The Solar System[1][1] 1


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The Solar System[1][1] 1

  1. 1. The Solar System By Andy and Joy
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul><ul><li>Venus </li></ul><ul><li>Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Mars </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto </li></ul>
  3. 3. Saturn <ul><li>Saturn has an orbit 1,429,000 Km from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter of the planet is 120,536 Km around </li></ul><ul><li>The mass is 5.65x10^26 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn has 34 names satellites orbiting it </li></ul><ul><li>What its made up of </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Saturn is made up of <ul><li>Saturn is about 75% hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of the planet is made up of about 25% helium with traces of water, methane, ammonia and rock </li></ul>
  5. 5. Uranus <ul><li>The Orbit of the planet is about 2,870,990,000 Km from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter of the planet is 51,118 Km </li></ul><ul><li>The Mass of the planet is 8.683x10^25 </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus’ Atmosphere </li></ul>
  6. 6. Uranus’ Atmosphere <ul><li>Uranus' atmosphere is about 83% hydrogen, 15% helium and 2% methane. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Neptune <ul><li>Neptune has an orbit of 4,504,000,000 Km from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter of the planet is 49,532 Km </li></ul><ul><li>The mass of the planet is 1.0247x10^26 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune has seven names satellites </li></ul>
  8. 8. Neptune's satellites <ul><li>Naiad </li></ul><ul><li>Thalassa </li></ul><ul><li>Despina </li></ul><ul><li>Galatea </li></ul><ul><li>Larissa </li></ul><ul><li>Proteus </li></ul><ul><li>Triton </li></ul><ul><li>Nereid </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pluto <ul><li>Pluto’s orbit is 5,913,520,000 Km from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter is only 2274 Km </li></ul><ul><li>The mass is 1.27x10^22 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto was initially classified as a planet right after its discovery 75 years ago, however in 2006 a new definition of what a planet is was release and Pluto didn’t fit into the new description. </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet in a whole new category from the others </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jupiter <ul><li>Jupiter is the biggest planet of the nine at 1.900x10^27 </li></ul><ul><li>If Jupiter were hollow than more than 1 thousand Earths could fit inside of it </li></ul><ul><li>This planet has a lot of satellites orbiting it because of its huge size </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike Saturn's intricate and complex ring patterns, Jupiter has a simple ring system that is composed of an inner halo, a main ring and a Gossamer ring </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jupiter’s Satellites <ul><li>Four Galilean Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Io </li></ul><ul><li>Europa </li></ul><ul><li>Ganymede </li></ul><ul><li>Callisto </li></ul><ul><li>There are 57 total moons orbiting the planet but those are the four that Galileo discovered with his telescope </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mars <ul><li>Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and other than the earth is the best planet for supporting life </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this many visit have been made to this planet by various NASA rovers for vide taping </li></ul><ul><li>The first space craft to visit mars was the Mariner 4 in 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>The planets orbit is 227,940,000 Km from the sun~this makes average days in warmth but very cold nights </li></ul><ul><li>The planets mass is 6.4219x10^23~ which is slightly smaller than earth </li></ul>
  13. 13. Venus <ul><li>Sixth Largest planet in the solar system </li></ul><ul><li>Venus’ orbit is the most circular of all the planets~108,200,000 KM from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter~12,103.6 KM </li></ul><ul><li>Mass~4.869x10 ^24 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Pressure of Venus and what makes up the planet <ul><li>The pressure of Venus is about 90 times of what the Earth is </li></ul><ul><li>Standing on Venus would be the equivalent of being 1Km deep in our ocean </li></ul><ul><li>The planet is made up of mostly carbon dioxide with a layer of clouds several miles thick. This creates the greenhouse affect that keeps the planet very hot </li></ul>
  15. 15. Earth <ul><li>The Earths orbit is 149,600,000 Km from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter is 12,756.3 Km with a mass of 5.972x10^24 Kg </li></ul><ul><li>The earth is made up of multiple layers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Earths layers <ul><li>Crust 0-40 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Mantle 40-400 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Region 400-650 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Mantle 650-2700 Km </li></ul><ul><li>D Layer 2700-2890 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Outer Core 2890-5150 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Core 5150-6378 Km </li></ul>
  17. 17. Mercury <ul><li>Orbit~ 57,910,000 km </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter~4,880 km </li></ul><ul><li>Mass~ 3.30x10^23 kg </li></ul><ul><li>Surface </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mercury’s Surface <ul><li>The surface has craters that resemble our moon. </li></ul><ul><li>The atmosphere is very thin and because it is so close to the sun, it is very hot~90 degrees Kelvin at night to 700 degrees Kelvin during the day </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sun <ul><li>Diameter~ 1,390,000 km </li></ul><ul><li>Mass~ 1.989x10^30 </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature~ 15.6 million kalvin </li></ul><ul><li>What the sun is made of… </li></ul>
  20. 20. What the Sun is made of… <ul><li>70 percent hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>28 percent helium </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 2 percent metal </li></ul>