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Umati: Monitoring online  dangerous speech       Angela Crandall       Kagonya Awori
Umati Projecto Monitor dangerous speech onlineo The influence online hate speech had on the 2007  elections encouraged the...
Umati Project : Goalso To set a definition of hate/dangerous speech that  can be incorporated into the constitution.o To f...
Why dangerous speech?o Incomprehensive definition of hate speech under  the National Cohesion and Integration Act, 2008.  ...
Tenets of dangerous speecho Powerful speaker             with     influence   over   an  audience.o An audience vulnerable...
Umati : Methodologyo Use of human monitorso Scan blogs, forums, online newspapers and social media  pageso Record : speake...
Interesting findings1. Prominence of moderately dangerous speech       35%                         52%                    ...
Interesting findings2. Dominance of identifiable commenters      NOVEMBE            91%      R                            ...
Interesting findings   3. The call to discriminate is the main call to action                                             ...
Future Worko Project runs until the end of Aprilo Hosting more media events to promote  civic educationo Adding another mo...
?www.research.ihub.co.ke
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  1. 1. Umati: Monitoring online dangerous speech Angela Crandall Kagonya Awori
  2. 2. Umati Projecto Monitor dangerous speech onlineo The influence online hate speech had on the 2007 elections encouraged the birth of Umati.o Also, growing internet use in Kenya: - 82.7% increase over 12 months betweenJune 2011 and June 2012. - Half the internet users are on Facebook.
  3. 3. Umati Project : Goalso To set a definition of hate/dangerous speech that can be incorporated into the constitution.o To forward incidences of dangerous speech to Uchaguzi to limit further harm.o To define a process for election monitoring that can be replicated elsewhere.o To further civic education on hate /dangerous speech
  4. 4. Why dangerous speech?o Incomprehensive definition of hate speech under the National Cohesion and Integration Act, 2008. (sections 13 and 52) o Ethnicity, nationality or race o Intent or likelihood Source: http://www.cohesion.or.ke/images/downloads/unpacking%20hate%20speech.pdf
  5. 5. Tenets of dangerous speecho Powerful speaker with influence over an audience.o An audience vulnerable to incitement. e.g. fearfulnesso Meaning of the speech acto Conducive social and historical contexto Influential medium of dissemination.(Prof Susan Benesch, American University)
  6. 6. Umati : Methodologyo Use of human monitorso Scan blogs, forums, online newspapers and social media pageso Record : speaker, influence, inflammatory, platform, contento Group into 3 categories: • Offensive speech • Moderately Dangerous speech • Extremely Dangerous speecho Critical incidents (calls for help) are forwarded to Uchaguzi www.research.ihub.co.ke
  7. 7. Interesting findings1. Prominence of moderately dangerous speech 35% 52% 43% OCT NOV DEC N= 774 N = 792 N = 432 34% 33% 31% 27% 21% 24%Offensive speech Moderately Dangerous speech Extremely Dangerous speech
  8. 8. Interesting findings2. Dominance of identifiable commenters NOVEMBE 91% R 6% ( n= 792) 3% 0.2% DECEMBER ( n= 432) 0.2% 5% 1%53% 6% 1% 0% 2% 0.005% 39% 92%1% OCTOBER ( n=769)
  9. 9. Interesting findings 3. The call to discriminate is the main call to action 1% 12% 2% NOVEMBER 6% 79% 1% 10% DECEMBER 1% 5% 87% 1% 84% 8% 1% 2% OCTOBERDiscriminate Kill Riot Beat Forcefully evict
  10. 10. Future Worko Project runs until the end of Aprilo Hosting more media events to promote civic educationo Adding another monitor to represent the Somali community + weekend monitoringo Sharing the reports: media events, mailing lists, iHub Research blog
  11. 11. ?www.research.ihub.co.ke
  • izak.minnaar

    Feb. 5, 2013

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