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Wine Transportation


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Wine Transportation

  1. 1. Wine Transportation<br />By Chip Curtis<br />
  2. 2. First the Earth cool, then the Dinosaurs came<br />Douglas (2008)<br />
  3. 3. And then the Romans came<br />Early Romans Times<br />Clay Amphorae<br />Late Roman Times<br />Barrels<br />Middle Ages<br />Introduction of Bottles and jugs<br />Picture from<br />(Wikipedia, 2010) <br />
  4. 4. Modern Shipping<br />Shipping by the Case<br />12 Bottles<br />Shipping by the Container<br />By the case<br />By the Bladder<br />Shipping by the tank<br />25,000 L<br />Shipping by the tanker truck<br />≅24,000 L<br />Shipping by train<br />Tank or container<br />Picture from<br />(Pregler, 2008)<br />
  5. 5. On Land Shipping<br />Truck & Trailer<br />Limited by weight restrictions<br />Expensive due to fuel cost<br />Holds 1,235 cases<br />(Intardonato, 2008)<br />Truck & Tanker<br />Again weight restriction<br />Tanker can hold approx 24,000 L<br />But tankers with smaller compartments available<br />(Pregler, 2008)<br />Rails<br />Cost effective shipping<br />Weight versus fuel cost<br />One box car = 3½  4 truck<br />4,300  5,000 cases<br />Insulated boxcars are available for temperature control<br />One ton (US) of weight moves 436 miles on 1 gallon of fuel <br />(Intardonato, 2008) <br />
  6. 6. By ShipBulk<br />Flexi-tank<br />Large plastic bag within a container<br />25,000 L<br />(TransOcean, n.d.) <br />Air tight<br />Great improvement from early inception<br />(Hartley, 2008)<br />ISO-tank<br />Large stainless steel tank<br />26,000 L<br />Re-usable, but needs to be cleaned<br />(Hartley, 2008)<br />Larger tanks may have problems on roads<br />
  7. 7. By Ship Bottle<br />Container size<br />20 ft<br />Holds 17,336 bottles<br />145 cases<br />40 ft<br />Holds 23,000 bottle<br />1,917 cases<br />Less due to weight restriction on roads<br />(Hartley, 2008)<br />
  8. 8. Problem’s of Shipping due to Temperature Fluctuations<br />Physical<br />Sediment<br />Cloudiness<br />Hazy wines<br />Browning<br />Leaking closures<br />Raised corks<br />Broken bottles<br />Reduced Shelf life<br />(Meyer, 2003) <br />Chemical<br />High VA<br />Re-fermentation, with rs<br />Oxygen uptake<br />Reduce free SO2 Levels<br />Tartrate stability<br />Premature aging characteristics<br />Changes in the total acidity<br />Acetate rapidly hydrolyzed<br />Decrease of terpene alcohols<br />Reduction of esters of volatile acids<br />(Meyer, 2003) <br />
  9. 9. Problems Continued<br />Flavor degradation<br />A baked flavor develops<br />Oxidized<br />Lack of CO2, for bubbles.<br />Lack of fruit flavors<br />Decrease of intensity for young wines<br />Premature aged characteristics<br />Decreased in overall wine quality<br />Slight changes to give false interpretation of the quality and nature of the wine<br />(Meyer, 2003) <br />
  10. 10. Time when temperature is a factor<br />Hot<br />Summer months<br />High Temperature climates<br />Long wait times on docks<br />Travel through tropical climates<br />Spikes were seen in daily temperatures too<br />(Winter, 2002) <br />Cold<br />Winter months<br />Arctic Climates <br />Long waits on docks<br />Wine will freeze, or come close to, in cold climate<br />Heaters in back of trucks can have non-consistent temperatures <br />
  11. 11. Overcoming Temperature problems<br />Temperature Controlled Container (TCC)<br />Refrigerate and insulated containers<br />(Refrigerated Containers (Reefers), n.d.)<br />The most expensive but most effective<br />(Meyer, 2003)<br />Will still have temperature spikes, due to road and staging times<br />(Winter, 2002)<br />Porthole Containers<br />Insulated containers, with no refrigeration unit <br />(Refrigerated Containers (Reefers), n.d.) <br />Insulation blankets<br />Can go in standard containers <br />
  12. 12. Blankets<br />Cargo quilts <br />A couple if inches thick of material<br />Some problems<br />Heavy<br />Bulky<br />Take up warehouse space<br />Initial cost similar to refrigerated container<br />Difficult to reuse<br />(Winter, 2002) <br />Space Blankets<br />Light weight material<br />Easy to reuse<br />Less problem with storage<br />Compared both<br />Found equally good at holding constant temperature<br />Good for both hot and cold climates<br />(Winter, 2002) <br />
  13. 13. Future of Bulk Shipping<br />Wineries should have a network of mean booking shipping means<br />Not by consignment<br />Look at limiting Greenhouse Gasses<br />By shipping more in bulk and having more bottling operation going world wide<br />Look into other means of temperature control for both hot and cold<br />Especially when on downtime<br />(Dunstall, Higgins, Sciberras, CSIRO, & Sinclair-Knight-Merz, 2008) <br />
  14. 14. Then the dinosaurs but got all big and fat, so they all died, and then they turned into oil. And then the Arabs came. <br />Douglas(2008)<br />
  15. 15. Work Cited<br />Douglas, D. (2008, June 12) Useless Movies Quotes: Airplane II: The Sequel. Retrieved August 15, 2010 from Useless Movies Quotes: Airplane II: The Sequel:<br />Dunstall, S., Higgins, A., Sciberras, P., CSIRO, & Sinclair-Knight-Merz. (2008). Innovation Opportunities in Bulk Wine Transport. Victoria: CSIRO.<br />Hartley, A. (2008). Bulk Shipping of Wine and its Implications for Product Quality.Banbury: Wrap.<br />Intardonato, J. (2008, September 15). Shipping More Wine on Less Diesel. Retrieved July 28, 2010 from Wine Business Monthly:<br />Johnson, H. (2005). The Story of Wine (Special Edition ed.). London: Octopus Publish Group Ltd.<br />Meyer, D. (2003, May 17). A Study of the Impact of Shipping/Transportation Conditions and Practices on Wine. Retrieved July 28, 2010 from Wine Business Monthly:<br />Pregler, B. (2008, May 15). Bulk Wine Transportation in the U.S. Retrieved July 28, 2010 from Wine Business Monthly:<br />Refrigerated Containers (Reefers). (n.d.). Retrieved August 16, 2010, from Refrigerated Containers (Reefers):<br />TransOcean. (n.d.). VinBulk.TransOcean.<br />Wikipedia. (2010, August 4). Ancient Rome and Wine. Retrieved August 15, 2010 from Ancient Rome and Wine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopeda:<br />Winter, M. (2002, March 03). When Shipping Wine, Weather is Not Always Your Friend. Retrieved July 28, 2010 from Wine Business Monthly:<br />