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SNARES OF A DECEPTIVE SOCIETYAuthorHenry Musialela Nasilele (B.Eng. MEIZ, R. Eng.)BiographyHenry is an Electrical Engineer...
Thereafter he worked at Nkana in 1998 where he was involved in maintenancemanagement system implementation until 2002 when...
PREFACEThe author has been prompted to write this book in order to illustrate some of thesnares which Satan uses to infilt...
CONTENTS     CHAPTER ONEThe Snare of Confidence Tricksters     1.1     Introduction     1.2     House Rentals – Rogue Tena...
CHAPTER FOURThe Snare of Marital Affairs           4.1    Introduction           4.2    Marriage by Hook and Crook        ...
CHAPTER SIXOther Snares of Society     6.1   Forged Documents     6.2   Unfulfilled Promises           6.2.1 - Sympathy Pr...
CHAPTER ONE                  The Snare of Confidence Tricksters1.1 IntroductionWhat is a Confidence Trickster?According to...
1.2 House Rentals – Rogue TenantsIn 2009 a man showed interest to be a new tenant of a vacant house in Livingstone.The own...
Precautions You Could Take     The fist precaution one should take is to avoid delegating transactions with      potentia...
   Renovation work should be supervised by people you have appointed and    approved by the tenant. You should have acces...
embossed with “Scanned Copy” written across them. Such documents should    only be sent after seeking legal advice if you ...
   He will show sympathy to you for the delay in payment and promise to    compensate you for the inconvenience or loss o...
another convincing story at the next conversation.     He will tend to “over respect” you, by referring to you as “Boss”,...
   Do not shout at him or show anger. An angry man is not focussed on the issue       at hand. The right approach is to s...
This was a setback for the friend who had not yet got a proposal for matrimony. Her friend had to join her husband who was...
that they have gathered enough information which would lead to the arrest of moresuspects.The following day the new tenant...
The children then disclosed to their parents that whilst they were at the farm, a threetonne truck came to take out some h...
The houses were sold to the employees by deducting their book values from theterminal benefits of the employees.This decis...
The son was working for a contracting firm doing business with the Mines as a storesclerk.He was the youngest of the three...
The young man was finally arrested in a neighbouring country where he had fled to.He was given a jail sentence for obtaini...
closed at 12:45 hrs.Up to this time, the day has been bad for business as only $150 worth of sales wererealized from 8:00 ...
The man soon started sweating profusely when he realized that he was also duped ina similar fashion to the computer shop. ...
They asked applicants to send $300 registered mail. The money was said to be forbooking of accommodation of the prospectiv...
He was surprised when he was told that the place was used by a tailoring business andwas not a college! The man told him t...
1.7 Employment OpportunitiesPeople looking for employment locally, overseas and those who want to supplementlow paying job...
A total of 320 applicants paid a total of $256,000 in registration fees to IOBET.There was great expectation from all the ...
The story of the businessman was false and the parking yard the mechanic was shownbelonged to a company which kept the veh...
he could commit himself, the offered job “disappeared” soon after the interview!1.8 Business Partnership – Disowned Owners...
It is always advisable to seek legal advice before going into any partnership. Anunderstanding between "very good friends"...
What surprised Robin was that Jeff requested him to spend more time in the field. Jeffon, the other hand, took up the role...
1.9 Vehicles for Sale – Possible Risks       When you advertise you car in the press do not send a picture of it, just   ...
was costing thrice that amount.According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, "Shanzhai" refers to Chineseimitation and p...
I suggested to him that in order for him to get the full benefits of the phone I couldconnect it to my Laptop so that we i...
*#06#This gives the Cell phones Serial number only. This code works for all Cell Phones,not necessarily Nokia models2.3 - ...
Thereafter, a number of Colleges and Vocational Training Institutions were built.Most of the students who were admitted to...
supposed to learn about Windows XP and Vista applications. This is a mockery.   5) Claims to offer a very wide number of c...
The quality of the service provided by a number of the service providers has been asource of concern.One area where public...
family. It is also good breeding ground for corruption as people are forced to find othermeans to make ends meet.If the to...
The estimate done by the Clerk of Works would then be used as a yardstick forcomparing the tender offers from the bidding ...
2.7 Under Weight MeasuresIn an effort to make more profit, some traders have tendency of giving underweightquantities to u...
In Africa, cattle are regarded as a form of wealth which is comparable to that ofmillionaires in Western societies. A man‟...
The story of the men‟s deaths spread very widely across the neighbourhood and theactivities of the rustlers were thwarted ...
He was so influential that he even played Golf with top Mining Officials.He was popular to the Mine Police because he gave...
“ Hello ! Is that Central Police ? Please connect me to the CID section.. I have two  suspected criminals here who are try...
communication with the rest of operations at the pit.His radio call sign was “Omega 55”.He was due to knock of at 22:30 hr...
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Snares of a Deceptive Society

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The author has been prompted to write this book in order to illustrate some of the snares which Satan uses to infiltrate the human mind.

Adam, the first man, was created by God in his own image without sin.
Satan tempted Eve to eat the forbidden fruit of the Garden of Eden. Later on Adam was convinced by Eve to eat the same fruit.

God was angry with them. "So the Lord God expelled him from the garden in Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken. When he drove the man out, he placed on the eastern side of the garden in Eden angelic sentries who used the flame of a whirling sword to guard the way to the tree of life." (Genesis 3:23-24).
As a result of sin, the human mind has deviated from the spirit of God.

The Bible describes the human mind thus:-
"The human mind is more deceitful than anything else. It is incurably bad. Who can understand it?" (Jeremiah 17:9).

Our Lord Jesus Christ describes Satan as "The thief who comes only to steal and kill and destroy,” (John 10:10) and people who are under Satan’s influence thus: -
"You people are from your father the devil, and you want to do what your father desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not uphold the truth, because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, because he is a liar and the father of lies." (John 8:44).
To illustrate on how some snares are perpetrated by Satan, some stories have been written. The stories, except for those mentioned as real life stories, do not refer to any persons living or dead and do not refer to any particular real events that have happened.

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Snares of a Deceptive Society

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. SNARES OF A DECEPTIVE SOCIETYAuthorHenry Musialela Nasilele (B.Eng. MEIZ, R. Eng.)BiographyHenry is an Electrical Engineer who was educated at the University of Zambia from1972.He was in the fourth batch of locally trained Zambian engineers from the School ofEngineering of the University, which was first established in 1969.When he joined the then Nchanga Consolidated Copper Mines Limited in Chingola in1977, most the engineers working for mining industry then were expatriates.It was a big challenge for the young engineer who has to excel in a group of engineersfrom other countries.In 1983 he was transferred to Konkola Division of the then Zambia ConsolidatedCopper Mines Limited in Chililabombwe where he worked as a project design engineerfor surface and underground installations.In 1986 he was sent to the United Kingdom for post graduate training in PowerSystems installation and maintenance.He was sent for training for Maintenance System engineers at Redcliffe in Zimbabwe.He was part of ten engineers from Preference Trade Area countries who were trainedunder the auspices of UNIDO.He then worked as a Maintenance Systems implementation engineer at NchangaDivision in Chingola from 1990In 1992 he was again involved in project work involving installation of new equipmentat the Concentrator and Tailings Leach Plant at Nchanga.In 1994 he was transferred to the then Power Division of Zambia Consolidated CopperMines Limited where he continued with installation of at Mufulira Division‟sunderground equipment.Henry worked at Nampundwe Mine in 1996 as a Head of Engineering. 2
  3. 3. Thereafter he worked at Nkana in 1998 where he was involved in maintenancemanagement system implementation until 2002 when he retired.In 2004 he was re-engaged by the mining industry on a fixed contract, by KonkolaCopper Mines Plc at Nchanga Integrated Business Unit, as a Plant Electrical Engineeruntil January 2010.Henry had been in a group of experienced engineers who were called on manyoccasions to investigate a number of very serious electrical accidents across themining industry.Henry is an avid reader and is a self-taught Website designer.He has been writing Blogs on the internet since 2009 but started writing articles offlinein 2008.This is his first book to be published. It is given free of charge as service to society.Henry is married to Bridget .They have six adult children.Henry NasileleKitweRepublic of ZambiaOctober 2010 3
  4. 4. PREFACEThe author has been prompted to write this book in order to illustrate some of thesnares which Satan uses to infiltrate the human mind.Adam, the first man, was created by God in his own image without sin.Satan tempted Eve to eat the forbidden fruit of the Garden of Eden. Later on Adamwas convinced by Eve to eat the same fruit.God was angry with them. "So the Lord God expelled him from the garden in Eden tocultivate the ground from which he had been taken. When he drove the man out, heplaced on the eastern side of the garden in Eden angelic sentries who used the flameof a whirling sword to guard the way to the tree of life." (Genesis 3:23-24).As a result of sin, the human mind has deviated from the spirit of God.The Bible describes the human mind thus:-"The human mind is more deceitful than anything else. It is incurably bad. Who canunderstand it?" (Jeremiah 17:9).Our Lord Jesus Christ describes Satan as "The thief who comes only to steal and killand destroy,” (John 10:10) and people who are under Satan‟s influence thus: -"You people are from your father the devil, and you want to do what your fatherdesires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not uphold the truth,because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies, he speaks according to his ownnature, because he is a liar and the father of lies." (John 8:44).To illustrate on how some snares are perpetrated by Satan, some stories have beenwritten. The stories, except for those mentioned as real life stories, do not refer to anypersons living or dead and do not refer to any particular real events that havehappened.As Christians, it is our duty to continually fight the snares of Satan with the Word ofGod.This book does not claim to be the "be-it-all" or a "crime-busting" manual of life.The snares mentioned in this book are just a tip of an iceberg of many others. I prayto the Lord that more books would be written in future regarding the same.DisclaimerThe author takes no responsibility for any loss incurred by the reader as aresult of the advice or opinion given in this book. 4
  5. 5. CONTENTS CHAPTER ONEThe Snare of Confidence Tricksters 1.1 Introduction 1.2 House Rentals – Rogue Tenants 1.3 House Rentals – Criminal Tenants 1.4 House Sales – Crooked Vendors 1.5 Retail Business – Shops Lose Merchandise 1.6 Vocational Training – Fake Training Institutions 1.7 Employment Opportunities 1.8 Business Partnership – Disowned Ownership 1.9 Vehicles for Sale – Possible Risks CHAPTER TWOThe Snare of Quick Profit 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Imitation Products 2.3 Fake Products 2.4 Low Quality Educational Institutions 2.5 The Cost of Poor Service 2.6 Inflated Contract Costs 2.7 Under Weight Measures 2.8 Cattle Rustling 2.9 Theft from Employment 2.10 Reflection CHAPTER THREEThe Snare of Taking Advantage of the Weak 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Sexual Exploitation 3.3 Child Labour 3.4 Exploitation of Women 3.5 The Poor Struggling to Make a Living 3.6 Reflection 5
  6. 6. CHAPTER FOURThe Snare of Marital Affairs 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Marriage by Hook and Crook 4.2.1 - Professional Scroungers 4.2.2 –Unpaid Lobola 4.2.3 – Breaking Old Relationships 4.3 Hidden Children 4.4 Extramarital Children 4.5 Spouse Battering 4.6 Property Grabbing 4.7 Marriage Interference by Parents and Relatives 4.8 Early marriages 4.9 Reflection CHAPTER FIVEThe Snare of Drunkenness 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Some Consequences of Drunkenness 5.2.1 - Poverty brought about by heavy beer drinking 5.2.2 – Embarrassing Moments 5.2.3 – Loss of Employment 5.2.4 – Health Risks 5.3 Reflection 6
  7. 7. CHAPTER SIXOther Snares of Society 6.1 Forged Documents 6.2 Unfulfilled Promises 6.2.1 - Sympathy Promise 6.2.2 - Assistance Promise 6.3 Gratitude after Assistance 6.4 Extortion and Blackmail 6.5 Witch craft 6.6 Conclusion 7
  8. 8. CHAPTER ONE The Snare of Confidence Tricksters1.1 IntroductionWhat is a Confidence Trickster?According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, a confidence trick is an attempt todefraud a person or a group by gaining their confidence. The victim is known as themark, the trickster is called a confidence man, con man, confidence trickster or a conartist.Confidence men or women exploit human characteristics such as greed, dishonesty,vanity, honesty, compassion, credulity, irresponsibility and naiveté. The commonfactor is that the mark relies on the good faith of the con artist.Just as there is no typical profile for swindlers, neither is there one for their victims.Virtually anyone can fall prey to fraudulent crimes.Shills, also known as accomplices, help manipulate the mark into accepting the conman‟s plan.Con men always exploit a given circumstance in order to make monetary gains out ofit.Such a circumstance is usually brought out by a need to improve ones financialposition. One may need to improve sales of goods in a shop or to rent out someproperty or services for cash.The con man would study the financial position of his potential victim before hestrikes.Confidence tricksters are tricky people to be identified as such at the first instance.A lot of them are smart looking and have impeachable credentials.They usual succeed in their activities because they usually take advantage of theweaknesses which are inherent in human behaviour.It is my hope that a number of the readers who were likely to become future victimsof these people would take precautions to protect themselves. 8
  9. 9. 1.2 House Rentals – Rogue TenantsIn 2009 a man showed interest to be a new tenant of a vacant house in Livingstone.The owner of the house was staying on the Copper Belt.The house required some renovations to be done before it was to be occupied. Theowner agreed with the tenant to do the renovations. The amount spent would then bededucted from the rental fee.The owner of the house was to be paid about $4,000 in rentals in advance for 3months. This was less the renovation cost.The man moved into the house and commenced on the renovations. He promised theLandlord that payment of rentals would be effected within two weeks.The Landlord was told to check his Bank account on the Copper Belt, for the rentalpayment, on several occasions.After ten days without being paid, he realized that he had been duped.The owner of the house travelled to Livingstone without informing the tenant.On being confronted by the owner of the house, the tenant produced a Bank receipt.The receipt showed a cheque deposit of $25,000 into the mans bank account with adate stamp the date of the very day he was confronted. He claimed that it was from aparastatal Company.A copy of the receipt was taken and on closer examination, the receipt turned up to benot genuine. There were a number of anomalies on the receipt. There was no chequenumber or signature of the cashier on the receipt. The matter was reported to policefor investigation.On sensing danger, the con man fled and disappeared.Police investigations revealed that the man was a very slippery confidence trickster.His description by some of his victims revealed that he had tricked at least four otherpeople out of a total of $10,500 within the last six months. He was believed to belongto a syndicate of con men who were on the police wanted list.How Does One Identify and Deal with a Rogue Tenant?Though there is no fool proof way one can really identify a rogue, the following areguidelines that may assist one to be on the lookout for one. 9
  10. 10. Precautions You Could Take  The fist precaution one should take is to avoid delegating transactions with potential tenants to relatives or friends who have no legal rights over the property.  Avoid doing all your transactions by correspondence. A lot of people are conned due to the fact that they are not able to track what is exactly is happening on the ground. If you are renting your property which is in another town or city where you live, take time off to travel there and meet the potential tenant in person.  Establish where he is currently residing and ask him why he is shifting from that place. You could be dealing with a habitual rent defaulter. If he is renting the house he wants to vacate, find out from his current Landlord why he is changing accommodation.  If he says he is shifting because he wants to move into a bigger house, find out who are members of his family and meet them if possible. You may be shown some photos of the children and wife stuck in a purse. This is not usually a guarantee that the family is still together. Some men, who have turned into crooks, usually have their wives running away from them, and they keep their photos as a means of solace.  If he tells you that the wife is out of the country for studies, find out which institution she is at. A lot of con men have no clue about foreign universities.  Establish the true identity and authenticity of the person you are dealing with. If he claims to be a businessman, ask for his business cards and establish the premises where he is operating from. Do not deal with briefcase businessmen.  Find out what business he has done with any organisation, ask for proof of that or make an effort to check for yourself, if you know someone in that organisation. Most big organisations have a computerised system of their Suppliers and Contractors. An established business would have done business with several organisations, so you have a way to double check the information given to you.  Do not depend on information given to you verbally by third parties such as “We know him, he is our regular customer”.  If some renovation work is required to be done to the property, and the tenant agrees to pay for them, ensure that he is not given access to the premises until full payment is done. The date of the effective date of the start of the tenancy period should thereafter, be agreed in advance by both parties. This should be clearly stated in the Tenancy Agreement. 10
  11. 11.  Renovation work should be supervised by people you have appointed and approved by the tenant. You should have access to all the documentation regarding the renovations. The scope of work and a bill of quantities approved by both parties should be put in place. Do not depend on information from third parties. All payments to you should be done by direct deposit into your Bank account either by cash or a bank transfer. Bank transfers should be confirmed before payment is considered done. Do not listen to information like “The money will reflect on your account in two days‟ time.” Do not accept to be invited to go to his Bank to witness the deposition of the money into your account. Why should you witness the transaction when you can check if it has been done on your own? Do not accept payment to be given to you in cash in an isolated place. There is a danger of the money being grabbed from you soon after “payment” or the “money” may be counterfeit. Do not accept cash to be given to you even if it is in a Bank. You could be arrested right there, if the money turns up to be counterfeit, when you try to deposit it in your account. The con man would have slipped away from the scene and leave you to face the law on your own! Do not accept to go to secluded places alone for any meetings. Some con men use attractive young ladies as shills, to persuade you to go to some rendezvous. You could be walking into an ambush and get mugged, robbed or even worse. You should only do so go with an escort of law enforcement officers, if an arrest is planned for the con men. Ensure than you correspond with him by e-mail which should be copied to third parties who have interest in the transaction such as his boss, his colleagues, your family or your friends. If he does not reply and insists on verbal conversations by phone, start recording them! Do not give him your physical address until you have established his true identity and authenticity. Do not send him your personal documents such as Title Deeds, Certificates and IDs in colour, by electronic or mechanical means. Some Conmen can use these to forge them for criminal activity. If you have to send them, do so in black and white format. As an additional precaution, ensure that the documents are 11
  12. 12. embossed with “Scanned Copy” written across them. Such documents should only be sent after seeking legal advice if you are not sure. You should not sign the Tenancy Agreement until full payment has been done. Do not accept partial payments in the hope that more will be done later. If you have any doubts about the person you are dealing with , you could take some drastic measures such as taking photos of the vehicle he is using and if possible his own photo. You can ask someone to take a photo of yourself and him as you do transactions together. If he refuses to have his photo taken do not force him as you may chase a potential good tenant. If need be, do so without alerting him. Crooks are everywhere; some of them work for reputable organisations you would not expect to do harm to you. Crooks in these organisations do their criminal activities behind the backs of their bosses. Before you commit yourself, verify that you are dealing with genuine people in the organisation. This is of course not easy, unless you presume that, all are not genuine until proven otherwise! In this case use your personal judgement or intuition. Put it in prayer for God‟s guidance. Behaviour That Could Alert You If a promise is made to you like “The money is being deposited into your account within the next two days”, and nothing happens, he will accuse someone else for not fulfilling the promise. “You know these small banks they take longer to do their transactions”. This is not true because the transactions are done electronically. The size of the Bank has nothing to do with how fast they operate. In order to win your confidence, you maybe told of huge amounts of payments he expects to receive from some source. For example you will be told something like “I am expecting a payment of $40,000 from one Company where I did some work for them”. This is not true because if the man is an established businessman, why should he wait for payment from anybody to pay you $3,000 for your services? From experience, in Zambia, cheques of over $20,000 are not usually issued for immediate payment. If there is delay in paying you, he may promise you to pay you a smaller amount by borrowing from his colleagues whilst the bigger amount pending is being “processed”. Do not fall for this fallacy; he is just trying to buy time before he disappears. Insist on giving you the transaction number for the transfer and ask him to fax or e-mail you a scanned copy of the bank transfer. If he does not do it, then you are being cheated. 12
  13. 13.  He will show sympathy to you for the delay in payment and promise to compensate you for the inconvenience or loss of business as a result of the delay. There is no one who can compensate you for your loss as a result of his inaction. Why he should compensate you anywhere? When you talk to him in stern language, he will tend to forget some of the facts about your deal. For example, he will give you a wrong figure of how much he owes you or in some cases he might forget the exact details of your agreement.”I‟ll be able to pay you for the sale of your house (the deal was to rent the house not to sell it!) by next week. Don‟t try to correct him as you talk to him and see how far he goes in cheating you! This gives him more rope to hang himself. An agitated con man loses focus because all his “generator” of tricks comes to a standstill when he is challenged. There will be a general pattern in the way he is giving you excuses. He may say “I am sure all will be fine by next Monday, considering the weekend is around the corner, and Banks don‟t work at weekends”. The weekend is his best time to give you excuses because he knows you‟ll be busy with Church Service and other social functions. If you tell him that you have a busy schedule, he will encourage you to attend to them without worrying how much he owes you. He might even tell you that he is also have a busy schedule at “Church”. This gives him a break to devise more excuses for you for the coming week! When you send him an e-mail to query or clarify anything, he will not reply to it. Instead, he will ring you. Why is this so? Because an e-mail can be reproduced in court as incriminating evidence. A telephone call, unless recorded, can not be reproduced. The same goes for SMS you send to him. Most of them will be answered by a verbal conversation. SMS can, however, be converted into printable format on the higher version Cell Phones and pocket PCs. If you have a Cell Phone that can record a conversation, arrange to make some recordings of them. The only setback is most Cell Phones that record; make a bleeping sound every five seconds during recording. A cleverer con man would be alerted by this and avoid his voice to be recorded. When you talk to him and you put him under pressure, he will tend to stammer and speak in low tones. Some con men tend to talk very fast so that you can not get what they are trying to tell you. He will not answer some of your calls and later say he had left the phone in the car as he was in the Bank organising for the money. This is not true because why leave the phone in the car when he could have just switched it off? When he is not answering the phone it means he is still planning how to tell you 13
  14. 14. another convincing story at the next conversation.  He will tend to “over respect” you, by referring to you as “Boss”, “Father” or “Big Man” most of the time, when you speak to him. This is to give you a false of sense that he is an honest man. What he really means is “You fool” or “Sucker” you will never get your money!  When you ring him, after he has not given you a reason for not honouring his earlier promise, he would tell you something like “Let me come back to you as I am in a meeting now” or “I am driving”. If he does not ring you as promised, then you are rest assured that he will not ring back!  If you ever meet him, and he is carrying more than one Cell Phone, if you notice that he changes SIM cards, be assured that he has more “customers” than you. If someone calls him and he answers any of the phones, take note of how he responds. Is he cutting off the caller? Is he saying “Let me come back to you?” If he says more than one sentence, note whether his conversation with the caller is friendly or hostile? Con men have a lot of people chasing them and trying to catch up with them.  If whilst talking to him, and he rings someone else, note whether he is talking loudly or quietly. The latter indicates that he is consulting someone for advice. If he talks in a language or slang you do not understand, he is probably up to no good.  You should be concerned if he calls you from a different cell number he has not previously called you from, unless you were given that other number at the beginning. Why should he use different Cell Phone numbers? If you notice that one of the numbers you knew before is no longer in use, this should alert you that he has just successfully conned one victim and has thrown away the SIM card!Action One Could Take  Do not tell him, on the phone, that you are aware that he is just cheating you. There is a danger of him fleeing before you confront him.  Confront him without notice, and do so in the presence of at least two witnesses. You don‟t have to give him the full details of your witnesses at first. If one of the witnesses is a law enforcement officer, you can only reveal this to him at an appropriate time. Introduce him by his true name and tell him that he is a friend or relative. 14
  15. 15.  Do not shout at him or show anger. An angry man is not focussed on the issue at hand. The right approach is to stay cool. Some victims of con men have turned into villains by assaulting the cheating person. This would complicate the case being handled.  Tell him in the face that you have lost confidence in him.  If he still tries to show you that he is not a crook, tell him that you will take audio and or video recordings of his commitments in the presence of witnesses. Immediately send these recordings and photos to him by e-mail and copy it to interested parties. The con man is almost certain to flee once he realises that his false promises he had just made have been disclosed and are now known by more people!  A con man depends on buying time to plan more falsehoods. If he is taken by surprise he flees.1.3 House Rentals – Criminal TenantsIn some cases people who pose as tenants may turn up not to be what they say theyare.Some people have unwittingly kept criminals due not taking precautions to check thecredentials of people they are dealing with.The following story illustrates how such a situation could arise: -In an effort to supplement their income after retirement from the Mines, a couple builttwo single bedroom flats on the plot of their house they have been living in for the pasttwenty years.The flats were to be rented out to individuals who were in need of accommodation,which is in short supply in urban areas.This accommodation was intended and suitable for single people who have juststarted work and have not yet got families to look after.This is how two single ladies, who had recently been employed by one of the Banks, inone of the Copper Belt cities found their accommodation.The two women had been schoolmates since their primary school days. They had beenvery close friends ever since. They have been like twin sisters who did a lot of thingstogether.The two ladies had stayed at the rented flats for close to a year, when one of them wasengaged and was married within six months. 15
  16. 16. This was a setback for the friend who had not yet got a proposal for matrimony. Her friend had to join her husband who was working in Lusaka.The lady who got married gave notice to the landlord to find another tenant threemonths before she vacated the house.A young man approached the owner of the flat which has just been vacated by thelady who got married.He told him that he was a supplier of spares to the Mines.When he was asked where he was currently staying, he said that he was staying withhis married elder brother in a nearby town. He told him that he wanted to shift to thecity which was nearer to his customers.He further said that once he shifts to the flat, he would come along with a lady who hewas going to be cohabiting with until they officially got married.The landlord had no objection to this announcement, though he was rather surprisedat the "cohabiting before marriage" arrangement. Who was he to interfere with otherpeople‟s private affairs?After the wedding of the outgoing tenant, the cohabiting couple moved into the flat.When the new tenants moved in, the landlord noticed that most, if not all thefurniture, kitchen utensils and bedding items were new. This did not worry him as heknew that the couple were planning to get married in due course.The new tenant paid his rentals on time for the first six months without any problems.The new tenant was not a very communicative individual. This was unlike the previouslady tenant who always engaged the landlord‟s wife in conversation and kept referringto her as “aunt”!The man was out of the residence most of the time and was only seen at times.He would leave home in the morning and would not be back until late in the evening.At times he would not be at home for several days.One evening , there was a news flash on Television that police have impounded atruck laden with copper which was believed to have been stolen from one of the Minesin the city. They had arrested the driver of the truck, who was assisting them withinvestigations.Police believed that there was a syndicate of people, who were involved in copperthefts, which have been going on for sometime. The police public relations officer said 16
  17. 17. that they have gathered enough information which would lead to the arrest of moresuspects.The following day the new tenant did not go out for his errands as usual. He came tosee the landlord and told him that he would be leaving for further studies in SouthAfrica in a week‟s time. He told him that his fiancée would continue staying in the flatuntil the end of his studies.He informed the landlord that he would make arrangements to pay for his fiancée‟saccommodation whilst he was in South Africa.He told the landlord that as he was going to be nearer the source of spares he sells tothe Mines, he would be sending these to his business partner in Zambia to sell on hisbehalf. The partner would then pay the rental fee for the fiancée on his behalf.The following weekend the landlord and most of his family left for their farm, which issome thirty kilometres away from the city.It was harvest time for the maize which was grown in the farm. The harvesting of themaize would take about ten days. The only members of the family of the landlord whowere at home were three school-going children who had to remain behind as theschools they attended were open for classes.Before going to South Africa, the tenant paid one month‟s rental in advance for hisfiancée.After the harvest the landlord returned to his home. He found that the tenant has leftfor South Africa as told earlier.The fiancée of the tenant was not at the home. On enquiry, the children who remainedat home told their parents that they have not seen her from the time her fiancé left.This did not worry the landlord as he presumed that maybe she has gone to visit somerelatives in a nearby town.At the month end, officials from a furnishing company in town came to look for thetenant who had just left for South Africa. He had not paid the hire purchase fee for theprevious month.They were told that only the fiancée was around but they had not seen her for twoweeks now.The lady was not seen at the flat when the next rental payment was due.Since the landlord did not have the contact details of the man in South Africa and hisfiancée, he got worried of what happened to the lady. 17
  18. 18. The children then disclosed to their parents that whilst they were at the farm, a threetonne truck came to take out some household goods from the flat. The fiancée was inthe company of three men who came to take the items out of the flat.This prompted the landlord to force open the front door of the flat to see what was leftinside.He was shocked to find that all the items, except for the curtains had been removedfrom the flat!He later learnt that his tenant was part of the group of suspected copper thieves thatwere being sought to be interviewed by police.He was quizzed by the police on why he kept someone whose credentials he did notverify when he posed as a tenant. He was warned that he could be charged forharbouring a criminal.The man is still at large and is on the police wanted list.When a new tenant is shifting into your house, be suspicious if all or most of thehousehold goods being put into your house are new. You may notice that furniture,bedding and cooking utensils are removed from wrappers. These could have just beenbought on hire purchase from a furnishing company.You could be dealing with someone who will not pay for them and disappear aftersometime. Find out where the old household goods are if you were told that tenanthas shifted from another place.It is always advisable to check the credentials of new tenants and take interest in theiractivities if one has a chance to do so.1.4 House Sales – Crooked VendorsWhen buying property from individuals it is always advisable to take precautions toensure that one goes into an agreement with the vendor with legal advice.Many people have lost their money after paying for property which has been “sold” toother parties:The following story is typical of incidents of such type of sale agreements.In 1997 the Government of the Republic of Zambia announced that a state ownedmining company, was going to sell its company houses to its employees who weresitting tenants. 18
  19. 19. The houses were sold to the employees by deducting their book values from theterminal benefits of the employees.This decision was made in order to get rid of assets of the company, which was due tobe privatized in 2000. The new owners of the privatized mining divisions indicatedthat they would not provide accommodation to their employees as has been the casefor many years. The houses were, therefore, not part of the assets to be acquired bythe new owners.This decision by the Government was extended to the sale of council houses as well.This development brought in a new scenario in the country, where thousands ofcitizens suddenly found themselves, owning their own property for the first time ever.This brought joy to the people, many of whom had no houses of their own afterworking for their employers for many years.The sale of the houses at their book value, meant that many were sold well below theprevailing market prices.A number of people were tempted to resell them at a huge profit to those who couldafford.This worked well for those who reinvested the money from the resell of the houses. Anumber of successful businesses were thus created.On the other hand, the resell of the houses backfired on some people.A man who was working for the Mines and retired left his newly acquired house in thecity on rent and settled in a site and service compound within the same city.He had built a smaller house which was sufficient for himself and his wife, as most oftheir children were grown up and living on their own.The income from the rental of the house helped to supplement the man‟s incomewhich enabled him to live fairly comfortable in his retirement.Later on, he developed an illness which led to his death.After his death, the wife decided to go back to her own village and sold the house atthe site and service compound to raise money for transferring her to the village.The house in town remained on rent and she arranged with her son who was stayingand working in the same city to be collecting the money and post it to her in thevillage.Her two daughters were married and staying in other towns. 19
  20. 20. The son was working for a contracting firm doing business with the Mines as a storesclerk.He was the youngest of the three children of the ex Miners who has just passed away.He was not yet married but was staying in a rented guest wing in the city.The title deeds of the house were still being processed at the time the ex Miner died.The wife had only the letter of offer of sale from the company.She left the responsibility of processing the title deeds for the house with the son, whowas given administrative powers for the estate of his late father. The two elderdaughters could not be given this responsibility as they were staying very far from thecity where the house was situated.The title deeds were ready within a year and given to him in his name.After the death of his father and the decision by the mother to give him administrativepowers of the father‟s estate, the young man thought of selling the house withoutconsulting the mother.The Director of the contracting company, where the young man was working offeredhim $30,000 for the house, which was up to now being rented by the same companyat $800 per month for one of their managers.The young man again arranged to “sell” the same house to another person at$25,000. This person was a dealer in precious stones and was able to pay him in cash.After collecting a total of $55,000 from the sale of the house, the young man send$4,800 to his mother, whom he told that the company has decided to rent the houseon a six month lease from the previous three months. This left him with $30,000 in hisaccount from the company and over $20,000 cash from the stone dealer.The young man disappeared from work and his residence.A legal battle then ensued between the contracting company and the stone dealerwho have all signed a purchase agreement with the young man who was now on therun.On hearing the story about her son, the woman developed a stroke and lay in hospitalfor three months before she died.The contracting company finally won the legal battle because they were given originalcopies of the title deeds for the house. The stone dealer was given photo copies of thetitle deeds. Since these were not certified by a Commissioner of Oaths, as genuinecopies of the title deeds, he lost out in court. 20
  21. 21. The young man was finally arrested in a neighbouring country where he had fled to.He was given a jail sentence for obtaining $25,000 by false pretences from the stonedealer.The young man‟s life is in danger because the stone dealer, who has a number of hitmen, has vowed to deal with him once he comes out of jail.1.5 Retail Business – Shops Lose MerchandiseThe other section of society that is targeted by confidence tricksters is the retailbusiness.The following story illustrates some of the methods they use to trick business houses.Non Government Organizations (NGOs) are renowned for supplementing Governmenteffort in undertaking developmental projects in the country. This is more so in ruralareas where they are involved in projects such as building orphanages, schools andhealthy centres.NGOs are usually funded by the foreign countries that sponsor them and if any supplycompany is approached to provide some goods they are usually assured that thepayment will be prompt.It was in 2007 during the Heroes and Unity holiday, which extended from Sunday upto Tuesday, when a group of four young men came to one city on the Copper Belt.The day was a Saturday at around midday; one group went to an IT and computerhardware shop and presented a Bank Certified Cheque to the manager of the shopworth $5,000 for the purchase of five Computers for an orphanage in the NorthernProvince.Meanwhile another group went to the industrial area and approached a hardware shopwith a similar cheque for $2,500 for the purchase of some electrical cables for thesame orphanage.At the computer hardware shop they did not encounter any problems. However, at theother shop they were told that there were only cables worth $1,500 in stock. Thebalance had to be collected from their warehouse, which was a few kilometres fromthe shop.The owner of the shop selling cables, saw an opportunity to make a good profit. Heorganized to purchase the remaining cable from nearby hardware shops at $850which he sold to the unsuspecting NGO officials.Whilst the men were waiting for the other cable to be delivered, they were feted by theshop owner who was glad to make such a big sale a few minutes before the shop 21
  22. 22. closed at 12:45 hrs.Up to this time, the day has been bad for business as only $150 worth of sales wererealized from 8:00 hrs when the shop opened.In order not to raise any suspicious activity to the shop owner, the men at the cableshop made several calls via their mobile phones to the other group who werepurchasing computers for the orphanage.The three men were clad in expensive looking three-piece suits and were wearingexpensive perfume which is normally used by the affluent in society.They had hired a 3 ton Mitsubishi Canter light truck which was painted with the logo ofthe purported orphanage.The shop keeper could therefore not suspect anything strange with the three men.The computer shopkeeper took the cheque to the Bank before close of business. Thecheque bounced and referred to the drawer of the cheque. He reported the matter topolice.This information about the con men‟s bounced cheque did not filter to the cable shopowner at the time he was organizing for more cables.The conversation by mobile phones between the con men was actually for telling theother group at the cable shop to remain calm, as police could have been alerted of thebounced $5,000 cheque from the computer shop. They had already left town. Theytold the other group to flee should they sense that the shop owner was gettingsuspicious.The three men at the cable shop managed to keep calm until the remaining cable wasdelivered at 13:30 hrs. some forty five minutes after the official closure time for shopson Saturdays.During the long weekend the cable supplier heard a story of a group of men who gotaway with five computers using a forged cheque. This did not worry him at all becausethe ones who came to his shop “looked” genuine.When the long weekend holiday was over, the cable shop businessman took thecheque to the Bank.He was shocked when he was told that the cheque was not genuine!Bank Certified Cheques are never hand written except for the signature of the BankManager. They are usually machine printed with the figures written via a perforationon the cheque. Secondly, the name of the Bank had changed from ABC Bank Ltd. toABC Bank Plc. 22
  23. 23. The man soon started sweating profusely when he realized that he was also duped ina similar fashion to the computer shop. He was admitted in hospital with a lifethreatening BP of 200 over 130 mm of mercury.When he recovered, he was given a $200 bill for medical treatment from the hospital.His only consolation was that he was tricked out of $2,500 worth of goods which washalf of the amount stolen from the computer shop.Do not give goods or provide services before payment is done. A Bank CertifiedCheque only becomes cash once you see it reflected in your account.Do not be cheated that the goods or service are required urgently. You may be toldsomething like “We are running behind schedule on the Project which must becompleted before next Independence celebrations”. There is no urgency for anythingunless proof is shown that human life is at stake.1.6 Vocational Training – Fake Training InstitutionsAnother part of society which is targeted by confidence tricksters is where people arein need of vocational training.A boy who was a grade twelve pupil living in one of the rural towns of Zambia had justfinished writing his secondary school leavers‟ examination in November 1989He was always amongst the brightest in class and he was a pride to his parents. Hisfather was a wealthy businessman with a chain of retail outlets in the country.There was an advertisement in one of the local newspapers for grade twelve schoolleavers to enrol for tertiary training at one private college in the capital city of Lusaka.The name of the college was Mbwetuka College of Arts.The advertisement requested the applicants to send $10 for enrolment applicationforms which were to be sent by post.The boy asked his father for the application form fee which he was given withoutquestion. The money was sent to the college by registered mail.Two weeks later the application form was received and duly filled in.The college who indicated that it was offering diploma courses in accounts. Theiroffices were said to be situated in one of the skyscrapers found in Cairo road. Theysaid they operated from Room 208 on the second floor. 23
  24. 24. They asked applicants to send $300 registered mail. The money was said to be forbooking of accommodation of the prospective students who were to enter the collegein January 1990.They indicated that their campus was in the Makeni area some few hundred metresfrom a prominent filling station. For students who could arrange their ownaccommodation in Lusaka, they were requested to send $100 deposit. The depositwas for medical insurance fees. Those paying $300 for accommodation need not pay$100 for medical insurance as this was covered in the amount paid.Since the boy had not been to Lusaka before, the parents decided that he travels toLusaka and stay with his uncle at Libala township for the month of December as hewaits for the college to open in January. This was for him to get “acclimatised” to livingin a city.The parents decided that since sending money by post would take longer he would begiven the $400 to cover the enrolment fee at the college and his transport to Lusaka.It took the boy two days to reach Lusaka because of the bad road network whichconnected the town to the capital city.The following day after his arrival, the boy proceeded to the skyscraper building to goand pay for his enrolment.On arrival at the building, he asked one security guard he found on the ground floorwhether the office of Mbwetuka College of Arts was in the building. The guard told himthat he has been working for ten years in Lusaka and has never heard of such acollege.The boy thought the guard was not telling him the truth and he decided to climb thestairs up to the second floor. He did not dare use the lift because he did not know howto use it. The other fear he had was because he had heard of stories of people trappedin them for many hours before being rescued by the Fire Brigade.He had to climb eight flights of stairs before he came to the second floor. This was atiring especially for one who does not do physical training regularly.When he landed on the second floor of the building he found that the place was notwell lit. It took him some time to locate Room 208 as he had to go past many roombefore he found it at the far end of the corridor on the floor.On knocking at the door of Room 208 he was greeted by a man who was wearing awhite dust coat. He asked him to see the administrative secretary of the college. 24
  25. 25. He was surprised when he was told that the place was used by a tailoring business andwas not a college! The man told him that he has never heard of Mbwetuka College ofArts.The boy went back to his uncle‟s place at Libala and told him that he could trace thecollege. The uncle advised him to go and check for it at Makeni the following day.On arrival at the mentioned filling station, the boy could not find the billboard which hewas told in the letter of admission to the college that he would see it from there.When he inquired from the attendants he was told that several people had come toask about the same college during the last few days. Some of them had sent moneyand did not receive the confirmation of its receipt by the college.The boy visited other filling stations in the area but could not locate the college.He came back to his uncle‟s place a disappointed fellow.During the evening television news broadcast it was reported that some people havereportedly lost thousands of dollars after sending money by post to the fictitiouscollege and the police were looking for the fraudsters.When contacted for comment, a spokesman for the ministry in charge of educationand vocational training advised the public not to send money to any institutions. Heexpressed surprise at how colleges could ask school leavers to pay for collegeeducation when the school examination results for grade twelve were only due inMarch the following year.On the application form from Mbwetuka College of Arts the applicants were not evenrequested to attach any school certificates or statement of results! How can a genuinecollege accept students without proof of educational attainment?The boy had to travel back to his parents and waited for the examination results. Theywere relieved that they did not post the enrolment fee to the fictitious college. 25
  26. 26. 1.7 Employment OpportunitiesPeople looking for employment locally, overseas and those who want to supplementlow paying jobs often fall victim to confidence tricksters.Fake Overseas EmploymentIn June 2007 an overseas recruitment agency organised a seminar for engineers andtechnicians with experience in the building industry in Zambia at a five star Hotel onthe Copper Belt.The seminar which ran from 8:00 hrs up to 17:00 hrs on one Saturday was forfamiliarisation of the participants of the latest development in building technology inthe world.Entry to the seminar was free and a total of 250 participants attended it. Theorganisers of the seminar arranged for packed lunch for the participants.At the end of the function the participants were requested to leave their contactdetails in form of cell numbers and e-mail addresses.It was public knowledge that was a number of major building projects which wereplanned to be built across the country in the coming years.Since the technology to be used in the buildings were not yet available in Zambia, theparticipants were requested to register to an international organisation for buildingengineers and technicians (IOBET) based in the country where the organisers of theseminar hailed from. This registration meant that the qualifications of the engineersand technicians would be recognised by the foreign building companies who were tobe contracted to build in Zambia.They were sent registration forms for the application to this IOBET organisation andthe annual registration fee was $800 per application. The applicants were told to applyonline at a given website and pay the registration fee either by Visa card or byInternational Money Order.The seminar attendees were told that once an applicant‟s academic qualifications andexperience were recognised by the IOBET, the chances of one being employed outsidethe country was also very high. They were told that once one became a member of theIOBET he or she was going to be sent an update of overseas job opportunities whereone could apply to.The response to this application was overwhelming because even those who did notattend the seminar managed to apply after getting details from their colleagues andfriends who attended. 26
  27. 27. A total of 320 applicants paid a total of $256,000 in registration fees to IOBET.There was great expectation from all the applicants who dreamt of getting lucrativeoverseas jobs, which were better paying than Zambian companies.Months passed by without getting any response from IOBET.A number of applicants tried to contact the organisation by e-mail which wentunanswered. Some even tried to ring them through their phones given on the websitethrough which the payments were done, but to no avail.Some people who had friends working and living in the country where the seminarorganisers came from, requested them to locate the offices of the organisation butthey were unable to do so.The website which was used for the applications and payments disappeared from theinternet.After reporting the matter to local police who involved Interpol, it was discovered thatthe men belonged to a group of con men who had collected nearly a million dollarsfrom a number of countries in Africa, including Zambia.There was no such organisation called IOBET and there was no way the men could belinked to any legitimate organisation in the country they claimed to have come from.The case is still pending to be resolved by Interpol.Fake Local EmploymentSomeone who was working as a motor mechanic for one local company wasapproached by a group of men who told him that there was a businessman who waslooking for a part-time motor mechanic to service imported vehicles before they couldbe sold to the public.When he went for “interviews” at a parking yard, the businessman was no where to beseen. He was told to wait for him.Later on one of the “workers” for the businessman called him aside and showed himsome precious stones he could buy very cheaply. He was almost tempted to buy themwhen his instinct told him that he was about to fall into a trap of con men.He told him that he would withdraw the money later and if they could meet at the bankthe following day. The mechanic then arranged for police to trap the men at the bankduring the transaction.When the con men realised that a trap was set up for them, they switched off their cellphones and disappeared into thin air. 27
  28. 28. The story of the businessman was false and the parking yard the mechanic was shownbelonged to a company which kept the vehicles as a transit for dispatch to anothertown with a limited capacity of a showroom.Guidelines When Looking For Employment  Ensure that you are dealing with a genuine company or organisation. This is not easy. Some companies may not be easily proved to be existingl or not. There are some which have been operating genuinely and could have gone into liquidation. Con men would continue using the name of the company long after it has stopped operating.  Some con men would use a name of a genuine company without it knowing or could use a name similar to that of a genuine one. For example, ABC Plc may be called ABC Ltd. or ABC (Pty) Ltd.  If it is a local company you would like to join, visit their offices to establish whether they are really established or not. If you are called for an interview and you are interviewed from a Hotel or from a residential home ask them where their operations are done from. Some companies operate from homes and are established but one needs to know how the field work is conducted.  Try to establish who the customers or clients the company has done business with.  Do not send copies of your qualifications, passport and national registration identity cards in colour, through either electronic or printed copies. A lot of con men would use these to forge certificates for use in other operations. If you are asked to send copies of these documents do so in black and white. The documents should be embossed with “Not Original Copy” or “Scanned Copy” to make them impossible to forge.  Be alert for companies that offer working conditions that are too good to be true, unless you have known cases of such working conditions. If they ask you to give them your conditions and they do not query or want to discuss any of them start wondering whether they are able to meet all of them.  Be alert of companies that offer you employment at first and later talk of going into partnership with you for the same company. One should not discuss about partnership without establishing how the company is faring.There is an incident where a man who was applying for a job. He was offered animmediate partnership when it was learnt during the interview that he had someresidential property worth $250,000.He was told to bring his title deeds so that a bank loan could be secured for thecompany which was about to employ him. This was to finance a project the man wasnot even given details of. When he told them that he would make consultations before 28
  29. 29. he could commit himself, the offered job “disappeared” soon after the interview!1.8 Business Partnership – Disowned OwnershipThe idea of going into a business partnership between two or more parties is usual anattractive proposition, at first thought.However, before one commits himself to such an arrangement, there are certainprecautions one should take in order not to regret later.Any partnership must be legally binding to all parties‟ right from the beginning.One should not go into any partnership which is done by mutual agreement. Oneshould not be attracted by high expectations and promises. A lot of people haveregretted later after going into.Business is a serious matter which requires one to do a lot of planning.Two parties would normally go into partnership so that they put their resourcestogether for the successful implementation of the business.For any business to succeed, there are three important inputs to be taken care of.These are called the "3M"s.These are: -  Men - People who will be running the business. These should have the necessary expertise and experience to run the business.  Money - There must be sufficient initial capital finance to start the business.  Materials - The business can only function by use of certain materials. The materials include raw materials, accommodation and equipment.In a partnership where two parties are involved, they would not necessarily have thesame strengths of the "3M"s mentioned above.Usually the first two "M"s would be found between the two parties in sufficientquantities to enable the growth of the third M. Problems usually arise as to whatpercentage of the business each partner should be in control. 29
  30. 30. It is always advisable to seek legal advice before going into any partnership. Anunderstanding between "very good friends" is not enough. Businesses do not knowany good friends!Robin was a highly qualified mechanical and industrial engineer, who was trained inthe UK and Yugoslavia.After his training, he worked for the mining industry for close to thirty years. He roseup to a status of an engineering superintendent.On retirement, at the age of fifty five, he was given a reasonable retirement package.He bought a house and farm. Since he still had school going children, what was leftfrom his retirement package was not enough to sustain himself and his family.He had some $4,000 left which he thought he could start a business with. He openeda hardware shop selling spare parts to customers who included the mines where hehad a lot of influence.After a year this business was not doing very well.Jeff was a local businessman, who has been a long time friend of Robin. Heapproached Jeff so that the two could be partners in Jeffs business. What Jeff lackedwas technical expertise to run his business efficiently.The two agreed that they would work together. Jeff had a machine shop which mademechanical spare parts such as shafts and pump barrels.Robin suggested to his friend that they introduce a foundry so ingots which could bemachined and sold as bushings and bearing sleeves. He had an experience ofoperating a foundry.The company did very well by having a combination of a foundry and a machine shop.The company received a lot of orders from the mines and the water utility companieswhere Robin had a lot good working relationships as a result of his past work on theCopper Belt.After a year of operation the company made a profit of $60,000. The previous year thecompany only made a profit 0f $15,000 when it had only a machine shop running.Robin was given his share of 40% of the profit as agreed with his business partner atthe time of their agreement.The following year Robin managed to extend the customer base to the Lusaka andSouthern Province as well as Congo DR. Within the first six months of operation of thesecond year the company had $200,000 in its coffers. 30
  31. 31. What surprised Robin was that Jeff requested him to spend more time in the field. Jeffon, the other hand, took up the role of an administrator of the company. This wasunder the pretext that, since Robin was a “minority” shareholder, he should spendmore time in the field to get more customers.Robin was surprised when he was told that he would only be given 10% of the profitat the end of the year. On querying his friend and business partner on why this wasthe case, he was told that as an “employee” of the company, he was only entitled toget a “salary” which was subject to review by the “management”.Jeff told him that when he joined him he brought no money or equipment into thecompany and hence he could not claim “ownership” to the company.Robin was shocked by this new development and was forced to leave the company.Robin managed to hire some workshop facilities from companies with similarequipment to those where he was forced out. He registered his own company andwithin two years of operation he was able to buy his own machinery. As he was gettingolder, he employed young engineers and technicians to work for him.The company that he left behind went under within the same time due to lack oftechnical expertise.When one joins a company as a partner his technical expertise and experience shouldbe taken into consideration as an asset to the company.A lot of companies fail to tick because the owners only look at the physical assets suchas equipment and some cash in the bank.It takes a lot of time and money to train a professional whose contribution in anyorganisation is invaluable. That is why they are paid highly as employees ofcompanies.Before you commit yourself to any business partnership with anybody ensure that yousign a legal bidding agreement with your partner.A number of professionals have been lured to go into verbal agreements with whatthey perceived to be long time and trusted friends. Once the business is establishedthe partners who pumped in money into the business always claim ownership of thebusinesses at the expense of professional and experience input. 31
  32. 32. 1.9 Vehicles for Sale – Possible Risks  When you advertise you car in the press do not send a picture of it, just describe what it is. There is no vehicle in the market that is known how it looks like. If you send a photo of it, you maybe met by a group of “interested people” who want to buy it in a car park. They would then tell you to drive them to a place where payment will be done in cash. In the process your car could be grabbed from you or you could get hurt.  Describe your vehicle in simple language. What you should remember is you are selling a vehicle which is subject to viewing and inspection before purchase. Don‟t use flamboyant language such as “full house” or “immaculate condition”.  Do not allow potential buyers to take the car for a “test drive” on their own. You will never see it again!  Do not allow yourself to accompany potential buyers for a "test drive" in your car alone. You could be attacked in the process. If a test drive is insisted, let it be done with the assistance of law enforcement officers or garages.  I personally do not like sticking "For Sale" stickers on vehicles, especially expensive ones. It attracts a lot of attention and con men are always on the look out for such vehicles and plan how to steal them from the owners. CHAPTER TWOThe Snare of Quick Profit2.1 Introduction In July 2008, I travelled to the Tanzanian capital of Dar-es-Salaam on business. Whilst there, I went to a shop selling Cell phones. I was looking for a Nokia 1650 model. The shopkeeper surprised me by asking, if I wanted an original model or a Gong’as (imitation)? I told him that I wanted an original model. Out of curiosity, I requested him to show me both models and how much each was costing? To the untrained eye, it was not easy to differentiate between the two phones. The imitation model was going for 30,000 Tanzanian shillings, whilst the original 32
  33. 33. was costing thrice that amount.According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, "Shanzhai" refers to Chineseimitation and pirated brands and goods, particularly electronic. Literally "mountainvillage" or "mountain stronghold", the term refers to the mountain stockades ofwarlords or bandits, far away from official control. "Shanzhai” can also bestretched to refer to people who are lookalikes, low-quality or improved goods, aswell as things done in parody.The market for Shanzhai Cell Phones is not only in China, but also in thesurrounding developing countries in Asia, and Third World countries in Africa andLatin America.The outstanding sales performance of Shanzhai Cell Phones is usually attributed tolow price, multifunctional performance and imitations of trendy brands.Shanzalism has a long tradition for products needed to be designed to suitpeasants, which form most of Chinas population.Whilst the sale of Shanzhai products is acceptable in many under developedcountries, it is not right to allow these products to be sold alongside the originalproducts. Greedy traders could end up selling unsuspecting buyers products which areimitations (Gongas or Shanzhai) at the same price as that of original models.The tragedy of some people is the greed to attain wealth as soon as possibleusing underhand means.We have heard of individuals who have lost their lives being shot by securityforces whilst running away with booty. Some have swallowed illegal narcoticdrugs in foreign countries with the view of avoiding detection. Some of themhave died from the poison of the drugs after unintentionally digesting themduring transit. A number have been caught by alert security agents on arrival intheir own countries.The greatest gift a living person has from God is that of life. Just imagine whatwould it be like if one was not born at all ?A very close friend of mine once said: “Don‟t expect everything in your life to comeon like a flashlight at a flick of a switch! ".2.2 Imitation ProductsA friend of mine recently approached me with a brand new “Nokia N96” CellPhone and requested me to configure it so that it could be used to browse theinternet and install the Holy Bible, which comes in a form of a Java programme. 33
  34. 34. I suggested to him that in order for him to get the full benefits of the phone I couldconnect it to my Laptop so that we install more programmes on the Cell Phone.Most of these were Java programmes like Operamini browser, Nimbuzz, Snaptu,etc.I have a Nokia 6300 which I have been using for over three years and I haveinstalled Nokia PC suite programme on my Laptop. The PC suite allows one toinstall programmes, browse the internet, manage files on the Cell Phone, do backups of contacts and several more functions.The Nokia PC suite can be used for a variable range of Nokia phone models.When we connected the “Nokia N96” to the Laptop via the USB Connectivity Cable,I noticed that the phone could not be detected as “New Hardware Found” by theLaptop.After several attempts to connect it to the Laptop, I realised that the phone wasnot really a Nokia model but an Nckia! The “C” on the phone was written in a veryclever manner that one would read it as an “O” at first sight.On checking from the User Manual for a real Nokia N96 phone, I found that the N96was a “Slide Phone”, whereas as the Nckia N96 was a “Touch Screen” type.It took my friend a bit of time to be convinced and realise that he was not havinga Nokia N96 Cell Phone but a cheap imitation of the real one! The price of the NckiaN96 is around $120, whereas the Nokia N96 costs around $700.Next time a trader shows you that fancy looking "Nokia" Cell Phone, you couldcheck if it is the real model by using the following codes :-*#92702689#This shows the phone details like serial number, year of manufacture, etc. Theowner will be required to put the month (MM) and year (YYYY) of purchase. Thiscan only be done once and can not be changed later.This code only works for Nokia phones. It can be used to test if a phone is reallyNokia or not.On some Nokia models, one has to switch off the phone to come out of this Menu.On other models, there is an "Exit" facility.*#0000#This gives the Cell Phone Model Number and (firmware) software version. Onlyworks for Nokia models 34
  35. 35. *#06#This gives the Cell phones Serial number only. This code works for all Cell Phones,not necessarily Nokia models2.3 - Fake ProductsApart from imitation and cheap products, there is the practice by some people fondof selling fake products to unsuspecting customers.Fake products differ from imitations, in that the products offered for sale are notreally what they are claimed to be.Fake products can cause harm to the health of human beings and damagemachinery.We have heard of stories of transformer oil being sold as cooking oil and culpritshave been arrested and prosecuted.Some unscrupulous street vendors sell diesel mixed with other oils as "diesel".This fake fuel causes damage to engines of motor vehicles.Some people sale goat meat along our highways and claim it to be "game meat".There are also cases where natural honey being sold along the highways is mixedwith refined sugar as "natural" honey. This type of "honey" is not good for diabeticpatients who are not supposed to take refined cane sugar.The number of fake products on the market are too numerous to list here, theyinclude fake chemicals, drugs and food stuffs. Customers should be on the look outfor these products.As a rule of the thumb, do not buy products from unauthorised or unlicensedtraders.If you ever come across a Chemist or a Drugstore where you are able to buy all thedrugs there, without a prescription from a medical doctor, start to ask yourself ifsuch a place has taken measures to protect your health? Under the pharmaceuticallaws of the country, certain drugs like Fragyl and Valium can only be sold over thecounter with a prescription from a qualified medical practitioner.2.4 Low Quality Educational InstitutionsAt the time of independence in 1964, there were only some 100 graduates inZambia. The new Government proceeded to build the University of Zambia whichwas completed in 1966. 35
  36. 36. Thereafter, a number of Colleges and Vocational Training Institutions were built.Most of the students who were admitted to these institutions were sponsored bythe Government.As the population of the country increased, and the price of copper droppedaround 1974, the Government could no longer afford to build more traininginstitutions to cater for the increased population.This led the Government to allow individuals and organizations to establish privateeducational institutions.The response to this was overwhelming, as many privately owned nursery andprimary schools soon sprouted across many towns and cities. This was by followedby establishment of private secondary schools and colleges. Later some privateUniversities were established.With the establishment of these private educational institutions there was someconcern regarding the quality and recognition of certificates issued by them. TheGovernment put in place measures such as control of registration of theseinstitutions. For the certificates from them to be recognized they had to beaffiliated to Government organs such as TEVETA and Ministry of TechnicalEducation and Vocational Training.A lot of these institutions offer very high standards of training of pupils andstudents which are equal to or better than Government run training institutions.There has been some concern, though, regarding some of these privateinstitutions which offer very low standards of training. Some of them have beenforced to closedown.Some of the malpractices sighted from these institutions are:1) Very exorbitant fees- Trainees are made to pay very high fees which do not correspond to the quality of education being offered.2) Over enrolment of pupils and students which results in overcrowded class rooms.3) Poor boarding facilities – Some institutions have no boarding facilities of their own. They rent out some houses which they turn into dormitories, which are usually overcrowded. These are not maintained at all and the cleaning is done by the students themselves.4) Poor standards of training aides. Some institutions offer science subjects that require laboratory or workshops. These teaching aides are usually ill equipped with old or outdated equipment. There is one computer workshop where old Pentium One PCs with Windows 98 installed were found. The students were 36
  37. 37. supposed to learn about Windows XP and Vista applications. This is a mockery. 5) Claims to offer a very wide number of courses without a corresponding number of teachers and lectures. There was an recent advertisement on Television where one private University claimed to be offering so many Bachelor and Diploma courses. One wondered how big the strength of the teaching staff for all those subjects was ? 6) Claims of very high pass rates amongst the students. At one private school it was found that there was an organised system of leaking examination papers and some staff were prosecuted. 7) Unrecognised Certificates by potential employers. Some certificates issue by some institutions are not recognised by some employers. This is a very unfortunate situation where someone spends a lot of money to do a course whose certificate is not recognised globally. 8) Overworking of the teaching staff. Due to so many courses offered some teaching staff are forced to take several classes at the same time. This lowers the quality of education given 9) Failure to settle utility and rental fees to service providers. Some educational institutions have outstanding water, electricity and rent bills. There is one case where some students were thrown out of a rented boarding house they have been accommodated in. The institution had not made any payments to the relevant authorities for over three months. 10) Some institutions operate without being affiliated to local or international ones. As a result of this, the students do not get any benefits from student exchange programmes. This is an essential ingredient for exchange of ideas across borders which results in recognition.2.5 The Cost of Poor ServiceService is defined in the dictionary as "work, or doing work for another or for acommunity, etc".According to Wordweb, the online Thesaurus, service is "a Company or Agency thatperforms a public service; subject to government regulation".A number of companies and organisations are engaged in providing services andamenities such as education, water, electricity, communication facilities, sewerageremoval and medical care to the public.These companies and organisations are commonly referred to as service providers. 37
  38. 38. The quality of the service provided by a number of the service providers has been asource of concern.One area where public has been given a raw deal is in the availability of a reliableelectrical power supply. In recent years, there have been power cuts on a regularbasis.Supply of water by water utility companies in some areas has seen disruptions on aregular basis. The quality of the water supplied also leaves much to be desired.It is common in some areas, to open a "domestic water" tap and see muddy watercoming out of it for some time before clear water is seen.The muddy water is metered and paid for. The users have no choice but to let it flowto the drain or keep it in containers to let it settle before use.The availability of internet is erratic in some parts of the country. Even thosecustomers subscribing to broadband internet, do not always get the specified speedsthat they pay for.The availability of medicine in a number of medical institutions is erratic. It is onlythose who can afford to pay private institutions that get a better service.In the education sector, it is now "fashionable" for parents to pay for private tuition ofschool going children in order for them to get good marks in their examinations.What has happened to the standard of teaching in some schools? The answer isanybodys guess.Let us consider an example, where a parent pays, say $250 per term, for a child whoattends a boarding school. During school holidays, the parent pays $20 per subject forthe child to get "extra tuition". The tuition would be from a member of staff from asimilar school where the child attends! For four subjects, $80 tuition fee has to bepaid. The total cost of education per child comes to $990 per year, instead of $750.This is 32% more than what should be paid.There is nothing wrong with extra tuition for school children who are slow learners.What is worrying is where this tuition has become the norm rather than the exception.What happens to the children whose parents can not afford extra tuition if theirschools cant provide quality tuition?Let us consider another example of a water utility company who supplies low qualitydomestic water. If a family pays $40 per month for it and, say $5 worth of that wateris not suitable for use. This comes to $60 worth of water per year thrown into thedrain.These two examples given above, results in a total figure of $300 extra expenditureper annum. This money, which is paid unnecessarily, reduces the quality of life of the 38
  39. 39. family. It is also good breeding ground for corruption as people are forced to find othermeans to make ends meet.If the total amount of money lost by the public, in terms of loss of business, or havingto pay extra is calculated, it will be in millions of dollars for the whole country.The question is what has gone wrong for us to reach this state of affairs?A number of service providers are dogged by various problems ranging from poormanagement styles, lack of capital input and lack of competition.Authorities are urged to put measures, to ensure that the public does not subsidizenon-performing companies and organisations, at the expense of nationaldevelopment.2.6 Inflated Contract CostsOne of the greatest challenges that organizations face is the bearing of cost higheroperating costs. This can be attributed to various factors. One is as a result of poorwork practices.A typical example is that in contract work, where the cost of jobs done could beinflated to as much as 20% above the actual value of the work.When a job needs to be done, a company would issue out a tender document invitingpotential contracting companies.The tender document would consist of:-  A Scope of Work - This gives a description of the work to be done.  A Bill of Quantities - This gives a list of tasks to be done. This list includes the quantities of materials required to carry out the work and the unit cost of the material. The Bill of Quantities also includes the quantity of labour and equipment costs associated with the work.The total cost of the project would then be equal to the totals of the costs tabulated inthe Bill of Quantities.When a tender document is issued by an organization, the tendering companies arerequested to fill in the costs for the various elements in the list.A companys Clerk of Works, who ideally would be a qualified Quantity Surveyor,would make an estimated cost from the Bill of Quantities. This is done before thetender document is issued out to the contracting companies. 39
  40. 40. The estimate done by the Clerk of Works would then be used as a yardstick forcomparing the tender offers from the bidding companies.A lot of organizations loose out on tender work because of the following:- 1) They do not employ qualified Quality Surveyors who can make professional calculations to determine a realistic estimate of the cost of the work. 2) They do not keep records of similar jobs done in the past. Keeping records is a very good system because the overall trend of installation work can be monitored. 3) Dishonest employees do take advantage of the ignorance of their employers and connive with contractors to inflate the cost of contract work. 4) There is no consultation between departments or divisions of the same company to compare previous costs of similar jobs. 5) In an effort to save costs, some organizations tend to choose the lowest tenders as the best. For a job which has been professionally estimated, the difference between the lowest and highest bidder should not be more than 25% and the Quantity Surveyors estimate should lie between the lowest and highest bidder. 6) There should be specific type and quality of material to be used. Some contracting companies have a tendency of buying inferior materials so that the total cost of the installation is lower than those who quote using high quality material. Remember if it is cheap, it is not durable and hence it is not good. 7) Commercial departments should not have a say in who should do the work unless experienced and qualified technical people are part of the commercial departments. 8) Some organizations have a system of asking for very ridiculous discounts after the tendering companies have submitted their quotations. The company that gives a very large discount may be given the contract. At the end of it all the work fails to be done successfully and a new tender has to given. 9) Employees in charge of writing the Scope of Works have inadequate experience. 10) Some organizations do not use modern management tools. These tools help to ensure that there is a professional approach to do the work. 40
  41. 41. 2.7 Under Weight MeasuresIn an effort to make more profit, some traders have tendency of giving underweightquantities to unsuspecting customers.At the local markets in most towns and cities foodstuffs are sold, some commoditiesare sold without being properly weighed.The Weights and Measures Department of the Government at one time tried to put inlegislation to compel the traders to use calibrated scales at markets. This could not befully implemented because most of the traders are poor people who could not afford tobuy these scales. The other problem was to implement the checking the accuracy ofthese scales, which could be easily be tampered with.Even at some filling stations where fuel is sold via calibrated pumps, one has to takeprecaution when refuelling.Most of the victims of cheating whilst refuelling their vehicles are the affluent. A lothave a tendency of not paying attention when refuelling. The others are the longdistance travellers.There have been cases where a tired traveller, on a long journey, drives into a fillingstation. He asks the fuel attendant to fill up his vehicle up to full tank. Since his mindis on continuing with the journey as soon possible, he wont check whether all the fuelis actually being put into the tank.Some unscrupulous fuel attendants would put a jerry can under the tank of thevehicle. If the driver asks him to put full tank, part of the fuel would go into the jerrycan when the driver is not looking.In some places there are cases where the weight of commodities sold is artificiallyincreased by soaking it in water.2.8- Cattle RustlingCattle‟s rustling is one of the biggest headaches that indigenous farmers suffer fromtime to time. In Zambia this crime now attracts a minimum of seven years behind thebars.The cattle rustlers usually strike when the cattle is kept in kraals for the night.Over the years some criminals have been caught red handed and have received thewrath of the owners, which in some incidents has resulted in the deaths of the culpritsat the hands of “instant justice” mobs. 41
  42. 42. In Africa, cattle are regarded as a form of wealth which is comparable to that ofmillionaires in Western societies. A man‟s status would be determined by how manyherds of cattle one has and not necessarily how much money he has in the Bank.Cattle has been used as a means for payment for various services rendered , whichinclude dowry settlement and payment for being treated of an ailment by awitchdoctor.With the development of the countries from a traditional to urban setting, cattle hasbecome an input in the Butchery industry found in urban areas.The cattle for the butchers are either purchased from commercial ranches or fromtraditional herdsmen found in rural areas.Due to increased population in urban areas the demand for cattle has outstrippedtheir supply.This has resulted in some criminal elements taking advantage of the situation byinvolving themselves in cattle rustling. In some instances as many as thirty herds ofcattle would be stolen in a single time.This new development has resulted in cattle owners to take some drastic measures tostop this scourge.One of the methods is for one man armed with a shot gun to spend a night in the cattlekraal to wade off any would be attackers. Alternatively, the cattle herd would be keptvery near the village, this however, is not often done due to the strong stench of thedung of the animals.After taking these measures the number of incidents reduced drastically. The Rustlershad to go to out flung areas where they were not known. These places are homes ofpoor peasant farmers who had lived quietly for many years.In one of their missions the cattle rustlers travelled a very long distance deep into thebush to look for cattle to steal.After crossings a number of isolated grassy plains they were informed by somevillagers that across one stream there were a lot of cattle, which apparently was justroaming about without herdsmen around. The villagers were tipped that a group ofcattle rustlers was in the neighbourhood.They got a shock of their lives when the herds of cattle they were told about turnedout to be a herd of buffaloes. The disturbed beasts charged at the group of cattlerustlers. Two of them were killed after being impaled by the sharp horns of the malebuffalo. Three others managed to escape by climbing up trees. 42
  43. 43. The story of the men‟s deaths spread very widely across the neighbourhood and theactivities of the rustlers were thwarted for sometime.2.9 Theft from Employment2.9.1 Portable Generator Theft Backfires Albert Mwenyi has worked as an Electrical Artisan at one of the Copper Mines on the Zambian Copper Belt for close to ten years. He was always emanating a strong stench of alcohol when he reported for work in the morning. This earned him several reprimands from his immediate supervisor Robby Mwalanga. Despite his weakness of reporting for work with hangovers, Albert was very hard working and dependable Artisan. He was especially strong at fault finding on electrical faults. This made him the blue eyed boy to his superiors. Albert never seemed to run out of cash, whilst his colleagues who had smaller families, could not afford to have cash from month end to month end. Albert was always with cash which he lent to his work mates with interest. Most of them had run of money by mid month. He was popularly known as "The Shylock" of the Open Cast Mine. No one could figure out how Albert managed to have cash all the time. His secret was that he used to pilfer electrical spares from his working place and sell them to suppliers of spares to the Mines. He could for example steal a box of fuses , sell them to a friend who a supplier to the Mines. The supplier would later resell the same fuses to another unsuspecting Mine. In some cases the spare would be resold to the same Mine where it was stolen from. This is what was called "recycling" of Mine spare parts. One item could be recycled a number of times before it was finally used by the Mines. This was a substantial loss to the mining companies. Albert became was a friend to a number of influential people around town. These included one of the local Police bosses, a Magistrate and a Bank Manager. These people never suspected him to be involved in any shoddy deals. In order to camouflage his clandestine activities, he was running a pirate Taxi business which was purported to give him extra income. 43
  44. 44. He was so influential that he even played Golf with top Mining Officials.He was popular to the Mine Police because he gave them some leads which resultedin the arrest of some mine employees who were stealing from the Mines. What he was doing in fact was to get rid of his rivals who were a threat to his wellbeing.One weekend as he was having his beer he learnt that one Farmer who was stayingsome 10 Kilometres from the Mining Town was in need of a Portable Generator forhis farm.The Farmer, Mr. Jacobs was assured that Albert could organise one Generator forhim. He told him that he had a friend who imported spare parts for the Mines.Through his connections he managed to remove a brand new Generator from theMine Stores.In order not to raise suspicion, he kept the Generator in a secret place before sellingit. He told Mr. Jacobs that it will be delivered in three weeks time.After three weeks Albert wrapped the Generator in a sack. He then boarded a minibus going to one of the neighbouring mining town.The mini bus dropped by the gate of the Farm and then proceeded to its destinationsome 100Km from the Farm.Albert was accompanied by his brother in law who assisted him to carry theGenerator from the road to the Farm House, a distance of 200 meters from the mainroad.Mr. Jacobs was curios to see two young men struggling with what looked a heavyload coming towards his house. As Albert was approaching, Mr. Jacobs recognised him as the gentleman who wasalways glad in an immaculate suit whenever they met at the Golf Club. Whatsurprised him was why he came to his farm wearing tatters and walking on foot !Mr. Jacobs welcomed Albert and his companion. He asked how much the Generatorwas selling at. He was told it was going for an equivalent of $1,500 in the localcurrency the Zambian Kwacha. After some negotiations the price was reduced to$1,250.Mr. Jacobs told his visitors to wait whilst he went into the house to get the money.As he closed the door behind him he opened the window of the house which wasnearest to where Albert and his Brother in Law were.He picked up his telephone receiver and pretended that he was ringing the Police. 44
  45. 45. “ Hello ! Is that Central Police ? Please connect me to the CID section.. I have two suspected criminals here who are trying to sell me some property which I strongly believe has been stolen.. You have no transport ? What a shame ! Ooh there is a patrol car in this area Please divert it to my farm quickly! “ When Albert and his in law heard this one sided conversation with the police , they fled from the Farm at great speed. In the process they left the contraband behind as it was not practical to escape with a 100Kg load as they were fleeing! As they were running away they saw what looked like a Police Vehicle speeding towards the Farm from a distance. This gave them more motivation to flee even faster!2.9.2 Digging with Bare Hands!John Hapezu was working as a Shift Boss at one of the open pits on the ZambianCopper Belt. Hapezu was a polygamist who lived above his means. His life style was the talk at hisworking place as it was not understood how he could live such effluence when he wasjust a middle management official in the Company he was working for.Hapezu used to tell his colleagues that he was a prince for one of the tribes in thecountry which was renowned for keeping large herds of cattle. He had to be apolygamist as per his tradition.Hapezu had one secret which was not known to his work mates until fate turnedagainst him.He was doing afternoon shift and the weather was very showery. He took advantageof the rainy weather to carry out his plan. He was driving an official four by four LandCruiser, when he loaded four 210 litre drums of SAE40 engine oil into the vehicle.Three drums were required to be offloaded at one at the Filling Stations at thenorthern end of the open pit which was some five kilometres away. He managed toorganise with the store man at the main Filling Station to add one extra 210 litre drumfor Hapezus use.There was a small bush on the eastern perimeter of the pit where the extra drum wasoffloaded .After delivering the other three drums at the destination Hapezu continued to do hiswork. The Land Cruiser was equipped with a mobile Motorola radio by which 45
  46. 46. communication with the rest of operations at the pit.His radio call sign was “Omega 55”.He was due to knock of at 22:30 hrs. Just before that time he drove to the place wherehe offloaded the drum which he had planned to drive to the edge of the pit and roll thedrum so that it would drop off some twenty metres into the bush below. The drumwould then be picked by some accomplices using some bush passes which led into ashanty compound which was notorious for being a haven of criminals.As he was driving through the bush towards the pit rim where he was to offload thedrum the Land Cruiser got stuck in the muddy ground. Despite attempting to engagethe four-wheel drive of the vehicle it could not come out of the mud.His shift relief who reported at the Control Room waited for him to bring the vehicle.By 23:00 hrs, he has not come despite several promises when he was called on theRadio “Omega 55 what is your location?” He kept on answering “Close by, just standby”.By midnight Hapezus whereabouts were not known. In the meantime he hadcommandeered a Bulldozer to try to pull his Land Cruiser from the mud. As fate wouldhave it , the Bulldozer got stuck in the mud as well. At 1:00 hrs. the Mine Securitywere alerted about the missing vehicles .The driver of the Bulldozer abandoned it after a fruitless attempt to assist Hapezu toget the Land Cruiser out of the mud.Hapezu spent all night trying to free the vehicles but to no avail.Meanwhile the Mine Security combed the area where Hapezu could have been to buthe could not be located.By daybreak the Mine Security made a discovery of tracks of two vehicles leading intothe bush where Hapezu was marooned with the stuck vehicles and the contraband hewanted to take out of the pit.He was found digging the ground around the wheels of the Land Cruiser with his barehands. He had put some branches beneath the wheels which he hoped would free thevehicle.His body was covered with mud such that he was hardly recognizable.After being arrested and handcuffed he was put at the back of the Police vehicle.On arrival at the change house he was told to go and take a shower and change intohis casual wear clothing. One Policeman was assigned to wait for him outside thechange house. 46

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