Candy for winners of my questions
White board market
Tri pod stand
Poster boards of Fire and Sin Triangles
WE are going to play the guessing game. I am thinking of one word and you have to guess
what it is. You will guess my word by asking me questions, but there is trick. You can
only ask me Yes or No questions. I can only answer YES or No. (Have a sign that says
Yes or No. I need 2 volunteers to be my sign holders. When I touch you, you raise your
(THEY GUESS THE ANSWER)
Show my items in bag
Bring out fire extinguisher
Ask “What else could I add to these items?”
Right. You are rookies today in Firehouse 3:16, where you will be trained to fight the
eternal fires caused by sin and to help rescue those who are in danger of that eternal fire.
So, go ahead and put your helmets on. I am your firehouse chief. You can call me Chief or
(HIT THE DOCUMENT BUTTON at bottom of Firehouse 3:16 screen.)
Go ahead and get the paper out that says “Academy Training”.
(SHOW PP AND HIT BUTTON) Today, I will train you on how fires get started, how to
extinguish them, and how to do whatever it takes to rescue victims from the fire. How
many of you have ever gone through a fire? Shane and I have been through a house fire
but we have all been through a church fire. Let’s think about the fire, if you were here to
experience it. If you weren’t, it doesn’t matter, I will help you experience it. (BEGIN
SHOWING PICS) (STOP PICS AT THE FLAME IN THE CORNER OF THE CHURCH)
Who are there to help in time of fire? Firefighter (SHOW FF pic) STOP PICS
(They pull out 1 M&M and all the ones that got the same color are partners.)
Look at the top of the paper. I want you and your partner/group to write down things you
know about fire. You will be sharing your answers with group. (OPTIONAL) Have white
board and have volunteers to come up and write down anything they know about fires.
Jude 23 tells us to “snatch from the fire” those people who are in danger of dying apart
Ask, “What would keep us apart from God?” Sin. “What is sin?” When you disobey God.
“Now, think to yourself. How does sin get started?” Tell your partner your answer.
(THEY WRITE ANSWER ON PAPER.)
(PP AND HANDOUT) To begin, I am going to show you something called a “Fire
Triangle”. A Fire Triangle is a tool that reminds firefighters of the three things it takes to
start a fire. Use volunteers to hold up each part of the triangle. (They show it when I talk
(PP and handout) Those three things are fuel, oxygen, and heat. Fuel is stuff like hay and
wood that can burn. Fires also need oxygen, which is in the air we breathe. Finally, heat
can start a fire if there’s enough fuel and oxygen. If all three things from our fire triangle
get together, it starts a fire. What starts a fire? What starts a fire? What starts a fire?
I want you to get up and make a group of 3-4 BUT you cannot stay with the same person
in your last group. (depending on the amount that is at workshop).
Answer these questions with your group. What can the fire do? What are the effects of the
fire? Then DISCUSS ALOUD with me.
Is fire is hot or cold? and can WHAT you? BURN Fire also can WHAT very quickly?
SPREAD A small spark can grow into a huge fire that can burn down buildings and kill
people. Once a fire gets started, it can spread and get out of WHAT? CONTROL
(PP AND HANDOUT) SEE IF SOMEONE CAN FILL IN THE BLANKS.) In James
1:13-15 it says 13Let no one say when he is tempted, I am being tempted by God"; for
God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.14But each one is
tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own desire (lust). 15Then when desire
(lust) has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth
death. (Have them repeat the scripture with me several times.)
(I would normally have you play a scripture game but because of time, we will skip it.)
These verses talk about sin, which is disobedience to God. These verses show us that sin
starts out with our own evil WHAT? DESIRES. Then, when temptation comes, we
WHAT? SIN. (SHOW PP) What is sin? Sin is when you disobey God.
(ON THIS POWER POINT, HIT THE MOVIE BOTTON)
Show cake temptation video. Stop it before it shows him dreaming 2:39.
(SHOW PP. CAKE AND TITLE ONLY… DO NOT HIT THE PP BUTTON)
Get 3 more volunteers. Give them each a part of the triangle. When I talk about a part, they
tape it to the fire triangle. SAY Like our fire triangle, we also have a Sin Triangle. Sin is
even more dangerous than ______? FIRE Just like fire, sin needs three things in order to
burn. Sin starts when we have evil desires, which are like fuel for a fire.
(HAVE VOLUNTEERS PUT EACH “SIN TRIANGLE” UP WHEN I MENTION IT)
Like a match (CAKE) that could be fuel for a fire, he had an evil DESIRE (HIT
BUTTON) (he wanted to) eat the cake even though he was told not to eat it. He was
tempted because of his desire. Like oxygen for the fire to burn, he was TEMPTED (HIT
BUTTON) (he kept looking at it/mediating/ thinking about it), and finally, like heat to start
a fire, he saw an OPPORTUNITY (HIT BUTTON) (chance to sin). He started a deadly
fire. All three parts of the fire triangle were together and guess what. FIRE!!!
I strike the match and light a candle. Your evil DESIRE, your TEMPTATION, and the
OPPORTUNITY to sin all came together and caught fire. Then what happens to the fire if
not put out? It burns out of control.
LIGHT THE PAPER
See how quickly this paper caught fire? If I let it, this paper could catch this whole
building on fire. (PP and handout) Sin spreads just like fire, and other people can get hurt.
How do you think his wife felt when she got home and the cake was eaten?
(PP AND ON HANDOUT) Your sin affects your walk with God and your testimony.
The devastation a fire can cause pain to you and others. The aftermath can cause
heartache. (SHOW PICS of “AFTERMATH” of church burning.)
What can you do about it? (put water on the fire but keep candle burning)
What do the firefighters tell people to do when they catch on fire? STOP, DROP, AND
ROLL. ((BECAUSE OF TIME, I WILL NOT SHOW A STOP, DROP, AND ROLL
(PP AND HANDOUT It’s the same if we’re caught on fire of sin.
When caught in the flames of sin, we should STOP what we’re doing, then DROP to our
knees and pray, and then ROLL through the Bible and obey it. So if you’re being burned
by sin, stop, drop, and roll, what should you do?
(LET THEM PRACTICE)
What else can you do about it? You can throw the match away. (Show PP) DON’ T HIT
BUTTON. Put the cake up. Get it out of your sight. Begin doing something else to get it
off your mind. Leave the sin. Leave the house if you need to. Do whatever it takes to stay
away from the match. Show them the drinking glass.
If you have evil desires, take away the fuel. Don’t go to places that tempt you. Don’t hang
around with friends that tempt you.
And don’t give your sinful desires any air to burn. Take away those temptations, just like
this glass will take away our candles air, and watch the fire go out.
Throw away the matchbox if you have to. It takes three things to start a fire of sin. Don’t
let the fire get started. (HIT PP BUTTON) Evil desires lead to temptation, and then, if you
have the opportunity, you’ll sin. Get rid of those evil desires and temptations, and don’t get
burned by the sin’s fire. (HIT BUTTON TO SHOW ANSWERS)
(HIT LAST PP SLIDE: TEMPTATION “DO NOT PUSH BUTTON” PIC)
END CLASS LESSON
As a teacher, leader, or volunteer speaker or worker, you could have brought in Newspaper
clippings, internet articles, you could still put them in groups for small discussions. You
could give them a list of questions to answer in a group instead of as a whole.
You want to create “life experiences” first before you begin any lesson. You want them to
feel. That is what I did with showing pics of our fire. You felt something while you were
looking at them. There are certain things you need to add if you ever speak to a group.
What I WILL present to you today is for everyone, no matter what you do for God and
even if you don’t know what you want to do for God at this moment. This will help you
know how you learn best and how your students/class/ministry learns best. This will make
you be a better person and a better teacher if you teach. It will also help you if you are a
leader in knowing where to place people in your ministry and what each person’s strength
is so they can have AH HA MOMENTS (SHOW TITLE OF SESSION on PP). It will
make your ministry better because you will have people involved in the area that is best for
them.. For example, you may be great with your hands (putting projects together, building)
so greeting might not be your cup of tea. People have more than one learning style but
each person has a PREFERRED learning style so you could be a happy go lucky person,
too and feel that you could talk to anyone and that means you could be a great greeter BUT
IF YOU HAD your choice, you would rather build things than greet. If you are here today
and you don’t know how you learn best, today is your lucky day. This session is for
everyone. When you know how you learn best, you will be able to be successful in
knowing what to do.
If you a leader and you are trying to tell people your vision or explain a project to them,
some will get it and some will not. You think, if I am talking, the students or the people are
learning it. They understand it. NOPE! Some are visual learners. They need to see it. They
need to see your vision. This means you might have to bring in pictures or draw something
for them to see.
BEGIN “AH HA” MOMENT SESSION POWER POINT
GET YOUR HANDOUT THAT SAYS “CREATING “AH HA” MOMENTS
(ON HANDOUT.. ASK THEM TO ANSWER the question)
WHAT IS AN “AH HA” MOMENT?
I hear I forget - I see I remember - I do I understand
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT)
Communication research tells us that people tend to remember 20 percent of what they
hear, 30 percent of what they see, 50 percent of what they hear and see, and 80 percent of
what they hear, see, and do.
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT) There are 3 (4) learning styles that I represented in this
small lesson about the Sin Triangle today. People learn in one of three ways: auditorily,
visually, or kinesthetically/or tactile.
If these learning styles are not reached, then the child or adult is not understanding what
you, as the teacher, leader, or as a volunteer have taught them.
PEOPLE COMMONLY HAVE A MAIN STYLE BUT THIS WILL BE PART OF A
BLEND OF ALL THREE. SOME PEOPLE HAVE A VERY STRONG PREFERENCE;
OTHERS PEOPLE HAVE A MORE EVEN MIXTURE OF MORE THAN ONE. This is
why it is so important that you reach all learning styles.
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT)
Some people learn by listening and sharing ideas,
Some learn by thinking through ideas,
Some learn by testing theories,
And some learn by synthesizing content and context.
--Susan Morris, Excel, Inc.
LET’S BE HONEST. Have you ever sat in a class and wonder WHAT IN THE WORLD
ARE THEY TALKING ABOUT? Or LEAVE A CLASS ASKING YOURSELF.. WHAT
DID WE LEARN TODAY? OR TRY TO THINK WHAT THE PASTOR PREACHED
ON??? IT IS BECAUSE OUR LEARNING STYLE WAS NOT REACHED AND THE
TEACHER, LEADER, VOLUNTEER WENT OVER OUR AVERAGE ATTENTION
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT ON Attention Span)
(PP AND HANDOUT) A normal attention span is 3 to 5 minutes per year of a child's
age. Therefore, a 2-year-old should be able to concentrate on a particular task for at
least 6 minutes, and a child entering kindergarten should be able to concentrate for
at least 15 minutes. (Note: A child's attention span while watching TV is not an
accurate measure of his or her attention span.)
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT)
Research says that the average American has an attention span of about 20 minutes, which
is decreasing every year. With our decreasing attention span comes a decreasing
ability to retain what we have learned
(THIS SCREEN IS JUST A”BECAUSE I WANTED TO INFORM YOU”.)
(SHOW PP AND HANDOUT)
Less Than Two Hours a Day
The American Academy of Pediatrics has advised that children over the age of 2 should
have less than two hours of screen time per day, which includes television, computer time,
Blackberries, iPod Touch, Game Boys, Texting, and video games. ANYTHING WITH A
Too much screen time can result in behavioral problems, as well as trouble concentrating
at school and obesity.
"Those who exceeded the AAP recommendation were about 1.6 times to 2.2 times more
likely to have greater than average attention problems.”
MONDAY, July 5, 2010 (HealthDay News)
(PP AND HANDOUT)
SAY… “People's attention spans are decreasing to all-time lows. If you're in front of a
group and you don't have something humorous to say at least once every ______ minutes,
you are going to lose your audience.” (HANDOUT) HIT BUTTON TO SHOW 7)
THIS IS WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW THE ATTENTION SPAN OF YOUR
(DO NOT HIT BUTTON)
Have you ever noticed that for some people to learn something, they have to read it out
loud? After they’ve said and heard the words, they understand it and will remember it.
Others, though could read a paragraph six times without learning anything; but if you gave
them a project to work on—they will never forget it. Why is it that some people need to
hear things, while others need to see them and some need to experience them?. These
learning styles are part of who you are. Learning styles are simply various ways of
learning. Though most people learn through a combination of these three, everyone has a
preferred style. Most of the time we learn in all these ways but there is one way that
conquers the rest but none of these styles will fit a student or you perfectly.
Is someone you know a little comedian, always on the latest knock-knock joke? Do you
hear her humming? Does it frustrate you when you are talking directly to her/him and
he/she doesn’t even glance your way? If you’ve answered yes to some of these, chances
are that he/she is an auditory learner.
Auditory learners seem to be better at lang. Arts (English and SS)
They learn best through hearing things.
*Often talks to himself as he is tackling a new task
*Has trouble with writing
*Is very social
*Asks lots of questions
*Is noisier than most kids/adults
*Likes to read to self out loud
*Is not afraid to speak in class
*Is good at explaining
*Notices sound effects in movies
*Follows spoken directions
*Can’t keep quiet for long periods
How to help an auditory learner: auditory weaknesses
LEARN BEST BY HEARING
*Provide students with oral along with written instructions for assignments.
*Include whole group discussion in your class.
*Provide students with videos to complement the written text.
(EXTRA TO SAY IF NEEDED)
(*Will need to hear directions several times to process it
Watching videos to hear what they are saying
They need to repeat the directions or story
Listen to a tape of the story and follow along with their finger on the word)
Does someone you know use his hands when he tells you about his day? Does he
remember faces, but not names? Is he artistic? Does he notice details? Observant? Knows
when things have been moved around? Puts his hands over his ears when trying to
concentrate if too much noise is around? Does he write down things as a way to
remember? Then he/she is a visual learner.
Those who learn through seeing things.
Visual learners tend to be better at math and science.
*Need to look at the person he’s talking to in order to keep focused
*Use his hands when he talks
*Hold images in his head. A visual learner can literally see the passage from a page in a
book in his mind’s eye.
*Is good at spelling but forgets names
*Needs quiet study time
*Has to think awhile before understanding a lecture
Is good at spelling
*Likes color and fashion
*Dreams in color
*Is good with sign lang.
How to help a visual learner: visual weaknesses:
LEARN BEST BY SEEING
*Including diagrams, mind maps, word webs, visuals, and other forms of graphic
organizers will help visual learners get the most from your instruction.
*Teach students to use highlighters when going through their notes
*create flashcards when studying for tests and learning information.
*Try not to give only oral instructions before requiring students to complete an
*stay away from lecture without accompanying notes and/or visuals.
*When you can, write it down for her, or have her write it down—especially directions.
Use illustrations, charts, diagrams, and slides to reinforce learning
Engage with face to face interaction
Give her colored markers and highlighters. If she writes letters in color, she is more likely
to visualize the words or story.
Provide a quiet place for her to read and study
Do not sit them close to a window where they can look out and be distracted
While you are telling a story, have them write down a key word to make sure they are
Do you know someone who jumps right into an activity without thinking twice about
asking how to do it? Is he unusually coordinated? You can base these characters when the
child is still young because they will all act this way. Does he touch, feel, and handle
things? Show rather than tell? Likes to try things first. Do best by touching/feeling? Can
learn things if up dancing while singing the song. They will not want to see a
Kinesthetic or tactile learners often learn best (by moving and doing) in labs and hand-on
They learn best by MOVING.
*Is good at sports
*Can’t sit still for long
*Is not great at spelling
Does not have a great handwriting
*Likes science labs
*Studies with loud music on
*Likes adventure books and movies
*Likes role playing
*Takes breaks when studying
Do not spend a lot of time reading
*Lay on floor or bed to study
Is involved in martial arts, dance
*Is fidgety during lectures
How to help a kinesthetic learner: kinestetic weaknesses:
Vary instruction not only from day-to-day but also within a single class period.
*Provide students with as many opportunities as your curriculum warrants to complete
Allow students to role-play to gain further understanding of key concepts.
*Provide students with the opportunity to work in small discussion groups as they study
*If possible, plan a field trip that can help reinforce key concepts.
*Allow students to stretch partially through the class if they seem to become restless.
Tell story while walking outside or moving around
Let her act out the story
Games that involve moving not sitting in a chair and having to be quiet
While you are telling a story, give them a picture card and when you say a word (or pic
word) they hold up their card
Do you know someone who doesn’t mind getting their hands dirty? Maybe loves jigsaw
puzzles? Talk using hand motions?
SAY…The tactile is almost joined with the kinesthetic learning. Both styles involve bodily
movement and are very similar but the tactile style is more moderate. They are usually in
the same category because they are active in some way. It involves the sense of touch, and
fine motor movements, rather than the large, whole-body movements through the sense of
touch and feeling, and generally has good eye-hand coordination. Tactile likes to put
models together and tear things apart and put them back together again to understand how
it works. Tactile learners have active hands. They fiddle with buttons and explore objects.
Great with building things.
LEARNS BEST BY DOING
*They enjoy manipulatives
Hands on science experiments
Making their own books
*Is fidgety during lectures
*Gets bored easily
*Needs to be touching something
*Loves flash cards
How to help a tactile learner: tactile weaknesses:
Need to have something in hand that represent the story while you tell the story
*Like picture cards to hold
When telling a story use sequence cards. When you are through telling the story, let the
child put the story in sequence. They need to use their hands.
*Learns better sitting in a bean bag rather than a hard chair
Make lesson short then have an activity like role playing
They like to imitate
Doesn’t like videos
While telling story talk about how that person felt in the story (like emotions)
*Use gestures when giving explanation or directions
Have modeling clay and let them make a character from the story
*Make sounds like the wind when you are telling the story or jump when you say the word
(DON’T HIT BUTTON)
When I taught, I made sure to reach all learning styles. It isn’t easy but can be done. It just
takes time and research. The internet has so much info on it. When I talking about the
Indians, we would do a rain dance, cook flap jacks, and make a word picture book. When
we talked about the colonial times, we would do their games, make homemade butter, sing
their songs, and listen to tapes from that time period. We would play games. I made a lot
of my games. If I taught adjectives, I would have them to come to the board circle an
adjective, listen to a tape that might have a lot of adj in it and they would have to write
down as many as they could from the song. When we talked about the Bosten Tea Party, I
would bring in cups, and tea bags and let them have tea (without sugar) because of the
ASK THEM QUESTIONS AND LET THEM ANSWER
1.) Who has to get up and move around or you may call them a behavioral problem but
really they aren’t. They just need to get up and learn by moving or they get bored.
2.) Don’t learn much by lecture alone: VISUAL
3.) Who has to think awhile before understanding: VISUAL
4.) Who likes role playing? KINESTETIC
5.) Who can follow spoken directions? AUDITORY
6.) Who cannot follow spoken directions? VISUAL
7.) Who learns best by discussions? AUDITORY
8.) Who likes to learn by using their hands? TACTILE
9.) Who needs to be touching? TACTILE
An auditory learner would prefer to hear a presentation or explain something, and tend to
have level eye movement
A visual learner learns by writing, visualizing and drawing images. May speak rapidly and
tend to look upwards when you do.
A kinesthetic learner tends to look down but is often a fidget, and appreciates regular
breaks, and maybe use hands while talking and move around as they talk or read.
(HIT BUTTON AND HANDOUT)
SAY… Memory retention is rated at 75% when they practice by doing and 90%where they
teach and learn from one another. What does this mean? It means that you need to let your
adults/children interact in class. Answer questions on a card, ask one friend a question
about the subject and see if he/she can answer it.
We communicate 93% of the time non-verbally. (38% of the 93% is through our tone of
voice, and 55% of the 93% is through body language alone.) Think about the significance
of those percentages. We are communicating all the time even if we aren't verbalizing. (A
picture really is worth a thousand words.)
When teachers understand students learning styles and adjust your teaching to those styles,
students will learn. You can’t be someone that talks to the class then have the students
write in their books or complete a sheet on what you just talked about. THEY DID NOT
GET WHAT YOU WERE SAYING. THEY ARE DOING THE SHEET BECAUSE YOU
TOLD THEM TO BUT THEY DID NOT LEARN IT. THEY MAY BE ABLE TO
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BUT WHY SPEND YOUR TIME PLANNING WHEN
TOMORROW THEY HAVE NO IDEA WHAT YOU SAID BECAUSE THEY CAN’T
If that is all you did, only a hand full of students would be learning. Your class would be
called boring and no one would show up or they would show up because their parents
made them but the children would not be learning. Same for adults. They could be coming
because they know they should but not really getting anything from the class because all
you do is talk. You are reaching one learning style when you talk called Auditory but you
are not reaching EVERYONE. Learning styles forces us to rethink how we teach and
adjust to the way God made people—not the way He made us. Each person learning styles
is as unique as a signature. When a person is successful in his/her preferred style, he/she
will be willing to dare things that fall outside his/her strength area. On the other hand, if
the person is never taught within his/her style, she may assume she’s dumb. She may give
up. I reached all learning styles through my lesson today.
EFFECTIVE TEACHERS, LEADERS, OR VOLUNTEERS RESIST THE TENDENCY
TO TEACH TO ONLY ONE TYPE OF LEARNER?
*THE QUESTION IS…
HOW EFFECTIVE WILL YOU BE?
TAKE THIS HOME AND SEE WHICH STYLE YOU LEARN BEST
And if you want, let your whole ministry team or children/spouse take the test.
There are a lot of online questionnaires to see which learning style you prefer. The one I
gave you was just a small reference. Make sure when you teach that you focus on all
learning styles so you reach everyone.
(HAND OUT THE “LEARNING STYLES” CHART) Some use different styles in
ADDITIONAL LESSON but with NO POWER POINT
ALWAYS BE PREPARED (Spiritually Fit)
A firefighter must always be PREPARED to go put out fires or help people. What does
“prepared” mean? It means making sure you’re ready. A firefighter always has to be ready,
even when he is doing other things. When a fire alarm sounds, he has to stop whatever he
is doing and run out the door. Think about it. No matter what a firefighter is doing: eating,
sleeping, or whatever, he has to stop, jump on his truck and run to a call. That’s why a
firefighter must think ahead and plan everything he does, knowing he might have to stop in
the middle and respond to a call.
Get a volunteer. Meet firefighter Kelly. Imagine that Kelly has had a long day fighting
fires, rescuing people, and saving little kittens. Firefighter Kelly is tired and wants to sleep,
so he/she isn’t going to worry about being ready for the next call. He/she knows that a call
may come when he/she will have to go fight a fire or maybe tell someone about Jesus, but
he/she isn’t worrying too much about being prepared.
Are you fit for duty? Firefighters must keep fit, physically and spiritually. We must
constantly practice, review, drill, and improve in order to be effective. Are you fit as a
Christian? How can you be “fit” spiritually? Have volunteer to sit back down.
2 Timothy 2:15
“ Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need
to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth.”
2 Timothy 4:2A “Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season. (show hang
Preaching means that we tell other people about Jesus. When the Bible says we should be
prepared to preach the Word, it means that we should always be ready to tell people about
Jesus. In that way, we’re like firefighters.
How could firefighter Kelly be spiritually fit? We will call these the 5BX (5 Basic
Exericises). 1. Read the Word of God, (remember Bible verses, develop the habit of
reading the Word daily), 2. Spend time in pray (As you read the Word of God, pray for
wisdom, pray daily for forgiveness and opportunity to speak to the lost), 3. Sing Praises
(Make praising God in song a part of your daily devotional, sing while you drive or work)
4. Fellowship with Brethren (assemble together with Christians every opportunity you can)
5. Do Good Works (share the gospel with the lost, utilize your resources (time, money,
What would happen to fire victims if firefighters weren’t prepared at all times to rescue
them? They would get hurt or die. What will happen if you’re not prepared to tell
someone about Jesus? Will you be able to help them escape from hell? NO. Unless people
give their lives to Jesus, there is NO WAY for them to go to heaven. If WE tell people
about Jesus, we can be like firefighters, because we’re helping to rescue people from the
fire of hell. That’s why we have to always be ready to tell others about Jesus, even when
we don’t think we will have to.
Firefighters need to be ready for a call at anytime. They never know when the alarm is
going to go off. If they aren’t prepared, it could hurt someone. We are called to help save
others from the fires of sin, but if we aren’t prepared to answer the call it might mean
someone doesn’t ever come to know Christ as their Savior. Will you be prepared when the
call comes? (if time, show Resist Temptation video)