Presentation of beef cattle value chains 04 mar-2013_english

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beef-cattle value chain

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Presentation of beef cattle value chains 04 mar-2013_english

  1. 1. BEEF CATTLE VALUE CHAIN IN SCC VIET NAM & INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Presented by Ho Cao Viet Quy Nhon, 5-6 March 2013 Institute of Agricultural Sciences for Southern Vietnam
  2. 2. Production & consumption of beef in global market & Vietnam
  3. 3. Source: Beef Industry Analysis. Agricultural Industries Group. 2012.
  4. 4. Source: Beef Industry Analysis. Agricultural Industries Group. 2012. India is largest exporter in 2012 (1,68 mi.tons; expected 2,16 mil. Tons in 2013)
  5. 5. Source: Beef Industry Analysis. Agricultural Industries Group. 2012. 4th largest importer; imported beef meat 300 tons per year
  6. 6. Beef-cattle production in SSC, 2005-2011 In 2011-2012: Price of beef meat: 180-320 thousand VND (9-16USD)/kg 100 150 200 250 300 350 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Beef-cattle(1000head) Bình Định Phú Yên Ninh Thuận 2009-2011: Trend to move down by 4-5% Source: General Statistic Office, 2011-2012.
  7. 7. Methodology & methods
  8. 8. Methodology of research Describe & positioning structure of chain Financial & cost-benefit analysis Agents & overall chain Strategy & Intervention to improvement of chain Feedback of local beneficiaries New projects /programs Qualitative & Quantitative methods
  9. 9. Major supply chain of beef-cattle in SCC Farmers Collectors Dealers, distributors Retailers, processing units Slaughter houses Beef-cattle Beef-cattle Meat, Born & by- products Meat, Born & by- products Product line Production stage Marketing stage
  10. 10. Description & positioning beef-cattle value chain in SCC 70%B eef 75%B eef 25% Beef Meat & by- products Meat leather Farmer Slaughter houses Leathe r (10%) Meat (30%) Born, bood Slaughters in Dong Nai & HCMC Local market ProvincialD ealer Distributors Factories in HCMC Retailers Market in HCM city 30% Beef Middle men
  11. 11. Financial parameters in value chain of cassava and beef cattle Inputs Total production (P) Intermediate costs (I.C) Value of main products Value of by- products Input materials Added Value (VA) Hired labor cost Financial cost Taxation Gross Profit (GPr) Depreciation Net Profit (NPr)
  12. 12. Value Added analysis of overall chains IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading P Farmer P Processing P Trading VA Farmer + VA Processing + VA Trading IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading GPr Trading VA chain
  13. 13. India become beef- meat largest exporter in 2012, WHY ?
  14. 14. Major factors: 1-Competitive low price beef 2- Export-oriented slaughter units 3- Robust demand for lean 4- Provide halal product (exported to Malaysia) Source: Merco Press – South Atlantic News Agency (2012).
  15. 15. Intervention for improvement of beef- cattle value chain in SSC
  16. 16. Prerequisites of a successful food system Source: CAPI, 2012.
  17. 17. Two approaches for marketing strategy Source: CAPI, 2012
  18. 18. Feedback of beneficiaries on beef-cattle value chain intervention for improvement
  19. 19.  18 questions relating to strategy and solution for improvement of chain  16 samples of beneficiaries: 18.8% farmers; 18.8% local collector; 18.8% slaughter house; 43.8% officer/staff in DARD/local gevernment
  20. 20. Question on “farmer, local collector, slaughter coordination in marketing in order improve added value of chain” no comment very adaptable
  21. 21. Question on “efficiency credit program for husbandry (amount of loan, relevant interest rate, technical support)” no comment very adaptable
  22. 22. Increasing productivity on-farm The key drivers of farm profitability are:  Increasing pasture, forage and supplemental feeds utilization rates (Q5:62.5%; 37.5% very adaptable)  Reducing mortality  Increasing carcass rate  Increasing price per unit sold  Reducing feed costs per unit sold
  23. 23. Technical solutions to increase productivity on-farm  Higher performance programs for breeding & artificial insertion (Q2:81.3%)  Introducing high-biomass grass varieties & adapting with extreme weather condition (Q4:100%)  Applying nutrients-balance, modify micro- elements & mineral salt, fattening by cassava products, fermented by-products (rice straw, cassava leaf, etc.) (Q5:100%)
  24. 24. Technical solutions to increase productivity on-farm (cont.)  Increasing ratio of vaccination & mapping for disease prediction (Q10:93.8%)  Training farmers on marketing skill (Q8:93.8%)  Applying husbandry technics towards organic farming and GAP
  25. 25. Improve supply chain & market information  Transparence in price & transaction mode (farmers-collectors-middlemen) (81.3%)  Uploading website for market-price analysed information  Organizing auction systems for cattle (31.3%)  Policies to encourage beef-cattle husbanry towards high-quality, safety and competitive price, target to high-income domestic market and exportation (87.6%)
  26. 26. Improve supply chain & market information (cont.)  Improving size of herds & develop specialized-farm in relevant regions (81.3%)  Doing markert studies, finding out new high-competitive markets , in term of price and quality (organic farming, natural grazing, non-use chemicals and industrial feeds)
  27. 27. Thanks for your attention !

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