Mesopotamia “between the rivers”Also known as the :-Fertile Crescent-Cradle of CivilizationFlooding=ideal for farming(unpredictable).Tigris & Euphrates providedideal conditions for humansettlement. Location!, Location!, Location!
City-StatesCITY-STATES: Cities grewup at different points along Regions/Kingdomsthe Tigris & Euphrates Sumer=Sumeriansrivers. Each city acted as“state” with its own special Assyria=Assyriansgod or goddess, its own Babylonia=Babyloniansgovernment, andeventually its own king.
SumerModern city(traffic jams, plumbing, merchants)Sumerian Religion - Ziggurats (ladders for gods) - Polytheism (many gods)*Unfortunately for Sumer, thewealth of the city-states becametheir downfall. They began to fighteach other over land and, Sumerian Zigguratespecially the use of the rivers.Became weak=fell to the Babylonians
Babylonia● King Hammurabi ➢ Powerful king that united the cities of Sumer under one ruler. ➢ Babylonia became a trading/military powerhouse.
Hammurabis Code What would our 12 world look like 10 without laws? 8Hammurabi developed a 6law system that set rules 4for all to follow. 2-282 laws 0(trade, labor, property, and family)“Eye for an Eye”
If any one is committing a robbery and iscaught, then he shall be put to death.
If a slave says to his master: "You are not my master," if theyconvict him his master shall cut off his ear.
If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and thehouse which he built fall in andkill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.
If a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open atumor with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off.
AssyriaB/C they were constantlydefending themselves,the Assyrians becameskilled warriors.
Cuneiform● Cuneiform was a writing system developed in Mesopotamia. Scribes carved symbols into clay that had diff. Meanings.● They used cuneiform a variety of different reasons, but mostly to keep records. (sales, trades, taxes, marriages, deaths)