Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Dr. Irwin M. Cohen and Ms. Jennifer Keim
Senior Researcher, University of the Fraser Valley
General Counsel, BCLC
Experiences with BCLC’s Voluntary
Self-Exclusion Program
Dr. Irwin Cohen
Amanda McCormick, PhD (ABD)
https://www.gaming.gov.bc.ca/reports/docs/rpt-bclc-self-exclusion-program.pdf
Time One Recruitment
472 Consent Forms Received Between June 6, 2013 and
March 24, 2014
19% of VSE Enrollers Consented to ...
Characteristic Study 1 (n = 161) Study 2 (n = 326)
Female 58% 53%
Ethnicity
Caucasian 77% 75%
Asian 8% 10%
Aboriginal 12% ...
Characteristic Study 1 (n = 161) Study 2 (n = 326)
Marital Status
Single 34% 38%
Married 34% 35%
Common Law 10% 12%
Employ...
PREVIOUS GAMBLING HISTORY
Past Year Gambling Frequency
1%
10%
50%
14%
17%
3% 5%
Forms of Past Year Gambling
80%
72%
28%
11% 9% 7% 7% 5% 4%
Past Year Gambling
Land-Based Online
Average Range Average Range
# of Different Venues 3 0-15 - -
Amount at Risk $569 $25 ...
Reasons for Gambling
Used to Gamble … %
Because it was Fun / Exciting 89%
Because of Boredom 80%
To Escape Uncomfortable F...
Gambling Severity (n = 326)
3% 3%
21%
74%
No Problem Low Level ProblemsModerate Problems Problem Gambling
Previous Attempts to Quit
Form of Support %
Self-Control 75%
Previous VSE 72%
Talk to Friend/Family 54%
PG Counselor 26%
O...
VSE ENROLLMENT
Gap Between VSE Program Awareness and
Enrollment
15%
20%
65%
Immediately Before Enrolling Between 1m-1y of Enrolling > 1 Y...
Source of VSE Awareness
78%
39%
33%
19% 17%
13% 12% 12% 9% 9% 7% 6%
Length of Enrollment and Satisfaction
with Enrollment Length
31% 29%
7%
33%
92% 89%
100%
84%
6 months 1 year 2 years 3 yea...
Rating of Enrollment Experience
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Security Alone Security w/GSA GSA
COUNSELLING
Consent to Counselling
2% 2%
11%
85%
2% 3%
24%
71%
No Problem Low Level ProblemsModerate Problems Problem Gambling
Consent...
Reasons for Accessing Counselling
(n = 96)
90%
65%
55%
15% 13% 9%
Reasons for Avoiding Counselling
84%
37% 35%
29%
21% 19% 17%
9% 7% 7% 3%
Reasons for No Counselling x PGSI
No Problem Low/Mod Problem
Wanted to Deal with it Myself 60% 86% 83%
Didn’t Think it Cou...
Lack of Awareness of Counselling Options
63%
58%
46%
42%
35% 34%
25%
19%
Online Meet at
Location I
Choose
Change
Counsello...
Supports Post VSE
%
Problem Gambling Counselling 15%
Mental Health Treatment 5%
Gambler’s Anonymous 3%
Financial Counselli...
TIME 2 INTERVIEWS
6 Months Later…
83%
Current Enrollment Status
72% Still Under Previous Enrollment Agreement
11% of Those Expired Re-Enrolled by Time 2
Majorit...
Gambling In Last 6 Months, Since Exclusion (n =
270)
%
No Gambling (Abstinent) 13%
Only Lotto 27%
Any Gambling Except Lott...
Violation Attempts in Past 6 Months
23% 15%
Agreement Violators (n = 40)
On average, attempted to re-enter casino 11 times
Nearly all (97%) reported successfully re-e...
Reasons for Violating
80%
74%
69%
62%
46%
41%
31%
18%
Urge to
Gamble
Bored No
Penalty
No
Detection
Felt Lucky Depressed
/ ...
Profile of Agreement Violators
Marital Status Differed
• Violators More Likely Single (53% vs 35%) or Common Law
(20% vs 9...
Percent of PGSI Group who Violated
(n = 270)
7% 6%
15%
45%
No Problem Low Level Moderate Problem Gambling
Time 2 PGSI Scores Among Violators (n
= 40)
10%
13%
33%
45%
No Problem Low Level Moderate Problem Gambling
Non-Violators
90% 90%
59% 57% 56% 55% 51% 49% 46%
Counselling Access Past 6 Months
Significantly Higher PGSI at Time 1 (16.5 vs 11.3 of those
not accessing)
Non-Significant...
93%
Incorrect Program Assumptions
Purpose of VSE is to Help me Take Time Out
• 14% Disagreed
VSE Purpose is to Completely Stop...
Going Forward….
Conclude All Time 3 Interviews
Analyze Qualitative Interviews with Sub-Sample of Violators
Obtain An Overa...
Centre for Public Safety and Criminal Justice Research
To provide session feedback:
• Open New Horizons app
• Select Agenda tile
• Select this session
• Select Take Survey at bo...
Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies
Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×
Upcoming SlideShare
Dr. Alex Blaszczynski: Breaks in Play - An Irresponsible Strategy?
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

Share

Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies

Download to read offline

Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies
Joint Session Presented at the New Horizons in Responsible Gambling Conference in Vancouver, February 2-4, 2015

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies

  1. 1. Dr. Irwin M. Cohen and Ms. Jennifer Keim Senior Researcher, University of the Fraser Valley General Counsel, BCLC
  2. 2. Experiences with BCLC’s Voluntary Self-Exclusion Program Dr. Irwin Cohen Amanda McCormick, PhD (ABD)
  3. 3. https://www.gaming.gov.bc.ca/reports/docs/rpt-bclc-self-exclusion-program.pdf
  4. 4. Time One Recruitment 472 Consent Forms Received Between June 6, 2013 and March 24, 2014 19% of VSE Enrollers Consented to Participate in the Study 326 People or 69% of those who Originally Consented Completed an Interview
  5. 5. Characteristic Study 1 (n = 161) Study 2 (n = 326) Female 58% 53% Ethnicity Caucasian 77% 75% Asian 8% 10% Aboriginal 12% 6% South Asian 1% 5% Other 3% 5% Age 46 years (19 - 77) 48 years (19 - 88) English 96% 88% Geographical Region Lower Mainland 41% 45% Interior 47% 39% Island 10% 16%
  6. 6. Characteristic Study 1 (n = 161) Study 2 (n = 326) Marital Status Single 34% 38% Married 34% 35% Common Law 10% 12% Employed 76% 71% Income Less Than $20,000 23% 22% $20,000 - $49,999 45% 47% More Than $50,000 25% 25% Education At least Some College - 29%
  7. 7. PREVIOUS GAMBLING HISTORY
  8. 8. Past Year Gambling Frequency 1% 10% 50% 14% 17% 3% 5%
  9. 9. Forms of Past Year Gambling 80% 72% 28% 11% 9% 7% 7% 5% 4%
  10. 10. Past Year Gambling Land-Based Online Average Range Average Range # of Different Venues 3 0-15 - - Amount at Risk $569 $25 - $10,000 $318 $2 - $5,000 Time Spent 250m 30m - 1440m 155m 10m - 660m Amount Lost $1,569 $30 -$85,000 $1260 $2 - $30,000
  11. 11. Reasons for Gambling Used to Gamble … % Because it was Fun / Exciting 89% Because of Boredom 80% To Escape Uncomfortable Feelings 58% Because One Big Win Would Solve Money Problems 58% For an Opportunity to Socialize 46% To Escape Family Problems 42% To Escape Financial Problems 38% To Escape Work Problems 25% To Escape Health Problems 21%
  12. 12. Gambling Severity (n = 326) 3% 3% 21% 74% No Problem Low Level ProblemsModerate Problems Problem Gambling
  13. 13. Previous Attempts to Quit Form of Support % Self-Control 75% Previous VSE 72% Talk to Friend/Family 54% PG Counselor 26% Online Information / Resources 16% Gambler’s Anonymous 15% Problem Gambling Helpline 13% Game Sense Advisor 13% Other 5% Gametalk 2%
  14. 14. VSE ENROLLMENT
  15. 15. Gap Between VSE Program Awareness and Enrollment 15% 20% 65% Immediately Before Enrolling Between 1m-1y of Enrolling > 1 Year Before Enrolling
  16. 16. Source of VSE Awareness 78% 39% 33% 19% 17% 13% 12% 12% 9% 9% 7% 6%
  17. 17. Length of Enrollment and Satisfaction with Enrollment Length 31% 29% 7% 33% 92% 89% 100% 84% 6 months 1 year 2 years 3 years Current Length Satisfaction
  18. 18. Rating of Enrollment Experience 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Security Alone Security w/GSA GSA
  19. 19. COUNSELLING
  20. 20. Consent to Counselling 2% 2% 11% 85% 2% 3% 24% 71% No Problem Low Level ProblemsModerate Problems Problem Gambling Consent No Consent
  21. 21. Reasons for Accessing Counselling (n = 96) 90% 65% 55% 15% 13% 9%
  22. 22. Reasons for Avoiding Counselling 84% 37% 35% 29% 21% 19% 17% 9% 7% 7% 3%
  23. 23. Reasons for No Counselling x PGSI No Problem Low/Mod Problem Wanted to Deal with it Myself 60% 86% 83% Didn’t Think it Could Help 20% 18% 42% Don’t Think I have a Problem 60% 51% 32% Didn’t have Time for it 40% 19% 32% Didn’t Want Others to Know 0% 16% 24% Too Ashamed to Talk to Anyone 0% 13% 22% Thought Others Would Make Fun 0% 8% 9% Didn’t Think They’d Speak My Language 20% 6% 6% Couldn’t Afford It 0% 10% 6% Didn’t Know It was Available 0% 2% 3%
  24. 24. Lack of Awareness of Counselling Options 63% 58% 46% 42% 35% 34% 25% 19% Online Meet at Location I Choose Change Counsellor Other Areas Meet at Time I Choose Multiple Forms Speak Multiple Languages Free
  25. 25. Supports Post VSE % Problem Gambling Counselling 15% Mental Health Treatment 5% Gambler’s Anonymous 3% Financial Counselling 3% Other Counselling 3% Substance Use Treatment 3% Other Support Groups 3% Game Sense Advisors 2% Marital Counselling 2% Online Supports 1% Problem Gambling Helpline 1%
  26. 26. TIME 2 INTERVIEWS 6 Months Later…
  27. 27. 83%
  28. 28. Current Enrollment Status 72% Still Under Previous Enrollment Agreement 11% of Those Expired Re-Enrolled by Time 2 Majority of Re-Enrollers Had Already Begun Gambling and Fears Were Resurfacing Majority of Non-Re-enrollers Wanted to Gamble Again, Thought They Had Developed Better Self-Control, and Wanted to Manage Their Gambling On Their Own
  29. 29. Gambling In Last 6 Months, Since Exclusion (n = 270) % No Gambling (Abstinent) 13% Only Lotto 27% Any Gambling Except Lotto 60%
  30. 30. Violation Attempts in Past 6 Months 23% 15%
  31. 31. Agreement Violators (n = 40) On average, attempted to re-enter casino 11 times Nearly all (97%) reported successfully re-entering on at least one attempt 67% went to different casino 46% were caught in past 6 months
  32. 32. Reasons for Violating 80% 74% 69% 62% 46% 41% 31% 18% Urge to Gamble Bored No Penalty No Detection Felt Lucky Depressed / Anxious Needed Money Under Influence
  33. 33. Profile of Agreement Violators Marital Status Differed • Violators More Likely Single (53% vs 35%) or Common Law (20% vs 9%) • Non-Violators More Likely Married (40% vs 20%) or Divorced (10% vs 5%) PGSI Scores • No Difference on PGSI Total at Time 1 (Violators X = 13.4, Non-Violators X = 11.9) • Significant Difference on PGSI Total at Time 2 (Violators X = 9.8, Non-Violators X = 3.1)
  34. 34. Percent of PGSI Group who Violated (n = 270) 7% 6% 15% 45% No Problem Low Level Moderate Problem Gambling
  35. 35. Time 2 PGSI Scores Among Violators (n = 40) 10% 13% 33% 45% No Problem Low Level Moderate Problem Gambling
  36. 36. Non-Violators 90% 90% 59% 57% 56% 55% 51% 49% 46%
  37. 37. Counselling Access Past 6 Months Significantly Higher PGSI at Time 1 (16.5 vs 11.3 of those not accessing) Non-Significantly Higher PGSI at Time 2 (6.3 versus 3.7) 22.5% of Violators versus 14% Non-Violators
  38. 38. 93%
  39. 39. Incorrect Program Assumptions Purpose of VSE is to Help me Take Time Out • 14% Disagreed VSE Purpose is to Completely Stop Me from Gambling • 44% Agreed I Will be Paid for Any Jackpots I Win While Excluded • 8% Agreed If I Lose in a Casino While Excluded, I Won’t Need to Pay For My Losses • 5% Agreed I Can Re-Enroll Post-Exclusion • 1% Disagreed Information I Gave During Enrollment is ONLY Shared with That Casino • 3% Agreed
  40. 40. Going Forward…. Conclude All Time 3 Interviews Analyze Qualitative Interviews with Sub-Sample of Violators Obtain An Overall Profile of VSE Enrollers over Time 1 Recruitment Period Conduct a survey with Non-VSE Casino Patrons Provide Recommendations for Program Enhancement
  41. 41. Centre for Public Safety and Criminal Justice Research
  42. 42. To provide session feedback: • Open New Horizons app • Select Agenda tile • Select this session • Select Take Survey at bottom of screen If you are unable to download app, please raise your hand for a paper version

Dr. Irwin Cohen and Jennifer Keim: Voluntary Self-Exclusion: BC Longitudinal Study and Lawsuit Case Studies Joint Session Presented at the New Horizons in Responsible Gambling Conference in Vancouver, February 2-4, 2015

Views

Total views

3,373

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

909

Actions

Downloads

5

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×