known that seizures can be brought on by drinking too much or drinking too fast, but they can also be brought on by ceasing or reducing alcohol consumption after a prolonged period of heavy drinking (Cunha & Dryden-Edwards, 2012). 7
  8. 8. Withdrawals Continued The most likely next stage that often follow that of the first two stages is that the person will suffer from hallucinations. Visual hallucinations being the most common of a person withdrawing from alcohol use, but people suffering from withdrawals have also been know to have auditory hallucinations can also occur. Yet probably the most dangerous of all the stages that come with withdrawals from alcohol is called delirium tremens or the DT’s. “About 5% of people withdrawing from alcohol experience DTs. This condition usually occurs within 72 hours after drinking stops but can occur up to seven to 10 days later. The hallmark of this stage is profound delirium (confusion). People are awake but thoroughly confused. This is accompanied by agitation, delusions, sweating, hallucinations, rapid heart rate, and high blood pressure” (Cunha & Dryden-Edwards, 2012). 8
  9. 9. Alcoholic Anonymous• Luckily for those suffering from these two illnesses, there are groups that are willing to help anyone who really wants to get away from the grips of alcoholism. The biggest of these groups and most wide spread presence would be Alcoholic Anonymous also known as A.A.• A short history of the groups should be given so that more can be known about them then just their name. Alcoholic Anonymous would get the igniting spark it needed to come into existence in 1935 in Akron, Ohio from the meeting between Bill W. (who worked as a New York Stockbroker) and Dr. Bob S. who was a surgeon in Akron. Both of them had been alcoholics and before they met had prior involvement with the Oxford Group, which was a non-alcoholic fellowship that emphasized universal spiritual values in daily living. They both jumped into action by working at the Akron city hospital. A second group of alcoholics would slowly take shape in New York and then a third would appear in Cleveland in 1939, and in early 1939, the fellowship would publish its basic text book that laid down the twelve steps to recovery that would become a stamp in the organization’s history. “By 1950, 100,000 recovered alcoholics could be found worldwide (Alcoholics Anonymous World Services Inc., 2012). 9
  10. 10. Alcoholic Anonymous Continued• Corresponding with and lending help in whatever way they could for thousands of groups about their problems became the number one occupation of the New York headquarters. “By 1946, however, it had already become possible to draw sound conclusions about the kinds of attitude, practice and function that would best suit A.A.’s purpose. Those principles, which had emerged from strenuous group experience, were codified by Bill in what are today the Twelve Traditions of Alcoholics Anonymous. By 1950, the earlier chaos had largely disappeared. A successful formula for A.A. unity and functioning had been achieved and put into practice” (Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 2012). 10
  11. 11. A.A. Requirements and Guidelines• Alcoholic Anonymous unfortunately does have a list of set requirements that a person must follow. One being that you must have the desire to want to quit be it alcohol or any other addiction such as drugs. Another is that there are no dues to be paid since the organization is funded through contributions. It should also be noted that even though the name of the organization does specifically say Alcoholics Anonymous the organization recognizes many other addictions including any kind of narcotics. Bill W. a co-founder of Alcoholic anonymous commented on drug addiction by saying “perhaps there is no suffering more horrible than drug addiction, especially that kind which is produced by morphine, heroin, and other narcotics. Such drugs twist the mind, and the awful process of withdrawal racks the sufferer’s body, compared with the addict and his woes, we alcoholics are pikers” (The A.A. Grapevine, Inc., n.d.). 11
  12. 12. A.A. in the Media• In the way of media A.A. has evolved with the times. They release plenty of information on the net through the use of their website. They put out commercials talking about alcohol and how they are willing to help.• You can view these commercials through this link to their website 12
  13. 13. ReferencesAlcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. Historical Data: The Birth of A.A its growth in U.S./Canada. Last updated 2012. Retrieved February 14,2013.Anonymous. Welcome to Alcoholics Anonymous. No date last updated. Retrieved February14,2013.Cunha, John P. & Dryden-Edwards, Roxanne. When to Seek Medical Last updated 2012. Retrieved February 14,2013.Mayo Clinic Staff. Alcoholism. Last updated on May 24, 2012. Retrieved February14,2013.Pauza, Jayia. Beer belly be gone. Last updated June 20, 2009. Retrieved February14,2013.The A.A. Grapevine, Inc. Problems other Than Alcohol. No date last updated. Retrieved February 14,2013.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. On Your Health. No date Last updated. Retrieved February 14,2013. 13