DRAW A LINE BETWEEN TODAY AND THE LAST LESSONRIGHT CORNER: 1) Write: Name: _, Period: _,Date: 03/06/12, Topic: Nationalism – Italy + GerLEFT CORNER: Write “Opener #8” and then:1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours2) Rate your comprehension for thisweek’s topic so far: lost<1-5>easy3) Respond to the Opener by writingat least 1 sentences about:Your opinions/thoughts OR/ANDQuestions sparked by the clip OR/ANDSummary of the clip OR/ANDAnnouncements: None
Agenda1) Introduce new nations of Italy andGermany (1800s)What you will be able to do:1) Italy and Germany are new?Reminder1) Study for Ch 17-25 Test on BlockDay and Print DBQ
Opener 1 Permission Slip Due Fri Bruce Lee2)Hi-talked with friends, Lo-Feeling tired Period 22) Why was Japan’s military modernizationturn out better than China’s? 8/25/123) 3 Asian ImperialismNotes #1a Meiji Emperor more symbol than powerMeiji Young, handsome, wore Western clothesEmperorActiv #1a 1) 3 because tradition is importantDebate 2) 5 because survival is most importantActiv #1b 1) The reason students returned was nationalism.Reading 2) I think people are more individualistic today.Military #1Ruso War?Closing your country to threats can weaken you.
Review1) Napoleon Conquers Europe: Being under French control awakens nationalism.2) Congress of Vienna (1814-1815): Meeting of all the nation’s leaders (incld. French rep). 2 Goal: 1) Restore old monarchal system to pre-revolution 2) Surround France with strong but balanced nations (merged 300 nations into 38)Metternich:Austria’s foreign ministerLed Cong. of Vienna, organizedmonarchs to help each if ever arevolution breaks out (Holy Alliance)
Review1) Nationalism: Pride in your own people, culture,history, language. Grows during 1800s, helped by:Political Revolutions: Self Determination + RightsIndus Revolutions: Mass transport + communication
In the 1800s:We will see today how nationalism creates the countries of Germany and Italy.And weaken the Austrian and Ottoman Empire.We assume nationalism always existed, but if you think about it, before 1776, the idea of seeing yourself as a country is new.
1) 1848 Revolts Spread: Fight against monarchies:a) Inspired by Frenchb) Wave of nationalismc) Rise of socialism (Com. Manifesto written this yr)d) Poor harvest (Irish start mig. to US this year)All fail, but mass attempt is a sign of enligh change!All fail except
Notes #8a, Title: “Nationalism Notes”1) Italy (Pre-1861): Italian people lived in separatesmall nations (county/citystate) Sardinia, Sicily, Rome1848, northern Italians tried to create their owncountry by breaking away from Austria, but failed.2) Victor Emmanuel: King of Sardinia, allied withNapoleon III to free itself from Austria3) Giuseppe Garibaldi: Nationalist, led “Red Shirt” volunteers to unify Italy, hands over conquered land to Emmanuel.4) Unified Italy (1861): Emmanuel crowned king of Italy (1st unified Italy since Roman Empire)Rome: Ruled by the Pope, under protection of France, when Prussia invades France, Rome falls to the unified Italy (San Marino remains free, 1929, Vatican City given autonomy)
Notes #8a, Title: “Germany Notes”4) German Ppl: Not unified, some in Prussia,Austria, and others in small nations between5) Prussia: More homogenously Germanic, King Wilhelm led well run gov + industrializedIn 1848, rebelling Germans offered their landto Prussia to create Germany, Wilhelm Irejects it, fearing the rebels wanteddemocracy. Wilhelm I later take land tru conquest6) Otto von Bismarck (1862-1890): Prussia’sPrime Minister, dedicated to King WilhelmRealpoltik: Ends justify the means inexpanding state (Wilhelm I’s) powerStrong Military: Utilize industrializationDisregard Democracy: Strong nation is what matters
Notes #8a, Title: “Germany Notes”4) German Ppl: Not unified, some in Prussia,Austria, and others in small nations between
Notes #8a, Title: “Germany Notes”5) Prussia: More homogenously Germanic, King Wilhelm led well run gov + industrializedIn 1848, rebelling Germans offered their landto Prussia to create Germany, Wilhelm Irejects it, fearing the rebels wanteddemocracy. Wilhelm I later take land tru conquest
6) Otto von Bismarck (1862-1890): Prussia’sPrime Minister, dedicated to King Wilhelm IRealpoltik: Ends justify the means in expanding state (Wilhelm I’s) powerStrong Military: Utilize industrializationDisregard Democracy: Strong nation is what matters
“The position of Prussia in Germany will not be determined by its liberalism but by its power ... Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided - that was the great mistake of 1848 and 1849 - but by iron and blood.” -Bismarck
Poem by Ernst Moritz ArndtWhere is the Germans fatherland?Bavarian land? or Stygian land?Where sturdy peasants plough the plain?Where mountain-sons bright metal gain?Ah, no, no, no!His fatherlands not bounded so!Where is the Germans fatherland?Then name, then name the mighty land!The Austrian land in fight renowned?The Kaisers land with honors crowned?Ah, no, no, no!His fatherland s not bounded so!This is the land, the one true land,O God, to aid be thou at hand!
Notes #8a, Title: “Germany Notes”7) Austro-Prussian War (1866): Prussia beats Austria a) Bismarck allies w. Austria to attacks Denmark, splits Denmark, b) Bismark allies w. France, attacks Austria. Takes land from Austria.8) Franco Prussian War (1870): Prussia beats FranceNapoleon III 1st hoped war divert ppl from local problems a) Bismarck puts Germanic king in Spain to anger France. b) France ask King Wilhelm to ask his nephew to step down in Spain in a telegram c) Bismarck edits telegram to make it look like King William insulted the French d) France declares war, Napoleon III captured e) France creates 3rd Republic, loses war and land9) UK Isolationism: UK stays out of Europe’s
Unedited Version of TelegramNaturally I told him that I had notyet received any news and sincehe had been better informed viaParis and Madrid than I was, hemust surely see that mygovernment was not concernedin the matter.
Edited Version of TelegramHis Majesty the King thereuponrefused to receive theAmbassador again and had thelatter informed by the adjutant ofthe day that His Majesty had nofurther communication to maketo the Ambassador.
10) Second Reich (1871, 2nd Holy Empire, 1st theRoman Empire): Remaining German nationask Prussia’s King Wilhelm II (grandson) to taketitle of Kaiser (emperor). 1890, Kaiser askBismarck resign.11) Germany Supremacy: 1862-1914, #1 Europe Power.a) Gov Aided Research: Speeds up priority areasb) Public Education: Obedient, factory workforce developers of more sciencec) Military Technology: More powerfuld) Mass Transit: Faster factories, faster militarye) Social Programs: Helps the poor, to slow socialism (UK copied Germany anti-socialism)