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Exploring Intelligent Enterprise System Limitations Incose 2007 Palmer 070624kdp04a



Presentation to INCOSE 2007 A meta-systems primer. See

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Exploring Intelligent Enterprise System Limitations Incose 2007 Palmer 070624kdp04a

  1. 1. Exploring Intelligent Enterprise System Limitations Kent D. Palmer INCOSE 2007 070625 [email_address]
  2. 2. Meta-system Primer <ul><li>Meta-systems are a different way to look at things than systems. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to be able to make the points of my paper it is necessary to understand Meta-systems viz Systems </li></ul><ul><li>This is a brief primer to allow the challenges that are cited in this presentation to be understood better </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two different Schemas Meta-System ≠ System of Systems System (Super-system) Sub-system
  4. 4. System and Meta-system Formalization Turning Machine Representation System dynamics with negative feedback “ Application” Normal Turing Machine System System dynamics with positive feedback “ Operating System” Universal Turing Machine Meta-system
  5. 5. Bataille “Accursed Share” <ul><li>General Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-system </li></ul><ul><li>International waters </li></ul><ul><li>Lawlessness of the high seas </li></ul><ul><li>Piracy, reflaging ships, contraband and smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted Economy </li></ul><ul><li>System </li></ul><ul><li>Nation states control what is within their borders, ideally </li></ul><ul><li>Really a meta-system inside = black and grey markets, barter and gift </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nested Systems and Meta-systems Russian Dolls: Shells are systems Spaces are meta-systems
  7. 7. Meta-system Characteristics + Positive Feedback + - Positive Feedback - SYSTEM Negative feedback loop Singularity > Folds continuity and discontinuity
  8. 8. Meta-System Partitions System Anti-System Origin Sink Source Boundary Horizon ARENA
  9. 9. Perceptual / Conceptual <ul><li>Gestalt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proto-gestalt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta-system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proto-flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta-process </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Open-Scape HORIZON G G G G SCAPE No movement One point of view PG
  11. 11. Gestalt vs Flow Figure Reference in background Flowing In Foreground Background foreground
  12. 12. Proto-gestalt / Proto-flow G G G G PG F F F F PF Static-dynamic Dynamic-Static view view view view
  13. 13. Complex systems do not capture the concept of the meta-system Systems Theory Complex Systems Complex Adaptive Systems Chaotic Systems Meta-systems Theory Complex Meta-systems Complex Adaptive Meta-systems Chaotic Meta-systems
  14. 14. SE should be grounded on Systems Theory Systems Engineering Discipline Systems Theory
  15. 15. Dual Disciplines Systems Engineering Discipline Systems Theory Meta-systems Engineering Discipline Meta-systems Theory
  16. 16. Hierarchy of Schemas Pluriverse Kosmos World Domain Meta-system Reflexive social Autopoietic Symbiotic Dissipative Ordering System Form Pattern Monad Facet
  17. 17. Holonomic Systems Meta-system = Whole less than the sum of its parts Reflexive Autopoietic Dissipative System = Whole greater than sum of is parts Special System = Whole equal to sum of parts
  18. 18. Emergent Engineering EXECSS LACK Produces Emergence or De-emergence Regardless of Schema
  19. 19. Emergent Meta-system Reflexive Autopoietic Dissipative Meta-system Emergence Sedenion Algebra Zero Divisors Octonion Algebra Quaternion Algebra Complex Algebra System Real Algebra <<lost conjugate << lost commutative << lost associative << lost division
  20. 20. Challenges <ul><li>Challenges to Systems Engineering in order to realize Intelligent Enterprises in its own practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to show that we can create Intelligent Systems Engineering Enterprises before we attempt to see the idea that we can System Engineer other Enterprises to be Intelligent </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Challenge One <ul><li>Systems Engineering must understand its own theoretical basis in Systems Theory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Systems Theory is not adequate, even with the addition of Complex Systems Theory, to deal with the reality of producing complex technological systems, less well complex human systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Complex Systems” does not leave the “System” schema </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Challenge Two <ul><li>Systems Engineering needs to develop Systems Theory in order to meet its needs and thereby extend it to other schemas besides systems, such as the meta-system schema. </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Engineering needs to understand the nature of General Economies or Meta-systems and how to deal with them practically. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Challenge Three <ul><li>Systems Engineering needs to become multi-schematic and transform itself into Emergent Engineering which focuses on producing emergent effects regardless of the schematic active media that is the target of its design and production activities. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Challenge Four <ul><li>Emergent Engineering needs to understand not only other schemas but also the partial schema thresholds between schemas such as the Special Systems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It needs to learn to theorize and apply those theories to building Reflexive Autopoietic Dissipative Ordering Special Systems, i.e. Holonomic Systems. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Challenge Five <ul><li>Emergent Engineering needs to understand how the Special Systems and Normal Systems combine to produce the Emergent Meta-system, which is a model of the Special Systems working together. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Challenge Six <ul><li>Emergent Engineering needs to encompass a better understanding of how the human element plays into the systems and meta-systems it builds. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It needs to become more aware of the human sciences such as psychology and sociology and other human sciences that naturally relate to its focus on producing a system that interfaces with the human being as operator, but also as a target or victim of its technological creations. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Challenge Seven <ul><li>Emergent Engineering needs to apply the knowledge of Special Systems and Emergent Meta-systems to its own projects and its own human organization in its efforts to build technological and human systems. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Challenge Eight <ul><li>Emergent Engineering needs to apply the knowledge of Systems, Meta-systems, Special Systems, and Emergent Meta-systems to its products, whether they are technological or human systems such as enterprises, corporations, institutions, virtual organizations, and teams. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to incorporate Intelligent Enterprises in a manner that fosters human potential and growth rather than constraining it. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Challenge Nine <ul><li>We must understand how Emergent Meta-systems Theory helps us understand our own practice such as the design of Emergent Systems or Meta-systems. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Challenge Ten <ul><li>We need to influence other Academic Disciplines by bringing this new way of looking at things into the Universe of Discourse so that Emergence Engineering can claim its rightful place as an Emergent New discipline among the other disciplines that are already established in the academic community. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>Transforming the Discipline by recognizing its broader foundation in multiple schemas. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Advanced Design Theories as a basis for Emergent Engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>Realize Intelligent Systems Engineering Enterprise through the practical application of these advanced theories. </li></ul>