Successfully reported this slideshow.

Transport of wine over long distances

17,751 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Transport of wine over long distances

  1. 1. Transport of wine over long distances By Holly Barrett
  2. 2. History <ul><li>The earliest known vessel, that could have been used for wine is the Kwevri, which is a clay jar, said to date back to 6000 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>An Amphora is a vessel that was used to transport and store wine dating back as far as 4800 BC. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Image sourced from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphora <ul><li>The amphorae were used by the ancient Greeks and the Romans to transport and store wine, and grapes. </li></ul>History
  4. 4. History <ul><li>The Romans transported their wine by sea in earthenware containers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans learnt of barrels from the Gauls in 3 rd century AD. Barrels were used for almost 2000 years. </li></ul>Image sourced from: http://www.cabotages.fr/cabotages-coastwise-in-english/1001-ships-and-sailors/bateaux-d-hier-to-tomorrow/ancient-wine-carriers.html Image sourced from: http://www.art.com/Two/Wine/Barrels
  5. 5. In the 20th century these ancient technologies have been replaced by pallet and container transportation. <ul><li>Main issues wineries must consider when transporting wine over long distances: </li></ul><ul><li>minimising wine spoilage </li></ul><ul><li>avoiding breakages </li></ul><ul><li>Expense </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>reducing energy use, and CO2 emissions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Transportation of wine in bulk. <ul><li>There are two options for wine producers wishing to transport wine in bulk over long distances. They are ISO tanks, and Flexitanks. </li></ul><ul><li>Both options have their advantages and disadvantages. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ISO tanks Image sourced from: www.wrap.org.uk/.../ Bulk _shipping_ wine _quality_May_08.4c971b65.5386.pdf
  8. 8. Flexitanks . Image sourced from: www.wrap.org.uk/.../ Bulk _shipping_ wine _quality_May_08.4c971b65.5386.pdf
  9. 9. Some advantages and disadvantages of transporting wine in bulk <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Transporting wine in bulk is cheaper than transporting in bottle. </li></ul><ul><li>Transporting wine in bulk is more environmentally friendly than transporting bottles </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Greater risk of contamination and taint to the wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Spoilage. Oxidation due to defective seal on tank. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Transportation of wine in bottle <ul><li>Standard 20ft container holds approximately 13,000 bottles. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires effective packaging against breakage and temperature. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Packaging options for bottles <ul><li>EPS </li></ul><ul><li>Corrugated Cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>Molded Pulp </li></ul><ul><li>Formed Plastic Trays </li></ul>Images sourced from:http://www.winebusiness.com/wbm/?go=getArticle&dataId=62877
  12. 12. Some advantages and disadvantages of transporting wine in bottle <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Wine is ready for sale on arrival at end destination. </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient for the winery and the purchaser. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>It costs more to send bottles than to send in bulk. </li></ul><ul><li>Spoilage. Oxidation, reduction due to temperature fluctuations during transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>The process of transporting wine in bottle has high energy use and CO2 emissions. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Challenges wine producers face when transporting wine over long distances <ul><li>Temperature control of containers </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain consistent product. </li></ul><ul><li>Breakage </li></ul>The ideal temperature for storing wine is 13˚ to 15˚C. Temperature fluctuations can degrade the aroma, colour and flavour of the wine.
  14. 14. Challenges wine producers face when transporting wine over long distances <ul><li>Oxidation </li></ul><ul><li>Taint and contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Re-fermentation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Moving towards the Future <ul><li>Environment and carbon foot print </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Use of biodegradable packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions trading scheme </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Hartley, A. (2008). Bulk shipping of wine and its implications for product quality. Retrieved August 10, 2010 from www.wrap.org.uk/.../Bulk_shipping_wine_quality_May_08.4c971b65.5386.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Tinney, Mc. (2009). Product Review: Wine Shippers. Retrieved August 7, 2010 from http://www.winebusiness.com/wbm/?go=getArticle&dataId=62877 </li></ul><ul><li>Rupp,K.J. (2008). Fine wine Export-Energy Use and CO2 Emissions A Case Study. Retrieved August 9, 2010, from http://neri.otrg.nz . </li></ul><ul><li>History. (n.d). Retrieved August 10, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oak_(wine) . </li></ul><ul><li>Sanderson, K. (2009). History of wine and the vine [Handout]. Taradale, New Zealand: Eastern Institute of Technology: Diploma in Wine Marketing: 5.05 Introduction to Wine Business. </li></ul><ul><li>Amphora. (2010). Retrieved August 10, 2010 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphora </li></ul><ul><li>Boehmer, A. (2008). Why Good Wines Go Bad. Retrieved August 10, 2010 from http://newworldwine.suite101.com/article.cfm/why_good_wines_go_bad </li></ul>

×