Definition:Plagiarism is the act ofpresenting thewords, ideas,images, sounds, orthe creativeexpressions ofothers as your own.Image from:http://library.austincc.edu/gen-info/facplagiarism.htm
Two types of plagiarism: Intentional Ex. Copying a friend’swork Borrowing or buyinga paper Cutting and pastingtext directly into yourpaper Unintentional Ex. Poor paraphrasing Poor citation orforgetting to cite Using too manyquotes( more than50% of the paper isjust quotes)
Possible school consequencesfor plagiarizing work: “F” on theassignment Suspension orexpulsion fromschool Dismissal fromschool or sportsactivities
How to avoid plagiarism: Cite or credit yoursource. This is calledattribution, whichmeans giving anauthor credit for theirwork or ideas. Paraphrase the work:that means writingdown the informationin your own words.
Do you have to cite everythingon a paper? No! Facts that arewidely known, orinformation orjudgmentsconsidered“commonknowledge”Do NOT have to bedocumented. Ex: GeorgeWashington was thefirst president of theU.S.A.
You also don’t have to cite Your original ideas,reactions orobservations Results from youroriginal research orscience experiment Ex: When I did myscience experiment Ifound… From myexperience, Ibelieve…
If I paraphrase stuff do I have tocite my source? Yes! Even thoughyou are re-writingthings in your ownwords, you are stillborrowing someoneelse’s idea. You areallowed to use otherpeople’s work forpapers but youMUST cite thesource.
Ways you can use otherpeople’s work in your paperwithout plagiarizing: Quoting Paraphrasing Summarizing
QuotationsQuotations are the exactwords of an author,copied directly from asource, word for word.Quotations must becited!However, you want to limitthe amount of directquotes in your work. Having too manyquotes is the same ascopy and pastingsomeone’s work andclaiming it as your own.
Paraphrasing Paraphrasingmeans rephrasingthe words of anauthor, puttinghis/her thoughts inyour own words. Must be cited. Simply changing afew words around isnot paraphrasing!
Let’s look at an example ofwhat good paraphrasing is. Click on the link below: http://web.archive.org/web/20090201070323/http://richmond.k12.va.us/schools/jones/Copyright-Kids/text3.htm
Summarizing Involves putting themain ideas of one ormore authors in yourown words Focuses on themain points Again must be cited.
How do you citeinformation: There are manyformats for citinginformation. Your teacher will tellyou which format touse. Typically, you mustinclude the author’sname, title of work,and year it waspublished. When you givecredit for a webpage, it is done asfollows: Author. Title of webpage. Web pageaddress Copyrightyear.