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Creating "Ah Ha" Moments Through Learning Styles


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This document, along with Academy Training, and Creating "Ah Ha" Moments, go with the Power Point entitled "Creating "Ah Ha" Moments Through Learning Styles.

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Creating "Ah Ha" Moments Through Learning Styles

  1. 1. Candy for winners of my questions White board White board market Eraser Tri pod stand M&M’s Paper Pens Candle Lighter Matches Clear glass Casserole dish Water Handouts Firefighter hat Fire extinguisher Poster boards of Fire and Sin Triangles WE are going to play the guessing game. I am thinking of one word and you have to guess what it is. You will guess my word by asking me questions, but there is trick. You can only ask me Yes or No questions. I can only answer YES or No. (Have a sign that says Yes or No. I need 2 volunteers to be my sign holders. When I touch you, you raise your sign. (THEY GUESS THE ANSWER) Show my items in bag Firefighter hat Bring out fire extinguisher Ask “What else could I add to these items?” Right. You are rookies today in Firehouse 3:16, where you will be trained to fight the eternal fires caused by sin and to help rescue those who are in danger of that eternal fire. So, go ahead and put your helmets on. I am your firehouse chief. You can call me Chief or Captain Dava. (HIT THE DOCUMENT BUTTON at bottom of Firehouse 3:16 screen.) Go ahead and get the paper out that says “Academy Training”.
  2. 2. (SHOW PP AND HIT BUTTON) Today, I will train you on how fires get started, how to extinguish them, and how to do whatever it takes to rescue victims from the fire. How many of you have ever gone through a fire? Shane and I have been through a house fire but we have all been through a church fire. Let’s think about the fire, if you were here to experience it. If you weren’t, it doesn’t matter, I will help you experience it. (BEGIN SHOWING PICS) (STOP PICS AT THE FLAME IN THE CORNER OF THE CHURCH) Who are there to help in time of fire? Firefighter (SHOW FF pic) STOP PICS (They pull out 1 M&M and all the ones that got the same color are partners.) Look at the top of the paper. I want you and your partner/group to write down things you know about fire. You will be sharing your answers with group. (OPTIONAL) Have white board and have volunteers to come up and write down anything they know about fires. Discuss these Jude 23 tells us to “snatch from the fire” those people who are in danger of dying apart from Christ. Ask, “What would keep us apart from God?” Sin. “What is sin?” When you disobey God. “Now, think to yourself. How does sin get started?” Tell your partner your answer. (THEY WRITE ANSWER ON PAPER.) (PP AND HANDOUT) To begin, I am going to show you something called a “Fire Triangle”. A Fire Triangle is a tool that reminds firefighters of the three things it takes to start a fire. Use volunteers to hold up each part of the triangle. (They show it when I talk about it.) (PP and handout) Those three things are fuel, oxygen, and heat. Fuel is stuff like hay and wood that can burn. Fires also need oxygen, which is in the air we breathe. Finally, heat can start a fire if there’s enough fuel and oxygen. If all three things from our fire triangle get together, it starts a fire. What starts a fire? What starts a fire? What starts a fire? I want you to get up and make a group of 3-4 BUT you cannot stay with the same person in your last group. (depending on the amount that is at workshop). Answer these questions with your group. What can the fire do? What are the effects of the fire? Then DISCUSS ALOUD with me. Is fire is hot or cold? and can WHAT you? BURN Fire also can WHAT very quickly? SPREAD A small spark can grow into a huge fire that can burn down buildings and kill people. Once a fire gets started, it can spread and get out of WHAT? CONTROL
  3. 3. (PP AND HANDOUT) SEE IF SOMEONE CAN FILL IN THE BLANKS.) In James 1:13-15 it says 13Let no one say when he is tempted, I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.14But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own desire (lust). 15Then when desire (lust) has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. (Have them repeat the scripture with me several times.) (I would normally have you play a scripture game but because of time, we will skip it.) These verses talk about sin, which is disobedience to God. These verses show us that sin starts out with our own evil WHAT? DESIRES. Then, when temptation comes, we WHAT? SIN. (SHOW PP) What is sin? Sin is when you disobey God. (ON THIS POWER POINT, HIT THE MOVIE BOTTON) Show cake temptation video. Stop it before it shows him dreaming 2:39. (SHOW PP. CAKE AND TITLE ONLY… DO NOT HIT THE PP BUTTON) Get 3 more volunteers. Give them each a part of the triangle. When I talk about a part, they tape it to the fire triangle. SAY Like our fire triangle, we also have a Sin Triangle. Sin is even more dangerous than ______? FIRE Just like fire, sin needs three things in order to burn. Sin starts when we have evil desires, which are like fuel for a fire. (HAVE VOLUNTEERS PUT EACH “SIN TRIANGLE” UP WHEN I MENTION IT) Like a match (CAKE) that could be fuel for a fire, he had an evil DESIRE (HIT BUTTON) (he wanted to) eat the cake even though he was told not to eat it. He was tempted because of his desire. Like oxygen for the fire to burn, he was TEMPTED (HIT BUTTON) (he kept looking at it/mediating/ thinking about it), and finally, like heat to start a fire, he saw an OPPORTUNITY (HIT BUTTON) (chance to sin). He started a deadly fire. All three parts of the fire triangle were together and guess what. FIRE!!! I strike the match and light a candle. Your evil DESIRE, your TEMPTATION, and the OPPORTUNITY to sin all came together and caught fire. Then what happens to the fire if not put out? It burns out of control. LIGHT THE PAPER See how quickly this paper caught fire? If I let it, this paper could catch this whole building on fire. (PP and handout) Sin spreads just like fire, and other people can get hurt. How do you think his wife felt when she got home and the cake was eaten? (PP AND ON HANDOUT) Your sin affects your walk with God and your testimony. The devastation a fire can cause pain to you and others. The aftermath can cause heartache. (SHOW PICS of “AFTERMATH” of church burning.)
  4. 4. What can you do about it? (put water on the fire but keep candle burning) What do the firefighters tell people to do when they catch on fire? STOP, DROP, AND ROLL. ((BECAUSE OF TIME, I WILL NOT SHOW A STOP, DROP, AND ROLL VIDEO) (PP AND HANDOUT It’s the same if we’re caught on fire of sin. When caught in the flames of sin, we should STOP what we’re doing, then DROP to our knees and pray, and then ROLL through the Bible and obey it. So if you’re being burned by sin, stop, drop, and roll, what should you do? (LET THEM PRACTICE) What else can you do about it? You can throw the match away. (Show PP) DON’ T HIT BUTTON. Put the cake up. Get it out of your sight. Begin doing something else to get it off your mind. Leave the sin. Leave the house if you need to. Do whatever it takes to stay away from the match. Show them the drinking glass. If you have evil desires, take away the fuel. Don’t go to places that tempt you. Don’t hang around with friends that tempt you. And don’t give your sinful desires any air to burn. Take away those temptations, just like this glass will take away our candles air, and watch the fire go out. Throw away the matchbox if you have to. It takes three things to start a fire of sin. Don’t let the fire get started. (HIT PP BUTTON) Evil desires lead to temptation, and then, if you have the opportunity, you’ll sin. Get rid of those evil desires and temptations, and don’t get burned by the sin’s fire. (HIT BUTTON TO SHOW ANSWERS) (HIT LAST PP SLIDE: TEMPTATION “DO NOT PUSH BUTTON” PIC) END CLASS LESSON As a teacher, leader, or volunteer speaker or worker, you could have brought in Newspaper clippings, internet articles, you could still put them in groups for small discussions. You could give them a list of questions to answer in a group instead of as a whole. You want to create “life experiences” first before you begin any lesson. You want them to feel. That is what I did with showing pics of our fire. You felt something while you were looking at them. There are certain things you need to add if you ever speak to a group.
  5. 5. What I WILL present to you today is for everyone, no matter what you do for God and even if you don’t know what you want to do for God at this moment. This will help you know how you learn best and how your students/class/ministry learns best. This will make you be a better person and a better teacher if you teach. It will also help you if you are a leader in knowing where to place people in your ministry and what each person’s strength is so they can have AH HA MOMENTS (SHOW TITLE OF SESSION on PP). It will make your ministry better because you will have people involved in the area that is best for them.. For example, you may be great with your hands (putting projects together, building) so greeting might not be your cup of tea. People have more than one learning style but each person has a PREFERRED learning style so you could be a happy go lucky person, too and feel that you could talk to anyone and that means you could be a great greeter BUT IF YOU HAD your choice, you would rather build things than greet. If you are here today and you don’t know how you learn best, today is your lucky day. This session is for everyone. When you know how you learn best, you will be able to be successful in knowing what to do. If you a leader and you are trying to tell people your vision or explain a project to them, some will get it and some will not. You think, if I am talking, the students or the people are learning it. They understand it. NOPE! Some are visual learners. They need to see it. They need to see your vision. This means you might have to bring in pictures or draw something for them to see. BEGIN “AH HA” MOMENT SESSION POWER POINT GET YOUR HANDOUT THAT SAYS “CREATING “AH HA” MOMENTS (ON HANDOUT.. ASK THEM TO ANSWER the question) WHAT IS AN “AH HA” MOMENT? (SHOW PP) I hear I forget - I see I remember - I do I understand (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT) Communication research tells us that people tend to remember 20 percent of what they hear, 30 percent of what they see, 50 percent of what they hear and see, and 80 percent of what they hear, see, and do. (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT) There are 3 (4) learning styles that I represented in this small lesson about the Sin Triangle today. People learn in one of three ways: auditorily,
  6. 6. visually, or kinesthetically/or tactile. If these learning styles are not reached, then the child or adult is not understanding what you, as the teacher, leader, or as a volunteer have taught them. PEOPLE COMMONLY HAVE A MAIN STYLE BUT THIS WILL BE PART OF A BLEND OF ALL THREE. SOME PEOPLE HAVE A VERY STRONG PREFERENCE; OTHERS PEOPLE HAVE A MORE EVEN MIXTURE OF MORE THAN ONE. This is why it is so important that you reach all learning styles. (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT) Some people learn by listening and sharing ideas, Some learn by thinking through ideas, Some learn by testing theories, And some learn by synthesizing content and context. --Susan Morris, Excel, Inc. LET’S BE HONEST. Have you ever sat in a class and wonder WHAT IN THE WORLD ARE THEY TALKING ABOUT? Or LEAVE A CLASS ASKING YOURSELF.. WHAT DID WE LEARN TODAY? OR TRY TO THINK WHAT THE PASTOR PREACHED ON??? IT IS BECAUSE OUR LEARNING STYLE WAS NOT REACHED AND THE TEACHER, LEADER, VOLUNTEER WENT OVER OUR AVERAGE ATTENTION SPAN. (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT ON Attention Span) (PP AND HANDOUT) A normal attention span is 3 to 5 minutes per year of a child's age. Therefore, a 2-year-old should be able to concentrate on a particular task for at least 6 minutes, and a child entering kindergarten should be able to concentrate for at least 15 minutes. (Note: A child's attention span while watching TV is not an accurate measure of his or her attention span.) (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT) Research says that the average American has an attention span of about 20 minutes, which is decreasing every year. With our decreasing attention span comes a decreasing ability to retain what we have learned (THIS SCREEN IS JUST A”BECAUSE I WANTED TO INFORM YOU”.) (SHOW PP AND HANDOUT)
  7. 7. Less Than Two Hours a Day The American Academy of Pediatrics has advised that children over the age of 2 should have less than two hours of screen time per day, which includes television, computer time, Blackberries, iPod Touch, Game Boys, Texting, and video games. ANYTHING WITH A SCREEN. Too much screen time can result in behavioral problems, as well as trouble concentrating at school and obesity. "Those who exceeded the AAP recommendation were about 1.6 times to 2.2 times more likely to have greater than average attention problems.” MONDAY, July 5, 2010 (HealthDay News) (PP AND HANDOUT) SAY… “People's attention spans are decreasing to all-time lows. If you're in front of a group and you don't have something humorous to say at least once every ______ minutes, you are going to lose your audience.” (HANDOUT) HIT BUTTON TO SHOW 7) THIS IS WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW THE ATTENTION SPAN OF YOUR AUDIENCE. (DO NOT HIT BUTTON) Have you ever noticed that for some people to learn something, they have to read it out loud? After they’ve said and heard the words, they understand it and will remember it. Others, though could read a paragraph six times without learning anything; but if you gave them a project to work on—they will never forget it. Why is it that some people need to hear things, while others need to see them and some need to experience them?. These learning styles are part of who you are. Learning styles are simply various ways of learning. Though most people learn through a combination of these three, everyone has a preferred style. Most of the time we learn in all these ways but there is one way that conquers the rest but none of these styles will fit a student or you perfectly. (SHOW PP) AUDITORY Is someone you know a little comedian, always on the latest knock-knock joke? Do you hear her humming? Does it frustrate you when you are talking directly to her/him and he/she doesn’t even glance your way? If you’ve answered yes to some of these, chances are that he/she is an auditory learner. Auditory learners seem to be better at lang. Arts (English and SS) They learn best through hearing things. *Often talks to himself as he is tackling a new task *Has trouble with writing *Is very social *Asks lots of questions *Is noisier than most kids/adults *Likes to read to self out loud
  8. 8. *Is not afraid to speak in class *Is good at explaining *Notices sound effects in movies Reads slowly *Follows spoken directions *Can’t keep quiet for long periods *Enjoys acting How to help an auditory learner: auditory weaknesses LEARN BEST BY HEARING *Provide students with oral along with written instructions for assignments. *Include whole group discussion in your class. *Provide students with videos to complement the written text. *Verbal repetition (EXTRA TO SAY IF NEEDED) (*Will need to hear directions several times to process it Watching videos to hear what they are saying They need to repeat the directions or story Listen to a tape of the story and follow along with their finger on the word) VISUAL Does someone you know use his hands when he tells you about his day? Does he remember faces, but not names? Is he artistic? Does he notice details? Observant? Knows when things have been moved around? Puts his hands over his ears when trying to concentrate if too much noise is around? Does he write down things as a way to remember? Then he/she is a visual learner. Those who learn through seeing things. Visual learners tend to be better at math and science. *Need to look at the person he’s talking to in order to keep focused *Use his hands when he talks *Hold images in his head. A visual learner can literally see the passage from a page in a book in his mind’s eye. *Is good at spelling but forgets names *Needs quiet study time
  9. 9. *Has to think awhile before understanding a lecture Is good at spelling *Likes color and fashion *Dreams in color *Understands/likes charts *Is good with sign lang. How to help a visual learner: visual weaknesses: LEARN BEST BY SEEING *Including diagrams, mind maps, word webs, visuals, and other forms of graphic organizers will help visual learners get the most from your instruction. *Teach students to use highlighters when going through their notes *create flashcards when studying for tests and learning information. *Try not to give only oral instructions before requiring students to complete an assignment. *stay away from lecture without accompanying notes and/or visuals. *When you can, write it down for her, or have her write it down—especially directions. Use illustrations, charts, diagrams, and slides to reinforce learning Engage with face to face interaction Give her colored markers and highlighters. If she writes letters in color, she is more likely to visualize the words or story. Provide a quiet place for her to read and study Do not sit them close to a window where they can look out and be distracted While you are telling a story, have them write down a key word to make sure they are listening KINESTHETIC Do you know someone who jumps right into an activity without thinking twice about asking how to do it? Is he unusually coordinated? You can base these characters when the child is still young because they will all act this way. Does he touch, feel, and handle things? Show rather than tell? Likes to try things first. Do best by touching/feeling? Can learn things if up dancing while singing the song. They will not want to see a demonstration. Kinesthetic or tactile learners often learn best (by moving and doing) in labs and hand-on events. They learn best by MOVING. *Is good at sports *Can’t sit still for long *Is not great at spelling
  10. 10. Does not have a great handwriting *Likes science labs *Studies with loud music on *Likes adventure books and movies *Likes role playing *Takes breaks when studying Do not spend a lot of time reading *Lay on floor or bed to study Is involved in martial arts, dance *Is fidgety during lectures How to help a kinesthetic learner: kinestetic weaknesses: Vary instruction not only from day-to-day but also within a single class period. *Provide students with as many opportunities as your curriculum warrants to complete hands-on work. Allow students to role-play to gain further understanding of key concepts. *Provide students with the opportunity to work in small discussion groups as they study materials. *If possible, plan a field trip that can help reinforce key concepts. *Allow students to stretch partially through the class if they seem to become restless. Tell story while walking outside or moving around Let her act out the story Role playing Memory games Games that involve moving not sitting in a chair and having to be quiet While you are telling a story, give them a picture card and when you say a word (or pic word) they hold up their card TACTILE Do you know someone who doesn’t mind getting their hands dirty? Maybe loves jigsaw puzzles? Talk using hand motions? SAY…The tactile is almost joined with the kinesthetic learning. Both styles involve bodily movement and are very similar but the tactile style is more moderate. They are usually in the same category because they are active in some way. It involves the sense of touch, and fine motor movements, rather than the large, whole-body movements through the sense of touch and feeling, and generally has good eye-hand coordination. Tactile likes to put models together and tear things apart and put them back together again to understand how it works. Tactile learners have active hands. They fiddle with buttons and explore objects. Great with building things. LEARNS BEST BY DOING
  11. 11. *They enjoy manipulatives *Finger paint *Art materials *Building projects Hands on science experiments Making their own books *Is fidgety during lectures *Gets bored easily *Needs to be touching something *Loves flash cards *Loves Drawing How to help a tactile learner: tactile weaknesses: Need to have something in hand that represent the story while you tell the story *Like picture cards to hold When telling a story use sequence cards. When you are through telling the story, let the child put the story in sequence. They need to use their hands. *Learns better sitting in a bean bag rather than a hard chair Make lesson short then have an activity like role playing They like to imitate Doesn’t like videos While telling story talk about how that person felt in the story (like emotions) *Use gestures when giving explanation or directions Have modeling clay and let them make a character from the story *Make sounds like the wind when you are telling the story or jump when you say the word scared *Loves games (DON’T HIT BUTTON) When I taught, I made sure to reach all learning styles. It isn’t easy but can be done. It just takes time and research. The internet has so much info on it. When I talking about the Indians, we would do a rain dance, cook flap jacks, and make a word picture book. When we talked about the colonial times, we would do their games, make homemade butter, sing their songs, and listen to tapes from that time period. We would play games. I made a lot of my games. If I taught adjectives, I would have them to come to the board circle an adjective, listen to a tape that might have a lot of adj in it and they would have to write down as many as they could from the song. When we talked about the Bosten Tea Party, I would bring in cups, and tea bags and let them have tea (without sugar) because of the Sugar Act. LET’S REVIEW ASK THEM QUESTIONS AND LET THEM ANSWER
  12. 12. 1.) Who has to get up and move around or you may call them a behavioral problem but really they aren’t. They just need to get up and learn by moving or they get bored. KINESTETIC 2.) Don’t learn much by lecture alone: VISUAL 3.) Who has to think awhile before understanding: VISUAL 4.) Who likes role playing? KINESTETIC 5.) Who can follow spoken directions? AUDITORY 6.) Who cannot follow spoken directions? VISUAL 7.) Who learns best by discussions? AUDITORY 8.) Who likes to learn by using their hands? TACTILE 9.) Who needs to be touching? TACTILE An auditory learner would prefer to hear a presentation or explain something, and tend to have level eye movement A visual learner learns by writing, visualizing and drawing images. May speak rapidly and tend to look upwards when you do. A kinesthetic learner tends to look down but is often a fidget, and appreciates regular breaks, and maybe use hands while talking and move around as they talk or read. (HIT BUTTON AND HANDOUT) SAY… Memory retention is rated at 75% when they practice by doing and 90%where they teach and learn from one another. What does this mean? It means that you need to let your adults/children interact in class. Answer questions on a card, ask one friend a question about the subject and see if he/she can answer it. We communicate 93% of the time non-verbally. (38% of the 93% is through our tone of voice, and 55% of the 93% is through body language alone.) Think about the significance of those percentages. We are communicating all the time even if we aren't verbalizing. (A picture really is worth a thousand words.) When teachers understand students learning styles and adjust your teaching to those styles, students will learn. You can’t be someone that talks to the class then have the students write in their books or complete a sheet on what you just talked about. THEY DID NOT GET WHAT YOU WERE SAYING. THEY ARE DOING THE SHEET BECAUSE YOU TOLD THEM TO BUT THEY DID NOT LEARN IT. THEY MAY BE ABLE TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BUT WHY SPEND YOUR TIME PLANNING WHEN TOMORROW THEY HAVE NO IDEA WHAT YOU SAID BECAUSE THEY CAN’T REMEMBER IT?? If that is all you did, only a hand full of students would be learning. Your class would be
  13. 13. called boring and no one would show up or they would show up because their parents made them but the children would not be learning. Same for adults. They could be coming because they know they should but not really getting anything from the class because all you do is talk. You are reaching one learning style when you talk called Auditory but you are not reaching EVERYONE. Learning styles forces us to rethink how we teach and adjust to the way God made people—not the way He made us. Each person learning styles is as unique as a signature. When a person is successful in his/her preferred style, he/she will be willing to dare things that fall outside his/her strength area. On the other hand, if the person is never taught within his/her style, she may assume she’s dumb. She may give up. I reached all learning styles through my lesson today. EFFECTIVE TEACHERS, LEADERS, OR VOLUNTEERS RESIST THE TENDENCY TO TEACH TO ONLY ONE TYPE OF LEARNER? *THE QUESTION IS… HOW EFFECTIVE WILL YOU BE? TAKE THIS HOME AND SEE WHICH STYLE YOU LEARN BEST And if you want, let your whole ministry team or children/spouse take the test. There are a lot of online questionnaires to see which learning style you prefer. The one I gave you was just a small reference. Make sure when you teach that you focus on all learning styles so you reach everyone. (HAND OUT THE “LEARNING STYLES” CHART) Some use different styles in different circumstances. ADDITIONAL LESSON but with NO POWER POINT ALWAYS BE PREPARED (Spiritually Fit) A firefighter must always be PREPARED to go put out fires or help people. What does “prepared” mean? It means making sure you’re ready. A firefighter always has to be ready, even when he is doing other things. When a fire alarm sounds, he has to stop whatever he is doing and run out the door. Think about it. No matter what a firefighter is doing: eating, sleeping, or whatever, he has to stop, jump on his truck and run to a call. That’s why a firefighter must think ahead and plan everything he does, knowing he might have to stop in the middle and respond to a call. Get a volunteer. Meet firefighter Kelly. Imagine that Kelly has had a long day fighting fires, rescuing people, and saving little kittens. Firefighter Kelly is tired and wants to sleep,
  14. 14. so he/she isn’t going to worry about being ready for the next call. He/she knows that a call may come when he/she will have to go fight a fire or maybe tell someone about Jesus, but he/she isn’t worrying too much about being prepared. Are you fit for duty? Firefighters must keep fit, physically and spiritually. We must constantly practice, review, drill, and improve in order to be effective. Are you fit as a Christian? How can you be “fit” spiritually? Have volunteer to sit back down. 2 Timothy 2:15 “ Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth.” OR 2 Timothy 4:2A “Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season. (show hang motions) Preaching means that we tell other people about Jesus. When the Bible says we should be prepared to preach the Word, it means that we should always be ready to tell people about Jesus. In that way, we’re like firefighters. How could firefighter Kelly be spiritually fit? We will call these the 5BX (5 Basic Exericises). 1. Read the Word of God, (remember Bible verses, develop the habit of reading the Word daily), 2. Spend time in pray (As you read the Word of God, pray for wisdom, pray daily for forgiveness and opportunity to speak to the lost), 3. Sing Praises (Make praising God in song a part of your daily devotional, sing while you drive or work) 4. Fellowship with Brethren (assemble together with Christians every opportunity you can) 5. Do Good Works (share the gospel with the lost, utilize your resources (time, money, talents). What would happen to fire victims if firefighters weren’t prepared at all times to rescue them? They would get hurt or die. What will happen if you’re not prepared to tell someone about Jesus? Will you be able to help them escape from hell? NO. Unless people give their lives to Jesus, there is NO WAY for them to go to heaven. If WE tell people about Jesus, we can be like firefighters, because we’re helping to rescue people from the fire of hell. That’s why we have to always be ready to tell others about Jesus, even when we don’t think we will have to. Firefighters need to be ready for a call at anytime. They never know when the alarm is going to go off. If they aren’t prepared, it could hurt someone. We are called to help save others from the fires of sin, but if we aren’t prepared to answer the call it might mean someone doesn’t ever come to know Christ as their Savior. Will you be prepared when the call comes? (if time, show Resist Temptation video)