Anatomy The Skull


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Skull deck for anatomy class.

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  • Grad for drawing skulls by J. Francis
  • Skull perspectiveby CAS
  • Image illustrating Robert Beverly Hales’s 5 eyes across measure.
  • Stan Prokopenko
  • Pancho Simpson
  • Anatomy The Skull

    1. 1. Skull<br />Week 3<br />Sites of Interest for skull drawings<br />Honoria Starbuck Art Institute of Austin Anatomy and Drawing<br />
    2. 2. Leonardo da Vinci<br />Contemporary artist J. Francis<br />Methods for measuring are handed down through the ages.<br />
    3. 3. When studying the perspective of your subject, first establish the horizon line (purple) - which is horizontal - is situated.<br /> Once this is placed, all reference lines below and above your horizon line should converge on imagined vanishing points to either side of the subject. <br />
    4. 4.
    5. 5. How to Draw the Head From Any Angle<br />Stan Prokopenko<br /><br />
    6. 6. Visualizing the underlying forms<br />The head deconstructed into its basic form<br /> a sphere as the cranium and a block as the jaw and cheek bones.<br />
    7. 7. A Sphere as the Cranium<br />The sides of the head are flat, so we can slice off a piece from both sides of the ball. <br />From profile, this plane will be a perfect circle, but when drawing it from any other angle, it will appear to be an oval because of perspective. <br />Divide this oval into quadrants. The vertical line represents the beginning of the jaw. The horizontal line represents the brow line.<br />
    8. 8. A Block as the Jaw and Cheek Bones<br />Attach the shape of the jaw. <br />The top will start at the brow line and the back will start at the center of the oval.<br />This is a 3-D volume with a front plane, side planes, and bottom plane (bottom plane is seen from some angles).<br />
    9. 9. Step 1 - Determine the angle of the ball<br />The angle of the head is established at the very beginning of the drawing with the ball. All three axes must be addressed:<br />Up & Down<br />Side to Side<br />Twist<br />
    10. 10. Step 2 - Find the thirds<br />After establishing the angle of the ball, divide the face into thirds. <br />The distance between the hairline and brow-line should be the same as the distance between the brow-line and bottom of the nose. <br />Add that same distance to find the chin. <br />Imagine the head as a box. <br />The thirds must be wrapped around the side plane and front plane. <br />
    11. 11.
    12. 12. Step 3 - Add the jaw<br />Make sure to measure your thirds correctly and that they relate correctly to the ball.<br />A common mistake at this point is to make the jaw too long in comparison to the ball. <br />
    13. 13. Step 4 - Add the features<br />With a basic structure established, it becomes easier to add features in the right places.<br />
    14. 14. Pancho Simpson<br />
    15. 15. Emilie Lee<br />
    16. 16. Source URLs<br />OriginalFake t-shirt design<br />Grid for drawing skulls by J. Francis<br />Stan Prokopenko head tutorial<br />Skull perspectiveby CAS<br />Pancho Simpson<br />Emily Lee<br />