DRAW A LINE BETWEEN TODAY AND THE LAST LESSONRIGHT CORNER: 1) Write: Name: _, Period: _,Date: 02/28/12, Topic: China ImperialismLEFT CORNER: Write “Opener #5” and then:1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours2) Rate your comprehension for thisweek’s topic so far: lost<1-5>easy3) Respond to the Opener by writingat least 1 sentences about:Your opinions/thoughts OR/ANDQuestions sparked by the clip OR/ANDSummary of the clip OR/ANDAnnouncements: None
Opener 1 Permission Slip Due Fri Bruce Lee2)Hi-talked with friends, Lo-Feeling tired Period 22) Why was Japan’s military modernizationturn out better than China’s? 8/25/123) 3 Asian ImperialismNotes #5a Meiji Emperor more symbol than powerMeiji Young, handsome, wore Western clothesEmperorActiv #5a 1) 3 because tradition is importantDebate 2) 5 because survival is most importantActiv #1b 1) The reason students returned was nationalism.Reading 2) I think people are more individualistic today.Military #1Ruso War?Closing your country to threats can weaken you.
WH (9th) Agenda1) China Imperialism2) Timeline of the 3 Aging Powers:Ottomons, Russia, ChinaReminder1) Ottomons, Russia, China will beon the quiz on block day, but youcan use your handwritten timeline.
Mini Review1) Enlightenment: 1600s, new ideas re sci + liberty2) Liberalism: Individual Freedom a) Free Market/Capitalism: Indiv should have the right to do business (A Smith, this brings a nation most wealth), no nation should stop trade.3) Imperialism vs Capitalism: Liberalism is against controlling people, it’s for indiv to decide their own future. SO if a gov stops ppl from buying, it’s the liberal response to conquer that gov a) Mercantilism: Trade follows the flag. b) Imperialist Capitalism: the flag follows trade.
Notes #5a, Title: “China Imperialism Notes”1) Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): Dictatorial rule of an emperor/ress, China felt superior to other nations, needed nothing foreign (Empress Ci Xi (Dowager)> Emperor Guang Xu > Ci Xi again > Emperor Puyi)
Notes #5a, Title: “China Imperialism Notes”2) Trade Imbalance: Nation buys more, but sells lessa) Europe bought: Chinese teas, porcelain, silkb) China bought: nothing, so #1 holder of Eur. silver3) Opium Trade: UK discovered China would buyBritish (India-grown) opium, China loses silver
Notes #5a, Title: “China Imperialism Notes”4) Opium Wars (1839): China attempts to stop opium trade, Britain goes to war to defend free trade5) Unequal Treaty/Treaty of Nanjing (1842):a) China must open portsb) Foreigners need only obey for. laws, not China’sc) British gain Hong Kong2nd Opium Wars, rest of Eur.+US get a-b (later Japan)
Primary Source:Commissioner Lins Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839“We have heard that in your own country opium is prohibitedwith the utmost strictness and severity:---this is a strongproof that you know full well how hurtful it is to mankind.Since then you do not permit it to injure your own country,you ought not to have the injurious drug transferred toanother country, and above all others, how much less to theInner Land!Our celestial empire rules over ten thousand kingdoms! Mostsurely do we possess a measure of godlike majesty which yecannot fathom! Still we cannot bear to slay or exterminatewithout previous warning, and it is for this reason that wenow clearly make known to you the fixed laws of our land. Ifthe foreign merchants of your said honorable nation desire tocontinue their commercial intercourse, they then musttremblingly obey our recorded statutes.”1) What is the tone AND how should UK respond
Notes #5b, Title: “China Imperialism Notes”1) Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864): Hong Xiuquan, thought he was Jesus’s brother, rallied poor in failed revolt, 20 mil die! China weakened more.
2) Hundred Days of Reform (1898): Emperor Guang Xu encourages reformers, Ci Xi arrest her grandson, and conservatives back in controla) Reformers: Wanted China to “self strengthen,” they developed Eur. factories, Eur. weapons, translated Eur. technical booksb) Conservatives: Closest advisors to the Ci Xi argued western ideas/tech pollute Chinese culture
1898 Peking Gazette reporting on the 100 Days of Reform1. The establishment of a university at Peking.2. The sending of imperial clansmen to foreign countries tostudy the forms and conditions of European and Americangovernment.3. The encouragement of the arts, sciences and modernagriculture.7. Urged that the Lu-Han railway should be prosecuted withmore vigour and expedition.8. Advised the adoption of Western arms and drill for all theTartar troops.9. Ordered the establishment of agricultural schools in all theprovinces to teach the farmers improved methods.10. Ordered the introduction of patent and copyright laws.26. The slow courier posts were abolished in favour of theImperial Customs Post.27. A system of budgets as in Western countries.
3) Sino-Japanese War (1894): Newly industrialize Japan defeats China, take Taiwan
4) Boxer Rebellion (1899): Desperate anti-foreign feelings and increased nationalism leads war to expel foreigners and their technology.1) Killed foreigners Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fistsand all Chinese whohad any connection offoreign culture.2) Burned foreignmerchandise3) Destroyed schoolsand churches4) Demolishedrailroad tracks5) Cut down telegraphlines
Notes #5b, Title: “China Imperialism Notes”5) Open Door Policy (1899): US not prepared to fight for a piece of China argued China should be open to all trade + foreigners.
Map of Shanghai and parts controlled by foreigners.
Notes #5b, Title: “Imperial Japan Notes6) Wuchang Revolution (10/10/1911): Military officers and foreign educated Chinese bring back Eur. enlightenment ideas, and overthrow emperor.7) Sun Yat Sen: Leading reformer becomes president for 1 year, China split by warlords and political groups (Nationalist/Capitalist+Communist)Sun’s 3 Principles of the Ppl: 1) Chinese nationalism 2) End foreign domination 3) Strengthen Chinese economy (factories and redistribute land)
On a Separate Piece of Paper:Great Powers Weakened During Ind RevCreate 3 timelines + 3 recom for: Ottomans, Russia, China(focus on attempts to gain power, and points they lost power)(We leave at Austria since you didn’t read Austria and it was weakened by ethnic diversity not lack of industrial growth)
3 Separate Piece of PapersOutline:3)DBQ: Is India better or worse of because of British imperialism?2) Analyze social & economic continuity & change in India from 1526-1885.3) Comp & Contrast African nation attempts to Westernize.Outline by yourself + compare/add.
Homework:1) Follow the reading scheduleFriday Test Review (extra points for anyone that brings “wired devices”)Test on ?-25 on Tues 3/06