Permaculture Design


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This presentation is used to guide students through the ethics and principles of permaculture design.

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Permaculture Design

  1. 1. Demonstrate knowledge of permaculture and plan a site Hortykim Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  2. 2. What is permaculture? Permaculture is a method of design that can be applied to home, garden, workplace and cities in such a way as to provide for our basic needs with minimum damage to the environment. Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  3. 3. What is permaculture? “ Permaculture is based on the observation of natural systems, the wisdom contained in traditional farming systems, and modern scientific and technological knowledge. Although based on good ecological models, permaculture creates a cultivated ecology, which is designed to produce more human and animal food than is generally found in nature." from Introduction to Permaculture by Bill Mollison. Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  4. 4. Permaculture quotes "What permaculturists are doing is the most important activity that any group is doing on the planet. We don't know what details of a truly sustainable future are going to be like, but we need options, we need people experimenting in all kinds of ways and permaculturists are one of the critical gangs that are doing that." Dr. David Suzuki, geneticist, broadcaster and international environmental advocate Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  5. 5. Permaculture quotes “ Permaculture is revolution disguised as organic gardening” from Permaculture – A Beginners Guide by Graham Burnett Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  6. 6. Permaculture quotes “ It is our collective responsibility to protect and nurture the global family, to support its weaker members and to preserve and tend to the environment in which we all live.” Dalai Lama Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  7. 7. Permaculture quotes “ Permaculture is defined as consciously designed landscapes which mimic the patterns and relationships found in nature, while yielding an abundance of food, fibre and energy for the provision of local needs…more precisely I see permaculture as the use of systems, thinking and design principles that provide the organising framework for implementing the above vision.” from Pathways to Sustainability by David Holmgren Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  8. 8. Permaculture quotes “ Observe nature thoroughly rather than labour thoughtlessly.’ from One Straw Revolution by Masanoby Fukuoka Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  9. 9. Permaculture quotes “ Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted & thoughtful observation, rather than protracted & thoughtless labour; & of looking at plants & animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single-product system.” Bill Mollison Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  10. 10. Permaculture ethics <ul><li>The backbone of permaculture design is supported by the following ethics: </li></ul><ul><li>Earthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Peoplecare </li></ul><ul><li>Fairshare </li></ul><ul><li>These ethics are a constant reference point whether you are planning a herb garden or a township. </li></ul>Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  11. 11. Permaculture ethics - Earthcare This first core value relates to the belief that the earth is the source of life. Some people even think the earth --- its living and non-living inhabitants ---functions as a self- regulating organism. (Check out the Gaia hypothesis for more details on this theory.) Regardless, we have a duty of care to the earth and the right to live but value all of its finite resources. Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  12. 12. Permaculture ethics - Earthcare What things can you think of when it comes to considerations that would relate to caring for the earth? Eg.The importance of clean air and water. Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  13. 13. Permaculture ethics - Earthcare <ul><li>Conservation of biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Clean air and water </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration and conservation of forests, habitats and soils </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling and pollution reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of energy and natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate technology </li></ul>Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  14. 14. Permaculture ethics - Peoplecare What are some key considerations when it comes to caring for people? Eg. Healthy food Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  15. 15. Permaculture ethics - Peoplecare <ul><li>Health and well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Nourishment with good food </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful work </li></ul><ul><li>Community belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Open communication </li></ul><ul><li>Trust and respect </li></ul>Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  16. 16. Permaculture ethics - Fairshare What are some key considerations when it comes to sharing ? What can be shared? Eg. Networking and sharing Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  17. 17. Permaculture ethics - Fairshare <ul><li>Co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Networking and sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of resources and wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of consumerism </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking current notions of growth, progress and development </li></ul><ul><li>Making a contribution </li></ul>Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  18. 18. Permaculture ethics So the ticket here is to ask yourself: Will my actions support one or more of these fundamental permaculture ethics? How can I weave these ethics into my permaculture design/lifestyle? Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009
  19. 19. Permaculture principles Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009 A Now that we have considered how to include the permaculture ethics, we can start to look at the permaculture principles. These principles may vary in their wording, depending on where you find the information. For the purpose of our exercise, we will use the 12 principles outlined by David Holmgren.
  20. 20. Permaculture principles Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009 <ul><li>Observe and interact </li></ul><ul><li>Catch and store energy </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain a yield </li></ul><ul><li>Apply self regulation and accept feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Use and value renewable resources and services </li></ul><ul><li>Produce no waste </li></ul>
  21. 21. Permaculture principles Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009 <ul><li>Design from patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate rather than segregate </li></ul><ul><li>Use small and slow solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Use and value diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Use edges and value the marginal </li></ul><ul><li>Creatively use and respond to change </li></ul>
  22. 22. Permaculture principles Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009 Now grab a principle or two and, working with 2 or 3 other people, brainstorm as many practical applications of the principles as you can. Produce no waste, eg. build a worm farm.
  23. 23. Resources and references Hortykim, Otago Polytechnic 2009 http ://en Photos hortykim Course notes and experiences from Permaculture Design short course (Peta Hudson) 2008.