qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmq Language and the Internetwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuio By David Crystalpasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwerty Reviewed by: Hina Javaiduiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc Roll# 100884006vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiop
Book Review of Language And The Internet Book: Language and the Internet Written by: David Crystal Published by: Cambridge University Press Publishing Year: 2001With the advent of 21st century, the new third medium of communication, first beingwritten and second spoken discourse, allured linguists to probe deep into its genre. Thelanguage used on the internet is that of real people of great diversity, whose output islargely slang or in other terms has no proofreading or editing by the publisher, writer orthe professional.David Crystal, a prolific writer and one of the worlds eminent linguists, is a professor oflinguistics in the United Kingdom and has produced many scholarly volumes such as TheCambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. In his 2001 book” Language and theInternet” Crystal provides a comprehensive summary of the components of a newmedium. Being a genuine avant-garde linguist, he explores the idea that the internetutilizes a new mode of language, with an insight into the nature of digital language.Crystal outlines the linguistic hybrid of the internet language as “something that isneither speech nor writing, but a very curious amalgam of the two...." He looksprofoundly into each of the Internets "genres" i.e. the distinctive methods used forcommunication on internet like web pages, e-mail, asynchronous discussion forums suchas mailing lists, synchronous chat such as instant messaging, and virtual reality worldssuch as MUDs or multiuser dungeons. This genre is not still established and is in state offlux but Crystal‟s treatment and non-gloom-and-doom attitude make it refreshing andaccessible to the layman.Crystal adopts the term „Netspeak‟ for the type of language used on the internet, inchartrooms and in messaging such as msn messenger and devotes two chapters to it. Inthe first chapter he gives a general introduction to this medium with a linguisticperspective. He introduces the need and advent of this „third medium‟ in first half of the MS Applied Linguistics, UMT, Lahore.
Book Review of Language And The Internetfirst chapter with a sheer glance at the genre of internet. The second half of the firstchapter and second chapter full covers „Netspeak‟ and general features of Netspeak.Netspeak language uses a combination of abbreviations (including words created usingdigits as well as alphabetic characters), acronyms and emoticons to speed up the typing ofmessages. While using Netspeak, Crystal notes the reproduction of the effects of prosodyand paralanguage in the use of repeated letters and punctuation marks, use of capitalletters, spacing and smiley. He states, “Although Netspeak tries to be like speech… itremains some distance from it” (p, 41). Crystal furnishes his description of Netspeak asfuture-prospect change in the field of language and sacks the notion that this medium isan illitrate and dumbed-down language. In chapter 3 he tries to create a distinctivelanguage community with a title “Finding an identity”. The next chapter (4) is devoted tothe discussion of language used in e-mails, chatgroups (chapter 5), virtual worlds (chapter 6) and the language of the web (chapter 7). The last chapter (chapter 8) isendowed with a good speculation on the future of the genre.The book comprises on 272 pages in thoroughly readable and apprehensible style.Crystal‟s method is relatively descriptive but the stuffing for description is limited. Hispresentation is reliant on his personal experiences as he takes only his own personalsample e-mails for study. Crystal, as a linguist, doesnt try to relate the changes in thismedium with any linguistic theory except than use of Grice‟s theory to explain thecooperative nature of conversation.The book initially seems to be a useful survey of the language used in different genres ofthe Internet and provides an academic review, well referenced and footnoted, and also agood foundation of future studies. Crystal‟s attempt in clarifying aspects of the styles andabbreviations used in e-communication is that of documenting, rather than of influencingthe styles. It is noteworthy that Crystal raises the question of the effectiveness of internetlanguage but he didn‟t try to answer it, rather he leaves this question for further research.In his 2009 book, Txtng: The Gr8 Db8, he elaborates this medium as an art of texting,language technology and its effects on literacy, language, and society with a scholarlyperspective, which itself paves way for the future researches. MS Applied Linguistics, UMT, Lahore.