Wood Refinishing

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  • Wood Refinishing

    1. 1. Wood Refinishing
    2. 2. Content <ul><li>Wood overview </li></ul><ul><li>Solids vs veneer </li></ul><ul><li>Precision repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Finish types & characteristics </li></ul>
    3. 3. Wood Overview <ul><li>Softwood usually equates with coniferous trees such as pine </li></ul><ul><li>Hardwood usually equates with deciduous trees such as Ash, Oak, Mahogany, Teak, Walnut </li></ul><ul><li>Pine was not used as a decorative wood in its own right until the 20 th century </li></ul>
    4. 4. Veneer Vs Solids <ul><li>First became popular in the late 17 th & 18 th Centuries & was hand cut </li></ul><ul><li>At this time it was more about decoration than economy and was often laid on a Mahogany substrate </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to cut veneer mechanically by 19 th Century enabled cheaper furniture to be made </li></ul><ul><li>Today particle boards (mdf /chipboard) act as substrates & is more about economy / conservation than decoration </li></ul><ul><li>Modern veneer is only 0.8 mm thick </li></ul>
    5. 5. Precision Repairs <ul><li>Precision repairs are cosmetic repairs without recourse to refinishing and usually on site:- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat / water marks (blooms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gouges / dents/scratches/chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour loss </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Which Finish? WHICH FINISH? Durable Non Durable Wax Low Heat / Water Resistance French Polish Better heat / water resistance Durable Traditional Modern Oil Lacquer The term French Polishing has become generic for all wood finishing
    7. 7. Finish Types & Characteristics WAX & OIL <ul><li>Apart from paint the oldest form of wood finish </li></ul><ul><li>Beeswax polish and furniture oils such as Danish, Tung & Linseed are finishes in their own right </li></ul>QUALTIES WAX OIL Easy to apply Yes Yes Durability Low High Heat /Water Reistance Low High Renewability / Revival Yes Yes
    8. 8. Finish Types / Characteristics French Polish <ul><li>First introduced into UK early 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>A solution of shellac in alchohol </li></ul><ul><li>A natural product exuded by an insect laccifer laqcca common in India </li></ul><ul><li>A time consuming hand process using a pad (rubber) to apply numerous light coats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grain Filling – Fadding – Bodying – Stiffing/Spiriting - Waxing </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Finish Types & Characteristics Lacquer <ul><li>Comes in two basic formats – Solvent Based or Water Based </li></ul><ul><li>Available in various sheen levels </li></ul><ul><li>Solvent -Advantage is quick drying </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage not environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Water Based - Advantage environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage slower drying </li></ul><ul><li>Water based is the future - significant strides have been made </li></ul>
    10. 10. Long Eaton School Project
    11. 11. <ul><li>For full information on our services see </li></ul><ul><li>www.furnituremedic-midlands.co.uk </li></ul>

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