Contemporary and future skills and competencies for well rounded individuals
Contemporary and FutureInterdisciplinary Skills for Well-Rounded StudentsPRODUCING GLOBALLY COMPETENT AND WORLD-CLASS STUDENTS IN NEPAL HOMRAJ ACHARYA
12 SKILL SETS FOR WELL-ROUNDED STUDENTS Critical thinking and problem Global awareness skills solving skills Financial, economic, business and Communication and entrepreneurial skills collaboration skills Civic, health and environmental Information, media and skills technology skills Life and career skills Flexibility, adaptability, initiative Social and cross-cultural skills and self-direction skills Productivity and accountability Innovativeness and creativity skills skills Leadership and responsibility skills
Reason EffectivelyUse various types ofreasoning (inductive,deductive, etc.) asappropriate to thesituationUse SystemsThinkingAnalyze how parts of awhole interact with eachother to produce overalloutcomes in complex SET ONE:systems CRITICAL THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING
MAKE JUDGMENTS AND DECISIONS Effectively analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims and beliefs Analyze and evaluate major alternative points of view Synthesize and make connections between information and arguments Interpret information and draw conclusions based on the best analysis Reflect critically on learning experiences and processesCRITICALTHINKING AND SOLVE PROBLEMSPROBLEM Solve different kinds of non-SOLVING familiar problems in both conventional and innovative ways(Set 1, continued) Identify and ask significant questions that clarify various points of view and lead to better solutions
Communicate Clearly SET TWO:Articulate thoughts andideas effectively using oral,written and nonverbal COMMUNICATION ANDcommunication skills in avariety of forms andcontexts COLLABORATIONListen effectively todecipher meaning, includingknowledge, values, attitudesand intentionsUse communication for arange of purposes (e.g. toinform, instruct, motivateand persuade)Utilize multiple media andtechnologies, and know howto judge their effectiveness apriori as well as assess theirimpactCommunicate effectively indiverse environments(including multi-lingual)
Collaborate withOthers COMMUNICATION AND COLLABORATIONDemonstrate ability to (Set 2, continued)work effectively andrespectfully with diverseteamsExercise flexibility andwillingness to be helpfulin making necessarycompromises toaccomplish a commongoalAssume sharedresponsibility forcollaborative work, andvalue the individualcontributions made byeach team member
Access andEvaluateInformationTo be effective in the 21stcentury, citizens andworkers must be able toexhibit a range offunctional and criticalthinking skills related toinformation, media andtechnology , including: Accessing informationefficiently (time) andeffectively (sources) Evaluating SET THREE:information criticallyand competently INFORMATION, MEDIA AND TECHNOLOGY
INFORMATION, MEDIA AND TECHNOLOGYAnalyze (Set 3, continued)MediaUnderstand how and whymedia messages areconstructed, and for whatpurposesExamine how individualsinterpret messagesdifferently, how values andpoints of view areincluded or excluded, andhow media can influencebeliefs and behaviorsApply a fundamentalunderstanding of theethical/legal issuessurrounding the access anduse of media
INFORMATION, MEDIA AND TECHNOLOGY (Set 3, continued)Use and ManageInformation Use information accurately and creatively for the issue at hand Manage information flow from a variety of sources Apply a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues surrounding access and use of information
Create Media ProductsINFORMATION, Understand and utilize the most appropriate media creation tools, characteristics and conventionsMEDIA ANDTECHNOLOGY Understand and effectively utilize the most(Set 3, continued) appropriate expressions and interpretations in diverse, multi-cultural environments
ApplyTechnologyEffectively Use technology as a toolto research, organize,evaluate and communicateinformation Use digital technologies(computers, PDAs, mediaplayers, GPS, etc.),communication/networkingtools and social networksappropriately to access,manage, integrate, evaluateand create information tosuccessfully function in aknowledge economy Apply a fundamentalunderstanding of the INFORMATION, MEDIA ANDethical/legal issuessurrounding the access and TECHNOLOGY SKILLSuse of informationtechnologies (Set 3, continued)
Adapt to ChangeAdapt to varied roles, jobsresponsibilities, schedulesand contextsWork effectively in aclimate of ambiguity andchanging prioritiesBe Flexible Incorporate feedbackeffectivelyDeal positively with praise,setbacks and criticismUnderstand, negotiate andbalance diverse views and SET FOUR:beliefs to reach workablesolutions, particularly in FLEXIBILITY, ADAPTABILITY,multi-cultural environments INITIATIVE AND SELF-DIRECTION
Manage Goals andTimeSet goals with tangible andintangible success criteriaBalance tactical (short-term) andstrategic (long-term) goalsUtilize time and manage workloadefficientlyWork IndependentlyMonitor, define, prioritize andcomplete tasks without directoversightSelf-directed LearnersGo beyond basic mastery of skillsand/or curriculum to explore andexpand one’s own learning andopportunities to gain expertiseDemonstrate initiative to advanceskill levels towards a professionallevel FLEXIBILITY, ADAPTABILITY,Demonstrate commitment tolearning as a lifelong process INITIATIVE AND SELF-DIRECTIONReflect critically on pastexperiences in order to inform (Set 4, continued)future progress
Think …Creatively !Use a wide range of ideacreation techniques(such as brainstorming,FGDs, KII, ThinkingTree, etc.)Create new andworthwhile ideas (bothincremental and radicalconcepts)Elaborate, refine,analyze and evaluatetheir own ideas to SET FIVE:improve and maximize INNOVATIVENESS ANDcreative efforts CREATIVITY
Work Creatively with OthersDevelop, implement and communicate new ideas to others effectivelyBe open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives; incorporate group input and feedback into the workDemonstrate originality and inventiveness in work and understand the real world limits to adopting new ideasView failure as an opportunity to learn; understand that creativity and INNOVATIVENESS AND innovation is a long- term, cyclical process CREATIVITY of small successes and frequent mistakes (Set 5, continued)
ImplementInnovationsAct on creative ideas tomake a tangible anduseful contribution tothe field in which theinnovation will occur INNOVATIVENESS AND CREATIVITY (Set 5, Continued)
Understanding SET SIX:and addressing GLOBAL AWARENESSglobal issuesLearning from andworking collaborativelywith individualsrepresenting diversecultures, religions andlifestyles in a spirit ofmutual respect and opendialogue in personal,work and communitycontextsUnderstanding othernations and cultures,including the use of non-Nepali languages
SET SEVEN: FINANCIAL, ECONOMIC,• Knowing how to BUSINESS ANDmake appropriate ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLSpersonal economicchoices• Understanding therole of the economy insociety• Usingentrepreneurial skillsto enhance workplaceproductivity andcareer options
Civic Engagement SET EIGHT:Participating effectively in CIVIC, HEALTH ANDcivic life through knowinghow to stay informed and ENVIRONMENTAL SKILLSunderstanding governmentalprocessesExercising rights andobligations of citizenship atlocal, state, national andglobal levelsUnderstanding local andglobal implications of civicdecisions
Health Skills CIVIC, HEALTH ANDObtaining, interpreting and ENVIRONMENTAL SKILLSunderstanding basic healthinformation and services (Set 8, continued)and using such informationand services in ways thatenhance healthUnderstanding preventivephysical and mental healthmeasures, including properdiet, nutrition, exercise, riskavoidance and stressreductionUsing available informationto make appropriate health-related decisionsEstablishing and monitoringpersonal and family healthgoalsUnderstanding national andinternational public healthand safety issues
CIVIC, HEALTH ANDEnvironmental Skills ENVIRONMENTAL SKILLSDemonstrate knowledgeand understanding of (Set 8, continued)environment and conditionsaffecting it, particularly asrelates to air, climate, land,food, energy, water andecosystemsDemonstrate knowledgeand understanding ofsociety’s impact on thenatural world (e.g.,population growth,development, resourceconsumption rate, etc.)Investigate and analyzeenvironmental issues, andmake accurate conclusionsabout effective solutionsTake individual andcollective action towardsaddressing environmentalchallenges (e.g.,participating in globalactions, designing solutionsthat inspire action onenvironmental issues)
Today’s life and work SET NINE:environments require farmore than thinking skills LIFE AND CAREER SKILLSand content knowledge.The ability to navigatethe complex life andwork environments inthe globally competitiveinformation age requiresstudents to pay rigorousattention to developingadequate life and careerskills.
Interact Effectively SET TEN:with Others SOCIAL AND CROSS-CULTURALKnow when it is appropriateto listen and when to speak SKILLSBring out the best in othersWork Effectively inDiverse TeamsRespect cultural differencesand work effectively withpeople from a range ofsocial and culturalbackgrounds, bothdomestically andinternationallyRespond open-mindedly todifferent ideas and valuesLeverage social and culturaldifferences to create newideas and increase bothinnovation and quality ofwork
Set and meet goals, even SET ELEVEN: in the face of obstacles and competing pressures PRODUCTIVITY ANDPrioritize, plan and ACCOUNTABILITY manage work to achieve the intended resultWork positively and ethicallyParticipate actively, as well as be reliable and punctualPresent oneself professionally and with proper etiquetteCollaborate and cooperate effectively with teamsRespect and appreciate team diversityBe accountable for results
Guide and Lead OthersUse interpersonal andproblem-solving skills toinfluence and guide otherstoward joint and personalgoalsLeverage strengths of othersto accomplish a commongoal Inspire others to reach theirvery best via example andselflessnessDemonstrate integrity andethical behavior in usinginfluence and powerBe Responsible toOthersAct responsibly with theinterests of the largercommunity in mind SET TWELVE: RESPONSIBILITIES OF LEADERSHIP
Multi-Sector Application of 21st Century Skill Sets WHAT COULD THIS MEAN FOR THE CLASSROOM?
SKILL SET ONECritical thinking and problemsolving would be a one- to two-day seminar where studentsfrom BA, MBA , EMBA etcwould participate. It could beoffered to different groups ondifferent days as well.Discuss how to …Reason EffectivelyLearn various types of reasoning(inductive, deductive, etc.) asappropriate to the situationUse Systems ThinkingAnalyze how parts of a wholeinteract with each other toproduce overall outcomes incomplex systems
Classroom implementation can involve … Case studies Role playing Games Analysis task Real world problem solving. A list of issues will be developed with the students involving examples from the public sector, nonprofit world and business world. Students will be grouped into several teams and have a month to work on this project.
Student PortfolioThis project will be connected with the other topics of the skillsseminars and related work, and at the end of the year students willhave developed a strong portfolio that represents their knowledge,skills, achievements and qualifications across multiple sectors andskill sets.