Gcse film narrative and character


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Gcse film narrative and character

  1. 1. G.C.S.E FILM STUDIES Narrative and Character Theory
  2. 2. Starter  You have two minutes  What was the story for the last film you watched?  What happened in that story?  Feedback to the class
  3. 3. Lesson Objectives  WALT  What is narrative and the difference between plot and story?  Todorov’s narrative theory.  Propps character theory  WILF  Be able to analyse a scene and identify what is the plot and also what is the story.  Use Todorovs theory to explain a film extract.  Use the character theory on a scene breakdown.
  4. 4. Narrative  The forms of narrative narrative – Begins at the start moves to the middle and then to the end.  Non Linear – May begin in any order, middle then beginning and then end, e.g. Pulp Fiction, 500 Days of Summer or Kill Bill  Circular – begins at the end and then tells story in linear fashion returning to the end.  Episodic – story told in chapters the chapters may follow characters and then not be in order.  Linear
  5. 5. Task  In groups on your tables try to name films you have seen that use these types of narrative formats.  Linear Non-Linear Circular Episodic   
  6. 6. Feedback  What films did you identify use these narrative formats.
  7. 7. Screening     There are going to be four examples shown. Identify the narrative formats being used in the clips. You will have five minutes to analyse and identify the format. Justify your answer – give reasons why you think it is that format?
  8. 8. Clips  Video 1  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvKzyYy6qvY  Video 2  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XMqwSTe5rvo  Video 3  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCUhFZnxoBU &feature=related  Video 4  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vS0E9bBSL0
  9. 9. Macro Features for Narrative   Story - the chronological order that events occur. Plot – how the audience are shown these events
  10. 10. Todorovs Narrative Theory  Todorov theory is that all stories follow this order:  Equilibrium   Disequilibrium   This is how the story will begin the place and characters are in their normal routines. Something happens to disrupt this order – this could be any event such as war or a villain. This has to be resolved by the hero. New Equilibrium  A new equilibrium is established after the hero resolved the conflict.
  11. 11. Example  Watch the clip  How is the equilibrium and disequilibrium set up?  From your knowledge how is equilibrium restored?
  12. 12. More detailed.  More detail  Between the disequilibrium and the restoration of equilibrium there can also be:  Recognition – aware of what happens and drama develops.  Attempts to repair – heroes try and there maybe a plot twist or climactic point. They are temporary prevented from restoring the harmony.
  13. 13. Example  Can you apply this theory to Spiderman?  Equilibrium Disruption – Disequilibrium Recognition Attempts to repair New equilibrium    
  14. 14. Video example  Clip  How does recognition and attempts to repair happen within these scenes?
  15. 15. Character Theory  Vladmir Propp analysed over one hundered texts/media and he identified seven broad character types.  He believed that you could adapt these types to fit the characters in all text/media.
  16. 16. Character Theroy         Propps Theory The villain (struggles against the hero) The donor (prepares the hero or gives the hero some magical object) The (magical) helper (helps the hero in the quest) The princess (person the hero marries, often sought for during the narrative) The false hero (perceived as good character in beginning but emerges as evil) The dispatcher (character who makes the lack known and sends the hero off) The hero or victim/seeker hero, reacts to the donor, weds the princess
  17. 17. Thor  Who would the characters be in the film.  Watch the trailer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JOddpnlNvQ 
  18. 18. Thor  The villain  The donor  The (magical) helper  The princess  The false hero  The dispatcher  The hero or victim/seeker hero  Characters are:  Thor, Odin, Jane, Destroyer, Loki, Heimdall, Erik Selvig
  19. 19. Homework  Watch Films !!!  A new initiative to open up your viewing experience select one film from the list below all are important and significant films to cinema watch them and write a short report on the movie using the terminology we have been developing this weeks focus camera and editing.
  20. 20. Films       The Good, the Bad and the Ugly 500 Days of Summer Get Shorty Fargo Heat Donnie Darko  Film Clubs are after school on Fridays