RIGHT CORNER >: 1) Write: Name: _, Period: _,Date: 04/30/12, Topic: HolocaustLEFT CORNER <: Write “Opener #28” and then:1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours2) Rate your comprehension for thisweek’s material so far: lost<1-5>easy3) Respond to the Opener by writingat least 1 sentences about:Your opinions/thoughts OR/ANDQuestions sparked by the clip OR/ANDSummary of the clip OR/ANDAnnouncements: None
Genocide: Attempt to eliminate an entire group.What Makes the Holocaust/Shoah unlike any in the Past or Present?a) Entire population of people (women, children) were targeted for their religion, not for what they did, but for being born.b) It was coordinated by the governmentc) It was completed with scientific efficiently and industrial scaled) Their success, over 60% of Europe’s Jews (40% of the World’s) are gone
Preview:1) Manchuria Incident (1931): Ultranationalist take over democracy, military fakes attack on Jap. railroad in Chinese Manchuria, Jap invades.2) Japan Invades Rest of China (1937): KMT forced to join with CCP to fight Japan.
Notes 28, Title: “Start of WWII”1) 1936: Ger. reoccupy French cont. Rhineland(1931: Japan-Manchuria 1935: Italy-Ethopia)
2) 1938: Ger. Demands Sudetenland (Ger. speaking part of democratic Czechoslovakia)
3) 9/1938: Munich Conference: UK+France let Ger. have part of Czech in return no more expansion (appeasement)4) 3/1939: Ger. takes over rest of Czechoslovakia
5) 8/1939: Hitler + Stalin ally to split up E. Europe
6) 9/01/1939: Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37)7) Axis Powers (1940): Germany, Italy, Japan ally (USSR temp with Ger)
Activ #28a, Title “1920s Diary”1) Put yourself in their place, describewhat emotions and feelings you wouldfeel if you were Jewish, and your familyhas faced generations of discrimination.While times are hard, your parents areskilled professionals, and you live acomfortable life. You focus on school.Would you leave yet?
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”8) Pre-WWII: Anti-Semitism: Hatred for people who practice Judaism or descend from those who practice goes back to very start 1400s 1889 (France) 1920 (US)
a) Historic rivalry: Jews, Christians, Muslimsb) Fear+jealousy of Jews limit living areas + jobs (limits lead high # living in E. Europe, high education, early concentration in banking)c) Many early communists were Jewish (Marx)
9) Holocaust/Shoah (1933–45): 6 million+ Jewish civilians: 2/3 all Eur, 2/5 of World’s Jews killed (+ Nazi opposition, Communists, Romas/Gypsies, Homosexuals, Disabled)
10) Nazi Anti-Semitism: Blame Jews for WWI and created pseudo-science of Jewish threat+inferiority to enhance Ger. nationalism
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”11) 4/1933: Nazis stage boycott of Jewish biz + Ger. police stand by
Notes #28a, Title: “Holocaust”12) 9/1935: Nuremberg Laws passed against Jews Chart used to help determine if you were Jewish (3 Jewish grandparents)
Nuremburg Laws (September 15, 1935)Entirely convinced that the purity of German blood isessential to the further existence of the German people…the Reichstag has unanimously resolved upon thefollowing law, which is promulgated herewith:Marriages between Jews and citizens of German orkindred blood are forbidden. Marriages concluded indefiance of this law are void, even if, for the purpose ofevading this law, they were concluded abroad.Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens ofGerman or kindred blood as domestic workers under theage of 45.Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flagor the national colours. On the other hand they arepermitted to display the Jewish colours.
Activ #28b, Title “1930s Diary”1) Put yourself in their place, describewhat emotions and feelings you wouldfeel if you were Jewish, Germans boycottyour parents, and the Nuremberg Lawswere just passed.Would you leave yet?
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”13) 7/1938: Jews required to carry special ID
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”14) 11/9/1938 (Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass): Response to teenage Jew killing a Ger, 9000 Jewish biz + 900 synagogues destroyed, 30,000 Jew leaders sent to camps.
From Heinrich Müller to all Gestapo Offices(November 9, 1938):1) Actions against Jews, especially against theirsynagogues, will take place throughout the Reich shortly.They are not to be interfered with; however, liaison is tobe effected with the Ordnungspolizei to ensure thatlooting and other significant excesses are suppressed.2) So far as important archive material exists insynagogues this is to be secured by immediate measures.3) Preparations are to be made for the arrest of about20,000 to 30,000 Jews in the Reich. Above all well-to-doJews are to be selected.4) Should Jews in possession of weapons be encounteredin the course of the action, the sharpest measures.
From Reinhard Heydrich to all Gestapo (November10, 1938):On account of the assassination of the Leg. Sec. v. Rathin Paris, demonstrations against the Jews are to beexpected throughout the Reich in the present night...a) Only such measures should be taken as will notendanger German life or property (i.e. synagogue burningonly if there is no fire-danger to the surroundings)…b) Businesses and dwellings of Jews should only bedestroyed, not plundered. The police are instructed tosupervise this regulation and to arrest looters.c) Special care is to be taken that in business streetsnon-Jewish businesses are absolutely secured againstdamage
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”15) 1939: 930 Jews aboard St. Louis turned away, US accept only 20,000 Jews in WWII (Shanghai one of few places accepting Jews)
Activ #28c, Title “1939 Diary”1) Put yourself in their place, describewhat emotions and feelings you wouldfeel if you were on the US St. Louis?Would you leave yet?
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”16) 1940: Warsaw Ghetto containing 400,000+ Jews, is sealed, Jews across Eur. used as slave labor (Many large Ger. comp like VW + BMW benefited)
Notes #28b, Title: “Holocaust”17) 1942: Nazis determine "Final Solution" to be implemented by the SS, led by Himmler, to use science + industry to kill as efficiently as possible: rail > gas chamber > crematorium
PerpetratorsNazis, Hitler, Himler, SS officers, andthousands others.BystandersGerman Civilians, Catholic Church,Allies, and billions of others.UpstandersJewish resistors, Japanese diplomatSugihara, German Businessman OskarSchindler, Netherlands, communityof Shanghai, and thousands of others.
Activity #29a, Title “Video: Upstander”1) Copy Source Title: Schindler’s List2…) Discuss questions on the boardwith a partner. Summarize yourdiscussion (include their name at theend).Remember participation points are deducted if off task.5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Activity SectionsTime Bookmark: 00:00
First they came for the communists, andI did not speak up—because I was not acommunist;Then they came for the Jews, and I didnot speak up—because I was not a Jew;Then they came for the Catholics, and Ididnt speak up—because I was aProtestant;Then they came for me—and by that timeno one was left to speak up.-Pastor Martin Niemöller
Homework:1) Pick your Holocaust topic by Friday,begin researching your topic
Reflection #29 (place at the end of today’s work)Pick the 1 most important thing youlearned today to share with your partner.1) Write down the main idea oftoday.(include their name).2) Summarize Mr. Chiang’s closingremarks