Chicago Chemists

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This is a presentation I gave to the Chicago Chemists Society a few years back related to world energy consumption - dated but still interesting...

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Chicago Chemists

  1. 1. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE George F. Hamstra
  2. 2. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE
  3. 3. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE WORLD CAR POPULATION United States Rest of World 100000000 200000000 300000000 400000000 500000000 600000000 700000000 800000000 900000000 Vehicles <ul><li>Developing World - 300% Increase Between 1995 & 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Demand & Less Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated Greenhouse Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Environment & Energy Trends = Negative Economic Impacts </li></ul>1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Year
  4. 4. CO2 EMISSIONS U.S. CO 2 Emissions 1997 Global Carbon Emissions 1820 to 2020 Projection History 2020 1980 1940 1900 1860 1820
  5. 5. WHAT’S WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? World Population Oil Production
  6. 6. WHAT’S WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE?
  7. 7. WHAT’S WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE?
  8. 8. WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES -700 -600 -500 -400 -300 -200 -100 0 100 200 United States Canada Mexico, Central America, & South America Western Europe Middle East Eastern Europe, Former U.S.S.R., China Other Eastern Hemisphere Oil Recovered Since 1859 & Total Remaining as of 1990 Barrels (in B’s) Total Remaining Total Recovered
  9. 9. WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES
  10. 10. THE ACTUAL COST OF OIL Environmental Damage Agricultural Losses Increased Health Care Expenses Higher Insurance Premiums U.S. Military Expenses for Protecting Middle East Oil Supplies $45/Barrel $15/Barrel $9/Barrel Price of a Barrel of Crude Oil (avg. since 1940) *Prices do not include transportation, processing, refining, distribution, marketing, and profits, etc.
  11. 11. THE ACTUAL COST OF OIL $45/Barrel $15/Barrel $9/Barrel
  12. 12. WHERE ARE WE AT?
  13. 13. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont)
  14. 14. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont)
  15. 15. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont)
  16. 16. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont)
  17. 17. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont) <ul><ul><li>Oil provides 40% of U.S. total energy consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. uses 26% of worlds total energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic production peaked in 1970 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby Boomers (post WWII) have consumed 70% of the total U.S. oil in one generation! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. WHERE ARE WE AT? (cont)
  19. 19. The Small Picture
  20. 20. The Bigger Picture
  21. 21. The Big Picture
  22. 22. Reality!
  23. 23. Reality!
  24. 24. WHERE ARE WE GOING?
  25. 25. Fuel Cells
  26. 26. Hope For The Future
  27. 27. Hope For The Future
  28. 28. HOW WILL WE GET THERE?
  29. 29. HOW WILL WE GET THERE?
  30. 30. HOW WILL WE GET THERE?
  31. 31. Thank You! George F. Hamstra [email_address]

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