Intelligence Tutorial

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This tutorial corresponds with Module B Lesson 4 and should be used by students in my online Psyc 300 class at American River College.

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Intelligence Tutorial

  1. 1. Intelligence Module B Lesson 4 Tutorial Created by: Professor Hokerson American River College Last Updated: Fall 2015
  2. 2. Using this Tutorial • Use the navigation buttons at the bottom of the screen. • Click on hyperlinks when prompted. • Have fun and learn!
  3. 3. Table of Contents (TOC) • Objectives • Module B Objectives #62, 64, 66, and 67 • Action Items • Defining Intelligence • Twin Studies & Intelligence • Biology & Intelligence • Success & Intelligence • Intelligence Myths • Conclusions
  4. 4. MODULEB OBJECTIVES By the end of this tutorial you will be able to… #60- Identify three traits that are better predictors of future success than simply intelligence, according to the results of Terman’s longitudinal research. #62- Contrast Charles Spearman, Louis L. Thurstone, Howard Gardner, and Robert Sternberg’s theories of intelligence. #64- Explain stereotype threat and stereotype lift and why they occur. #67- Discuss strategies to reduce stereotype threat.
  5. 5. ACTION ITEMS
  6. 6. Defining Intelligence • Review: The Nature of Intelligence (Chapter 7, pages 295-300) • Simulation: Complete the Defining Intelligence Quizlet. • Summarize: How is intelligence defined? Says who? Theorist Measures Intelligence Defines Intelligence Charles Spearman Louis L. Thurstone Howard Gardner Robert Sternberg
  7. 7. Twin Studies & Intelligence • Read: The Roles of Genetics and Environment in Determining Intelligence in Chapter 6 (pages 301 – 305) • Question: Both of the photos below are of twins, but which twins have more similar IQs?
  8. 8. Question: Is there any other evidence that intelligence is inherited? There are other studies which provide evidence that there is indeed a biological origin of intelligence. Read each of the articles below in your quest to answer this question. Biology & Intelligence After exhaustive research, most psychologists agree that intelligence is a combination of both nature (heredity) and nurture (environment). • Study Gives More Proof That Intelligence is Inherited • Genes Play Big Role in Intelligence
  9. 9. Success and Intelligence • Read: Does a High IQ Score Predict Success in Life in Chapter 7 (page 293) • Summarize: What did Terman find in his longitudinal study? • How was success defined? • How did the As, Bs, and Cs differ? • What are three traits that contributed to greater success for the As? • Read: "But what does IQ really measure?"Read this article from Science Magazine to see if contemporary research supports Terman’s longitudinal study. • Question: Does it support the findings of Terman’s longitudinal study? Why or why not?
  10. 10. Intelligence and Discrimination • Read: On page 305 – 307 you will read about the dangers of assigning too much value to measures of intelligence. • Think: What if you belong to a group that was deemed to have inferior intelligence, like the Burakumin people of Japan? Could this type of discrimination happen today, in America – does it? • Read: Performing with a Threat in the Air- how stereotypes undermine performance, p. 304 – 305. • Activity: Summarize the conclusions about stereotype threat and stereotype lift; are there any groups in America who’s stereotypes put them at risk for these external influences?
  11. 11. Conclusions • There is not one accepted definition of intelligence. • There may be cross-cultural variation. • It can be measured in different ways. • One may possess general intelligence, but lack specific intelligence, or vice versa. • There is agreement that intelligence is influenced by both heredity and environment. • Intelligence is most likely a complex interaction of multiple genes influenced by environmental factors. • Intelligence alone is not the only measure of success. • The results of intelligence tests should be used cautiously.
  12. 12. MODULEB OBJECTIVES By the end of this tutorial you should now be able to… #60 - Identify three traits that are better predictors of future success than simply intelligence, according to the results of Terman’s longitudinal research. #62 - Contrast Charles Spearman, Louis L. Thurstone, Howard Gardner, and Robert Sternberg’s theories of intelligence. #66- Explain stereotype threat and stereotype lift and why they occur. #67- Discuss strategies to reduce stereotype threat.

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