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  1. 1. Mesopotamia “between the rivers”Also known as the :-Fertile Crescent-Cradle of CivilizationFlooding=ideal for farming(unpredictable).Tigris & Euphrates providedideal conditions for humansettlement. Location!, Location!, Location!
  2. 2. City-StatesCITY-STATES: Cities grewup at different points along Regions/Kingdomsthe Tigris & Euphrates Sumer=Sumeriansrivers. Each city acted as“state” with its own special Assyria=Assyriansgod or goddess, its own Babylonia=Babyloniansgovernment, andeventually its own king.
  3. 3. SumerModern city(traffic jams, plumbing, merchants)Sumerian Religion - Ziggurats (ladders for gods) - Polytheism (many gods)*Unfortunately for Sumer, thewealth of the city-states becametheir downfall. They began to fighteach other over land and, Sumerian Zigguratespecially the use of the rivers.Became weak=fell to the Babylonians
  4. 4. Babylonia● King Hammurabi ➢ Powerful king that united the cities of Sumer under one ruler. ➢ Babylonia became a trading/military powerhouse.
  5. 5. Hammurabis Code What would our 12 world look like 10 without laws? 8Hammurabi developed a 6law system that set rules 4for all to follow. 2-282 laws 0(trade, labor, property, and family)“Eye for an Eye”
  6. 6. If any one is committing a robbery and iscaught, then he shall be put to death.
  7. 7. If a slave says to his master: "You are not my master," if theyconvict him his master shall cut off his ear.
  8. 8. If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and thehouse which he built fall in andkill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.
  9. 9. If a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open atumor with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off.
  10. 10. AssyriaB/C they were constantlydefending themselves,the Assyrians becameskilled warriors.
  11. 11. Cuneiform● Cuneiform was a writing system developed in Mesopotamia. Scribes carved symbols into clay that had diff. Meanings.● They used cuneiform a variety of different reasons, but mostly to keep records. (sales, trades, taxes, marriages, deaths)