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Eastern Europe Partnership Event - 003 ozgur kadir_ozer

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Eastern Europe Partnership Event - 003 ozgur kadir_ozer

  1. 1. RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES IN TURKEY Ozgur Kadir OZER Planning SpecialistPOLICIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF E-INFRASTRUCTURES IN EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES - 08.11.2011, BUCHAREST
  2. 2. Outline•  Turkish STI System and Main Policy Documents•  Turkey’s STI Performance•  Public Funds for Research•  Support Process of Research Infrastructures•  Important E-Infrastructure Projects•  Lessons Learned 2
  3. 3. Important Actors of Turkish STISystem•  Supreme Council of Science and Technology•  Ministry of Development•  Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology•  Ministry of Finance•  TUBITAK – The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey•  Universities, PRIs,•  TUBA, TPE, TSE, KOSGEB, TTGV, YOK…
  4. 4. Main STI Policy Documents•  Development Plans, Mid-term and Annual Programs•  Resolutions of Supreme Council of Science and Technology•  National Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy (2011-2016)•  Science and Technology Human Resources Strategy and Action Plan 2011-2016•  Other Sectorial Strategies •  Information Society Action Plan •  Automotive Industry Strategy •  SME Strategy •  … 4  
  5. 5. Main Policy Documents9th Development Plan (2007-2013)Main objective: “to increase the capability of the private sector tocreate innovation.”Priorities: •  Improving university-private sector collaboration, •  Using of R&D human resources and infrastructure at universities by the private sector, •  Encouraging establishment of research institutes and/or centers by private sector, •  Improving the researcher human resources in terms of quality and quantity, •  Legal and institutional regulations for an efficient national innovation system, •  Improving research infrastructure of universities and public research institutions, •  Increasing supports for TDZs, technology transfer centers, and enterprise incubators, 5  
  6. 6. National Science, Technology and InnovationStrategy (2011-2016) 6  
  7. 7. STI Performance of TurkeyR&D Expenditure  GERD – from 2 billion to 9.4 billion in PPP $ (between 1998 and 2010),  GERD as a percentage of GDP – from 0.37% to 0.84% (between 1998 and 2010),  GERD performed by - 46% higher education sector, 42.5% business enterprise sector, 11.4% public sector (2010),  Direct Public Funds for R&D and innovation– 592 million to 1.9 billion in PPP $ (from 1998 to 2009)Human Resources  23,000 to 81,792 FTE R&D personnel (betwwen 1998 and 2010)Scientific Publications and PatentsBetween 1998 and 2009,  Four-fold increase in scientific publications (5,387 to 25,264)  Ten-fold increase in patent applications to the PCT (33 to 393), 7  
  8. 8. Direct Public Funds for ResearchThrough Annual Investment Programs, prepared by Ministry ofDevelopment,1.  Empowering Human Resources, ◦  Researcher and Academician Raising Programs2. Research Programs, ◦  Turkish Research Area (TARAL) Programs – TUBITAK (~320 million € in 2011), ◦  Industrial Thesis Program (SANTEZ) – Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology (~15 millions €), ◦  Technology Development Zones Support Program - Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology (~15 millions €), ◦  Energy R&D Program – Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, ◦  … 8  
  9. 9. Public Funds for Research (cont)3. Research Infrastructures Programs  Run by Ministry of Development,  Relation with country and region priorities, focused on public and private sector needs, multidisciplinary, open to all researchers.  ~250 millions € in 2011  Two types: ◦  Thematic Research Centers,   In well-established universities and PRIs,   Very competitive selection process,   Few centers on each topic (but not single: for competition & diversity),   Aim to be a center of expertise in a certain area on national and international scale,   Size between 1-30 millions € ◦  Central Research Laboratories   Established in all universities,   Based on common and priority research infrastructure needs of the all departments of the university,   Take into account the needs of the close region in design,   Size between 2-12 millions € 9  
  10. 10. Assessment of Research Infrastructure Projects andSelection Criteria Pre-assessment Project Panel Support Call by an Advisor Reviews Decision Committee National Priorities and Strategic Importance •  Development Plans and Programs, SCST resolutions, strategic plans of the applicant institutions, regional needs, etc. Sustainability •  Required legal base, collaboration with private sector and other stakeholders, open access, etc. Competence of the Team •  Research infrastructure management capacity, reputable scientific team, etc. 10  
  11. 11. Some Important Research Infrastructure Projects•  Biotechnology Institute - Ankara University (30 million €)•  Biomedical Research Center – Ege University (35 million €)•  Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology - Bilkent University (20 million €),•  Nanotechnology Research Center – Sabanci Univ. (20 million €)•  Industrial Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) – Middle East Technical University (12 million €),•  Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC – Ankara University with 9 universities (10 million €),•  Aviation Research Center - Istanbul Technical Univ. (25 million €),•  TUBITAK Reseach Centers growing by 40-50 million €/ year,•  ULAKNET 1&2 – TUBITAK ULAKBIM•  TR-GRID and TRUBA – TUBİTAK ULAKBIM (15 million €)•  National High Performance Computing Center – Istanbul Technical Uni. (25 million €) 11  
  12. 12. Important E-Infrastructure Projects – 1ULAKNET 1 & 2•  160 Universities & Research Institutions•  900 Connections, 160.000 Researchers, 2.700.000 Students•  New National Lightpath Project - New National Academic Network Infrastructure (ULAKNET2)•  Aims to reduce 15M Euro annual ULAKNET Connectivity Cost funded by Ministry of Finance•  xWDM and/or Ethernet based fiber optic access (own or leased)•  Funded by Ministry of Development ~7 million € 12  
  13. 13. Important E-Infrastructure Projects – 2 TR-Grid Re-IS and TRUBA-S•  TR-Grid Research e- TOTAL Capacity: Infrastructure Strengthening 3K CPU Cores Project 1.6 Pbyte Storage •  Supported required Grid and HPC resources for national researchers (2009-2011) •  ~5 million €•  Turkish Science e- Infrastructure Strengthing Project •  Aims to strength national e-Infrastructures considering new technological allignments Reseachers from different (2012-2014) disciplines and more than 60 •  ~10 million € universities and institutions 13  
  14. 14. Important E-Infrastructure Projects – 3National High Performance Computing (HPC) Center(UYBHM)•  Located in Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul•  Three main targets: •  scientific research and development projects conducted at universities and PRIs, •  supporting research activities at private and public sectors, •  international research projects and collaborations.•  The project launched in 2004,•  HPC services started in 2006•  Participated to PRACE in 2008,•  New building (~7,000 m2) will be operational in 2012,•  Provided more than 23 million processor-hours for academic research projects since 2006,•  Currently has 50 active research projects from 30 academic institutions,•  More than 600 researchers participated to annual parallel computing workshops since 2007,•  Total cost ~ 25 million € 14  
  15. 15. Lessons Learned•  Getting political support,•  Continuous financial support,•  Communication among stakeholders,•  Private sector’s contribution,•  Effective monitoring & evaluation,•  Convenient legal and administrative framework 15  
  16. 16. Thank you.Ozgur Kadir Ozerkozer@dpt.gov.trwww.kalkinma.gov.trteknoloji@kalkinma.gov.tr 16  

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