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New Learning Communities


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NMSU College of Extended Learning has integrated the concepts of learning ecosystems, connectivism, and bioteams to establish a framework for integrating course management systems, Web 2.0 tools, and social networks with new learning skills and contexts. The ecosystem model connects pedagogy and practice to tools, enhancing new learning communities. Strategies for implementing, fostering and assessing communities will be shared.

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Persons cited in this presentation are Siemens, Downes, Tittenberger, Gutl, Chang, Thompson, @hollyrae, @suceppib, @retazens, @nmsu, @desertjul, @tektrekker, @phlipper3000, @laurapresently

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  • Love this new take on the ecosystem, learning community, etc. I will definitely be looking at this more as I revise CEL 560 for the fall. Would you consider being a guest presenter and presenting this to my students this fall?
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New Learning Communities

  1. 1. Fostering New Learning Communities, Nurturing Online Learning EcosystemsJune 19, 2009 #sloancsym #nlc San FranciscoSloan C International Symposium on Emerging Technology Applications for Online Learning<br /><br />Holly Rae Bemis-Schurtz, M.A. @hollyrae<br />Susan Bussmann, Ph.D. @suceppib<br />New Mexico State University<br />We apply these concepts to foster experiential learning for K-20 educators.<br />
  2. 2. Consider …<br />Clarity, focus, perspective, adaptation, evolution<br />
  3. 3. Influential Concepts<br />Learning Ecosystems(Gutl & Chang)<br />Connectivism(Siemens & Downes)<br />Bioteaming(Thompson)<br />
  4. 4. Overview<br />New Learning Contexts & Skills<br />Learning Ecosystem as a Model<br />Characteristics of New Learning Communities (NLCs)<br />Organizational Biomimicry<br />One to many communications<br />Self organizing, collective leadership<br />Developing NLCs<br />Nurturing & Supporting NLCs<br />Assessing NLCs<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Scoble’s Social Media Starfish<br /><br />The Conversation Prism<br /><br />Social Media Landscape<br /><br />
  8. 8. What happens to learning in this context?<br />“Our learning and information acquisition is a mashup. We take pieces, add pieces, dialogue, reframe, rethink, connect, and ultimately, we end up with some type of pattern that symbolizes what’s happening ‘out there’ and what it means to us. And that pattern changes daily.<br />G. Siemens and P. Tittenberger. <br />Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009.<br />
  9. 9. Connectivism<br />‘A learning theory for a digital age’ from George Siemens (@gsiemens) & Stephen Downes (@downes).<br />Influenced by learning theories, social structures, and technologies, such as<br />Affordance of tools<br />Contextual situated learning<br />Social learning theory<br />Epistemological views<br />Embodied cognition<br />New media theory<br />Systems theory<br />Network theory<br />
  10. 10. In a nutshell…<br />‘knowledge and cognition are distributed across networks of people and technology is the process of connecting, growing, and navigating those networks&apos;<br />the knowledge of the network is bigger than any one node <br />Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009<br /><br />
  11. 11. Learning is forming connections<br />Connectivism(George Siemens & Stephen Downes)<br />Learning is connecting new experiences within our neural, conceptual and social networks<br />Depth and diversity of the connections is what determines understanding <br />Frequency of exposure and integration with other concepts can strengthen understanding<br />Connections can be strong or weak – different networks serve different needs<br />Expertise (the facility of using networks) is what is needed to learn in this new context<br />
  12. 12. New Learning Skills<br />G. Siemens and P. Tittenberger. Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009. “New Learning, New Educators, New Skills”<br />
  13. 13.<br />Created with Wordle -<br />Soft Skills<br />
  14. 14. Flickr Creative Commons Search for ‘early adopters’ or ‘power users’<br />Technology Fluency & Adeptness<br /><br />
  15. 15. Wayfinding<br />Wayfinding encompasses all of the ways in which people and animals orient themselves in physical space and navigate from place to place<br /><ul><li>traditional navigation methods used by indigenous peoples
  16. 16. in the context of architecture to refer to the user experience of orientation and choosing a path within the built environment
  17. 17. the set of architectural and/or design elements that aid orientation.</li></ul>From<br />
  18. 18. Sensemaking<br />Sensemaking is the ability or attempt to make sense of an ambiguous situation. <br />creating situational awareness and understanding in situations of high complexity or uncertainty in order to make decisions. <br />&quot;a motivated, continuous effort to understand connections (which can be among people, places, and events) in order to anticipate their trajectories and act effectively&quot; (Klein et al., 2006a). <br /><br />Klein, G., Moon, B. and Hoffman, R.F. (2006a). Making sense of sensemaking I: alternative perspectives.<br />IEEE Intelligent Systems, 21(4), 70-73. <br />
  19. 19. How do you support the development of personal learning skills?<br />
  20. 20. Consider the Ecosystem<br />A network of living and nonliving things<br />Energy and water cycles continuously<br />Producers generate for Primary. Secondary, & Tertiary Consumers<br />Decomposers recycle and compost for a healthy foundation<br />Illustration by Sabine Deviche (ASU) <br /><br />
  21. 21. Learning Ecosystem as a Model<br />Gutl & Chang, 2008<br />a comprehensive review of the ecosystem model as used to describe highly dynamic learning environments that change organically and often<br />a model to identify perspectives, relationships, approaches and implementations<br />assists in identifying pedagogical, cognitive, social, organizational, and technological aspects<br />
  22. 22. Characteristics<br />Open and flexible to allow for student&apos;s self direction<br />Support the individual learner and the community in a natural learning process<br />Network of learning agents and sources dynamically changes according to situations and context <br />(Gutl & Chang, 2008)<br />
  23. 23. from David Armano (@armano)<br />
  24. 24. Our working definition<br />A learning ecosystem is…<br />a framework for understanding new learning environments that incorporate a variety of<br />tools (ie: course management systems, Web 2.0 applications) and <br />multiple touch points (web, client, mobile) that aims to make transparent to the members of the learning community various <br />channels (relationships, pathways, protocols) for learning.<br />
  25. 25. So we’ve tried…<br />To establish a framework which shows our ecosystem.<br />The next few slides show this over time.<br />Each is only a snapshot of a dynamic system~ a moment in time.<br />
  26. 26. Current Events & Trends<br />Ambient Consumption<br />Widgets & RSS<br />Primary Consumption<br />External Communities<br />Facilitation and Assessment<br />Production<br />Recomposition<br />
  27. 27. Level of learner investment/aka “risk”<br />Ambient Consumers<br />Primary Consumers<br />Producers<br />Recomposers<br />Parra, Bemis-Schurtz, Bussmann (NM TIE & iNACOL VSS, 2008)<br />
  28. 28. Learner Responsibility<br />Learner as Lurker<br />Learner as Connector<br />Relationship to Requirements<br />Learner as Producer<br />Learner as Recomposer<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>Learning/Course Management System
  30. 30. Webconferencing System
  31. 31. VOIP Instant Messaging Tool
  32. 32. Robust Wiki
  33. 33. Blogs
  34. 34. Micromedia
  35. 35. Robust Wikis
  36. 36. Voice Discussion Tools</li></ul>Collaboration & Interaction Tools <br />Learning & Content Management Tools<br />Learning<br />Ecosystem Tools<br />Learnstreaming Tools<br />Content Creation & Dissemination Tools<br /><ul><li>Multimedia Creation Tools
  37. 37. Social Bookmarking Tools
  38. 38. Content Sharing Tools
  39. 39. Custom Search Tools
  40. 40. Lifestreaming Tools
  41. 41. Analytic Tools
  42. 42. RSS Feed Aggregators
  43. 43. Social Networks</li></li></ul><li>Examples of NMSU & RETALearning Ecosystems<br />Used at various levels, K-20 to foster experiential learning for educators<br />Shared quickly for reference ;-)<br />
  44. 44. Podcasting and Vodcasting for Improved Achievement<br />3rd grade Educator Teams implement podcasting in classrooms<br />Mentors (RETA Instructors)<br />Facilitated by @suceppib @hollyrae & Bethany Bovard (@tektrekker)<br />
  45. 45. Online Teaching & Learning Opportunities Program<br />Secondary educators develop OTL environments for distance delivery<br />Multi-year program<br />Facilitated by @suceppib & Julia Parra (@desertjul)<br />
  46. 46. NMSU Division of Student Success<br />Students and staff learn to access and share support online<br />Very much in ‘beta’ ;-)<br />Facilitated by @hollyrae with Laura Grant (@laurapresently) & Phillip Johnson (@phlipper3000)<br />
  47. 47. Online Teaching & Learning Graduate Certificate Program<br />15 credit graduate program<br />Prepares learner for OTL<br />Facilitated by @suceppib, @tektrekker & Julia Parra (@desertjul)<br />
  48. 48. So…<br />What happens to the community when it spans across all of these contexts?<br />How does this influence our pedagogy?<br />
  49. 49. Characteristics of New Learning Communities<br />Personal learning skills are integral<br />Conversation is not just in one system/tool/place<br />Communities overlap between networks<br />Connections (the stuff of learning) are made organically<br />Highly dynamic, Influenced by a wider social experience and...<br />
  50. 50. Organizational Biomimicry<br /><ul><li>Looking at ‘power users’ & ‘power’ communities of natural ecosystems
  51. 51. Ken Thompson (The Bioteaming Manifesto)
  52. 52. Traits of successful bioteams
  53. 53. Pheromone messaging
  54. 54. Collective leadership</li></ul>These are new communication styles for humans!<br />
  55. 55. One to Many Communications<br />Thompson (2008) – Did ants invent the perfect mobile messaging system?<br /><br />
  56. 56. Collective Leadership<br />Thompson (2008) Why penguins have no commanding officer<br /><br />
  57. 57. This is a tremendous shift!<br />Successful bioteams are highly dependent on members’ beliefs and values<br />One to many communication methods are new to humans<br />Each users experience is unique and personal responsibility is substantially increased<br />So what strategies can we use to develop, nurture and evaluate our new learning communities?<br />
  58. 58. Developing NLCs<br />Begin with needs & comfort level assessment<br />Choose core elements (tools) purposefully with learners in mind<br />Make the ecosystem explicit<br />Maps<br />Categories<br />Tools<br />Philosophy<br />Design so that you are facilitating interaction<br />open ended and self directed activities<br />act as concierge, connector, atelier, curator<br />
  59. 59. Developing NLCs (ctd.)<br />Establish reasonable expectations <br />Consider learner risk<br />Encourage voluntary participation<br />Provide a synchronous orientation to the ecosystem<br />Utilize audio/video tools frequently to support knowledge of the ecosystem<br />Establish protocols for utilizing channels (ie: engaging a colleague or instructor via Skype)<br />
  60. 60. Supporting NLCs<br />Foster metacognitive awareness of the ecosystem, tools, touch points, channels with continued support<br />Consider ‘Bio-score Calculator’(<br />Assist students in developing an idea of their own personal learning network<br />Identify your own strategies for wayfinding, make transparent for your students<br />Encourage social sensemakingthroughout the experience<br />
  61. 61. Assessing NLCs<br />Consider Ken Thompson’s ORGANICS (for assessing self organizing within a group)<br />Evaluate growth in student’s<br />self assessment of use of PLN(s)<br />concept maps of PLN(s) over time<br />Utilize summative assessments that are outcomes based (such as a portfolio)<br />Utilize formative assessment (such as learnstreaming)<br />
  62. 62. Learnstreaming*<br />Use of these types of tools to develop holistic and formative understandings about what is happening in the learning community<br />Lifestreaming (Plaxo, FriendFeed)<br />Analytic Tools (Lijit, Google Analytics)<br />RSS Aggregators<br />‘Friendships’ in social networks<br />*this is experimental, be cautious<br />
  63. 63. Let’s engage in<br />Resources continue to grow…<br /><br /> *<br /> *<br /> *<br />