TaskWith the information you have been given about the country that you are leading:2. Suggest 4 policies that can be implemented to get the country in order.3. Suggest setting up at least 2 ministries that can handle issues in the country and give some details of what they do.4. Come up with a way to build a sense of belonging in your country.You have 15 minutes to complete your discussion before the sharing.
Country A• Total population: 1000• Citizens: 4 different races, four main languages• Country size: 640 square metres• % living in poverty: 10 %• % with access to clean water and healthcare: 88%• Issue: Different races do not mix with each other. Homes of each race are usually found together in areas. Schooling is also separate for each race.
Country B• Total population: 15000• Citizens: 2 different races, multiple dialect but one common language• Country size: 13000 square metres• % living in poverty: 90 %• % with access to clean water and healthcare: 4%• Issue: Extreme poverty, farmland not fertile and bad weather conditions make agriculture difficult
Country C• Total population: 600• Citizens: 1 races• Country size: 5000 square metres• % living in poverty: 40 %• % with access to clean water and healthcare: 28%• Issue: Very rural country, very little access to facilities, mainly farming community but earnings are dependent very much on weather conditions.
Country D• Total population: 333000• Citizens: 7 different races, 8 different language spoken• Country size: 1000 square metres• % living in poverty: 30 %• % with access to clean water and healthcare: 70%• Issue: Different races do not mix with each other. Homes of each race are usually found together in areas. Schooling is also separate for each race. No common language. Very crowded land area, people living in huts with at least 12 people in a small area the size of a bus stop.
Chapter 1: Singapore – A Nation in the World Questions for you:2. What is INDEPENDENCE?3. What is a country, a state and a nation?4. What makes states vulnerable? a. How similar are challenges faced by states?5. How does Singapore deal with challenges? a. What are our natural constraints? b. What was our road to independence like?6. What were the challenges faced by Singapore as a newly- independent state?
INDEPENDENCE is …..• the FREEDOM of a people to decide for themselves – how they want to be governed and – what plans to make for the future• the ABILITY to overcome challenges / serious problems that have serious impact on their existence
Country, state , nation? An area of land that is ruled by a government. It refers to the GEOGRAPHICAL location of a group of people. Refers to the GOVERNMENT MACHINERY within an area of land (“country”). Is ‘formed’ when a group of people in a distinct geographical area accept one another and see themselves as having a COMMON DESTINY
2 definitions of ‘NATION’A nation exists when a significant number of people in a A single people, traditionally fixed on a well-defined territory, speaking community consider the same language and preferable themselves to form a nation, or a language of its own, possessing behave as if they have formed a distinctive culture, and shaped one. It is not necessary that to a common mould by many generations of shared historical the whole of the population experience. should feel so, or so behave, and it is not possible to lay down a minimum percentage of a population which must be so affected. When a significant group holds this belief, it possesses national consciousness.
Singapore as a nation ?Singapore is not 100 percent a As part of a continuing exercise to nation but that takes a much, build the Singapore nation, the much longer time. Considering work of the S21 Committee how little time Singapore has, must be implemented to it is remarkable how many strengthen the process of people in Singapore do think of nation-building. For Singapore themselves as Singaporeans is not yet a nation. It is only a first. I think if the majority of the state, a sovereign entity. people very naturally and A view shared by Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong comfortably – not artificially – on Singapore as a nation on 5 May 1999 during a regard themselves as Parliament seating Singaporeans, that’s an achievement. A view by Wang Gung Wu, a professor who taught History at the University of Singapore in the 1970s
What makes states vulnerable States are exposed to danger / attacks (“vulnerable”) because of the CHALLENGES they faced. Are people living in the newly independent state supportive of Can the newly independent statetheir government’s programme to ‘develop’ into a nation? protect and enrich their lives? Can the government of the newlyCan the newly independent state independent state carry out maintain its sovereignty? programmes to meet the needs of its citizens?
How similar are the challenges faced by newly-independent states We are conscious that independence does not just mean having a constitution, a flag, a President, a Parliament and a Government. Independence should meet the needs of theTo bring freedom and opportunity people, to enhance the ability ofto the people of India; to fight and the nation to face challenges, toend poverty, ignorance and remove illiteracy and poverty, todisease; to build a prosperous, build the foundation for trade anddemocratic and progressive commerce, to promote foreignnation; and to create social, investment and to create stableeconomic and political structures employment for its citizens.which will ensure justice for all. To Without these elements,the nations and peoples of the independence has no meaning toworld, we pledge ourselves to the people and there will becooperate with them to establish instability in Timor Leste and thepeace, freedom and democracy. region.
A small island - 42 km from east towest by 23 km from north to south,completely lacking in significantnatural resources other than astrategic location - this wasSingapore immediately beforeinternal self-government in 1959. What has shaped the way Singapore deals with challenges
• Japanese Occupation • Limited self-government – We can only depend on – We must keep our ourselves to defend independence status at all what is ours cost• Year of strikes • Federation years – Meeting citizens’ basic – Confrontation with Indonesia needs is critical • Be a friend of Indonesia• Communist terror – Race riots • Equal treatment to all races – Disorders resulting from riots and strikes can topple the government
CHALLENGES faced by newly-independent Singapore
Chapter 1: Singapore – A Nation in the World Questions for you:2. What is INDEPENDENCE3. What are country, state and nation4. What makes states vulnerable a. How similar are challenges faced by states5. How does Singapore deal with challenges a. What are our natural constraints b. What was our road to independence like6. What were the challenges faced by Singapore as a newly- independent state