Vocabulary for Essay WritingCommon Connectives to connect/link multiplex sentencesADDITION SEQUENCE CONSEQUENCE CONTRASTin addition toandsimilarlylikewiseas well asbesidesanotherfurthermorealsomoreoverand thentoonot only.....alsoevenbesides this/thatin the same wayfirst(ly)initiallyin the first stage / phaseone reason / advantageto begin withsecond(ly) etcin the second stage / phaseanother reason / advantagethenearlier / laterafter this / thatat this pointfollowing this / thatfollowing this / thata further reason / advantagein the final stage / phasethe final reason / advantageas a resultthussothereforeconsequentlyit follows thattherebyeventuallythenin that caseadmittedlyHoweveron the other handdespitein spite ofthoughalthoughbuton the contraryotherwiseyetinstead ofratherwhereasnonethelesseven thoughcompared within contrastalternativelyCERTAINTY CONDITION DEFINITION SUMMARYobviouslycertainlyplainlyof courseundoubtedlyifunlesswhetherprovided thatfor, so that,whetherdepending onisrefers tomeansthat isconsists ofsuch aslikein conclusionin summarylastly, finallyto sum upto concludeto recapitulatein shortEXAMPLE REASON/CAUSE & EFFECT TIME TIME: Continuedfor instanceone examplejust asin particularsuch asnamelyto illustrateSince, as, so,because (of)due toowing tothe reason whyin other wordsleads tocause of/ causedbeforefromsince, asuntilmeanwhileat the momentwhenwheneveras soon asjust aspresentlyat the presentcurrentlyParagraph Development paragraphing (minimum 3 and maximum 6-8 paragraphs) ( maintain logical order throughout) (one paragraph= one idea= related arguments/supporting detail + point of view+ related Examples)Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5Introduction > Main Idea One > Main Idea Two > Counter Idea > Conclusion
Writing conclusion:Make your conclusion short, easy and fast.1. OpinionFor the reasons mentioned above, I believe that... (+ repeat your opinion).2. Discussion (+ Opinion)In conclusion, there are convincing arguments both for and against... (topic), but I believe that... (if the question asks foryour opinion).3. Advantages and DisadvantagesIn conclusion, I would argue that the benefits of... (Topic) outweigh the drawbacks.4. Problem and SolutionIn conclusion, it is clear that there are various reasons for... (topic), and steps need to be taken to tackle this problem.Vocabulary:Account for Explain why something is as it is.Analyze Describe various parts and how they relate to each other. Give ideas for and against.Assess Critically give worth or value to something.Comment on Discuss and explain and give opinion on ideas expressed.Compare Describe similarities between two or more things.Contrast Describe differences between two or more things.Compare and Contrast Describe similarities and then differences between two or more things.Criticize Give your views and show supporting reasoning.Define Give the meaning of something.Describe Provide a detailed account of something.Discuss Give opinion and compare and contrast and reach a conclusion.Evaluate Provide an opinion with evidence to give worth to something.Examine Divide up and describe the parts of something.Explain Give clear information on something.Hypothesize Make up imaginary ideas as a basis for testing conclusions. (supposition)Illustrate Give examples, figures or diagram to clearly show clarity of meaning.Integrate Bring together and link two or more things which were not necessarily linked before.Interpret Make the meaning of something clear.Justify Give reasons for opinions or ideas.List Provide a group of items in a required order.Outline Not detailed, just the main points only.Prove To show the truth of a statement using argument and justification.Relate Compare and contrast two or more ideas or thingsReview To look at and critically examine something.Show Provide reasons and causesState Give out clear and concise ideas.Suggest Provide ideas and then support them with ideas and facts.Summarize Provide just the main ideas as in Outline.Trace Show a connection of development from the start.