Animal Nutrition Wiki


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Animal Nutrition Wiki

  1. 1. Animal Nutrition Wiki<br />By: Jace & Nathan<br />
  2. 2. Nutrition<br />Definition- Process in which animals consume and utilize food.<br />Provides a balanced diet and supports the life processes of the animal.<br />A direct correlation between proper nutrition and weight of grain, also known as feed efficiency.<br />
  3. 3. Feed Efficiency<br />Livestock Producers<br />Monitor animal nutrition to decreases the number of days to slaughter.<br />Companion Animal<br />Limit amount of feed to maintain animal health.<br />
  4. 4. Balanced Ration<br />Goal is to provide animal with all nutrients needed for proper growth.<br />Total amount of feed the animal gets in one day.<br />
  5. 5. The Essential Nutrients<br />Needed to insure life and provide energy.<br />Without, problems may occur during<br />Reproduction <br />Lactation <br />Body mass<br />Maturity time<br />6 Essential Nutrients:<br />Water<br />Carbohydrates<br />Lipids(Fats)<br />Proteins<br />Minerals<br />Vitamins<br />
  6. 6. Water<br />Vital process where it dissolves nutrients and acts as a carrier of nutrients within the body.<br />Also controls the body temperature of the animal.<br />Makes up 40-80% of the animals nutrition. <br />A clean water supply is best for rapid growth and efficient production.<br />Younger animals need up to 80-90% of water which makes it THE MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT!<br />
  7. 7. Carbohydrates<br />This nutrient is the main energy source. <br />Produces body heat while providing energy to the body.<br />Carbohydrates have two groups, simple and complex. <br />Simple contain things such as sugars and starches.<br />Complex contain cellulose and fiber.<br />The extra carbohydrates that aren’t burned off turn into fat. <br />Obtained by: alfalfa, corn, sugars, and pasture.<br />
  8. 8. Lipids(Fats)<br />Provide twice as much energy and heat than carbohydrates.<br />This nutrient is easily digested. <br />Obtained by: oats, cotton seeds, and distiller grains.<br />
  9. 9. Protein<br />The main source of repairingand maintaining bodily functions.<br />Such as hair, skin, muscles<br />Essential for fetal development.<br />Made by amino acids.<br />Monogastric animals have to take in amino acids whereas Ruminants make their own. <br />Obtained by: meat and bone meal, soybean meal, and corn meal.<br />
  10. 10. Minerals<br />Provide rapid growth of bones, teeth, tissue, and etc.<br />These regulate chemical processes while making body functions happen.<br />There are two types of minerals, macro and micro minerals.<br />Macro minerals are needed in large amounts, whereas micro are needed in small.<br />Obtained by: mineral supplements, wheat, and hay.<br />
  11. 11. Vitamins<br />Supplies animals with important nutrients that help repair and perform other body functions.<br />These are needed in small amounts, but are very helpful to the animals.<br />Two types of Vitamins are fat-soluble and water-soluble. <br />Obtained through supplements.<br />
  12. 12. 5 Different Diets<br />Maintenance<br />Growth<br />Reproduction<br />Lactation<br />Work<br />
  13. 13. Maintenance<br />Used in animals in which weight maintenance is wanted.<br />High in carbs and fat, low in protein, minerals, and vitamins.<br />
  14. 14. Growth<br />Used when you want animal to fatten or gain weight.<br />Use many vitamins, minerals, protein.<br />
  15. 15. Reproduction<br />Used for animals from breeding to birth.<br />High in protein, vitamins, and minerals.<br />Feeding more than one animal.<br />
  16. 16. Lactation<br />All mammals after birth, produce milk.<br />Fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorous are needed.<br />
  17. 17. Work<br />Used for animals that are being grown for labor.<br />Salt, minerals, carbs, and vitamins are needed to keep animals healthy.<br />