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Change Journey Background Part 2 Models

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This presentation is Part 2 of a series on background of the http://www.changejourney.org. It critically reviews a handful of common change models.

Change Journey Background Part 2 Models

  1. 1. The Change Journey Map<br />Background Part 2<br />Change Models<br />
  2. 2. Most change practitioners apply one or more change management models.<br />There are many change models which are supposed to make change happen in organizations.<br />None of them guarantees success.<br />We can understand more about change when we look at some of those models.<br />
  3. 3. Kurt Lewin: Unfreeze<br />
  4. 4. Kurt Lewin: Unfreeze<br />Probably the first change management model.<br />
  5. 5. John Kotter: 8 steps<br />1. Establish a sense of urgency<br />2. Create a coalition<br />3. Develop a clear vision<br />4. Share the vision<br />5. Empower people to clear obstacles<br />8. Secure short-term wins<br />7. Consolidate and keep moving<br />6. Anchor the change<br />
  6. 6. John Kotter: 8 steps<br />John Kotter’s model is one of the most popular and most applied change models.<br />
  7. 7. Elisabeth Kuebler-Ross: Grief Cycle<br />Emotion<br />Shock<br />Acceptance<br />Anger<br />Bargain<br />Depression<br />Denial<br />Time<br />
  8. 8. Elisabeth Kuebler-Ross: Cycle of Grief<br />Kuebler-Ross’ model was develop to understand emotions of people going through change.<br />
  9. 9. David Cooperrider: 4-D-Cycle(Appreciative Inquiry)<br />
  10. 10. David Cooperrider: 4-D-Cycle<br />The 4-D-Cycle is one of many models for implementing a process of positive change based on the philosophy of Appreciative Inquiry.<br />
  11. 11. McKinsey: 7-S model<br />
  12. 12. McKinsey: /7-S model<br />The 7-S model is popular in particular in strategic change management projects.<br />
  13. 13. Prosci: The ADKAR model<br />
  14. 14. Prosci: ADKAR<br />The ADKAR model has become a popular model because of its universal applicability.<br />
  15. 15. Otto Scharmer: Theory U<br />
  16. 16. Otto Scharmer: Theory U<br />Theory U has been the most successful trend in Change Management for the last 10 years. It is based on shifting the perception.<br />
  17. 17. What do we learn?<br />Change models help to understand change. They are more a crutch for change facilitators than a guideline for 1:1 implementation.<br />Change models all address people aspects in change, but they differ in their metaphor or organizations (organizations as machines, organizations as systems. etc.).<br />None of them openly admits that change is complex, consequently most try to reduce complexity.<br />Some change models have a strategic focus (how to make change happen), others not.<br />The older models are more linear than the recent ones.<br />
  18. 18. Is the Change Journey a change model?<br />The Change Journey is not a change model because it does not give any guidance on what has happen in a change process, or on a sequence of steps.<br />The Change Journey admits that change is complex, sometimes chaotic.<br />The Change Journey describes 23+ archetypal situations (places) in which organizations might find themselves. It invites people to enlarge the base of possible archetypes.<br />The Change Journey can be combined with any change model or change toolbox.<br />We call it a meta model.<br />www.changejourney.org<br />

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