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The Cold War was a much less nuclear ideological, political and military confrontation between the United States , representing the capitalist bloc and the Soviet Union , the Communist bloc , his name is because both blocks were unwilling to confront in a direct war , , so they sought to assert their interests in the peripheral countries (NATO - Warsaw Pact ) .
From the moment the two countries , completed the 2nd World War , dissolved their partnership when the Russian leader Stalin , seeking Soviet security, used the Red Army to control much of Eastern Europe, while U.S. President Truman tried to unify Europe West , breaking the agreements reached so far.
The main causes of the Cold War , John Lewis Gaddis notes taking absolutely incompatible positions at the international level , one representing capitalism , led by the United States, other communism , represented by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic , remaining constant tension , to which the leaders of both superpowers gave to certain circumstances, but not rushed into war , made it impossible to resolve their differences. It highlighting occurred during events such as the Korean War , the acquisition of nuclear technology by the USSR , the Missile Crisis , the Vietnam War and guerrilla movements in Latin America and Africa , for which accelerated in U.S. maintenance and expansion of the military-industrial complex and the global expansion of large U.S. companies.
This stage in the Cold War found the perfect opportunity to develop , as has wrote the revisionist historian Richard Barnet, ¨ U.S. prosperity since World War II has depended increasingly on the expansion abroad " , in this way , and " since the expansion of unlimited economy abroad is essential to the maintenance of freedom and prosperity in the country, the government ( U.S. ) has an obligation to promote a favorable climate for business in the world.