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Chapter 27-ophthalmic-care

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Chapter 27-ophthalmic-care

  1. 1. Chapter 27Ophthalmic Care Health Care Science Technology Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  2. 2. Objectives  Compare the roles and responsibilities of the optometrist and ophthalmologist.  Summarize the role and responsibilities of an orthoptist.2 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  3. 3. Objectives (cont.)  Describe the roles and responsibilities of ophthalmic medical personnel.  Research ophthalmic career opportunities that involve preparation and fitting of corrective lenses.  Successfully complete 3 ophthalmic procedures.3 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  4. 4. Careers in Ophthalmology 27-1  The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist  Orthoptist  Ophthalmic Medical Personnel (OMP)  Preparation and Fitting of Corrective Lenses4 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  5. 5. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist  The Job of the Optometrist – Use instruments and observation to examine eye health. – Test client’s visual acuity, visual depth, and color perception. – Test ability to coordinate and focus the eye. – Prescribe eyeglasses and5 contact lenses. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  6. 6. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  The Job of the Optometrist (cont.) – Provide vision therapy and rehabilitation. – Administer drugs to aid in the diagnosis of vision problems. – Prescribe drugs to treat some eye diseases. – Diagnose eye conditions due to other diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure. – Refer clients to other health care practitioners.6 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  7. 7. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  Optometrist Specialty Areas – Working with the elderly, children, or partially- sighted clients. – Developing ways to protect workers’ eyes from on- the-job strain or injury. – Providing contact lenses, sports vision, or vision therapy. – Teaching optometry or performing research. – Working with ophthalmologists to provide pre- and postoperative care. – Working as consultants for industrial safety programs, insurance companies, and manufacturers7 of ophthalmic products. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  8. 8. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  The Job of the Ophthalmologist – Can perform any or all of the duties of an optometrist. – Can treat eye injuries. – Can perform eye surgery. – Most common eye surgery is the removal of cataracts, cloudy areas on the eye lens.8 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  9. 9. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  Corrective Eye Surgery – Can correct the following vision disorders: Nearsightedness, or myopia, which results in defective vision of distant objects. Farsightedness, or hyperopia, which results in defective near vision.9 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  10. 10. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  Corrective Eye Surgery (cont.) – Techniques being developed to correct the following: Astigmatism – a condition caused by an irregularly shaped cornea, resulting in blurred vision. Presbyopia – the inability of the eye lens to focus incoming light, common in people over 40.10 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  11. 11. The Optometrist and the Ophthalmologist (cont.)  LASIK – laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis – Surgery using cool, ultraviolet light on the cornea, the transparent anterior portion of the outer layer of the eyeball.11 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  12. 12. Orthoptist  Diagnoses and treats clients with amblyopia, strabismus, defects in eye movements, and binocular vision.12 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  13. 13. Orthoptist (cont.)  Usually works with an ophthalmologist, performing any or all of the following: – Evaluates vision and ocular alignment using special examination techniques. – Measures visual acuity, ability to focus, and the movement of the eyes. – Checks near vision and depth perception. – Estimates the eyeglass correction. – Performs glaucoma tests.13 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  14. 14. Orthoptist (cont.) – Evaluates color vision. – Assists in ophthalmic surgery. – Teaches children and their parents exercises to strengthen eye muscles. – Researches current methods of treatment, devises new modes of exercises, and increases the understanding of binocular vision. – Teaches orthoptics in hospitals or clinics.14 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  15. 15. Ophthalmic Medical Personnel (OMP)  Work under the direction of an ophthalmologist or optometrist as an assistant.  Collect data, dispense treatments ordered, and supervise clients.  Take ophthalmic photographs or use ultrasound.  An ophthalmic technologist may provide instruction and supervise other workers. Expected to perform at a higher skill level than ophthalmic assistants.15 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  16. 16. Ophthalmic Medical Personnel (OMP) (cont.)  TheJob of Ophthalmic Medical Personnel – Take medical history and perform diagnostic tests. – Take measurements of the eye and surrounding tissue. – Test visual acuity and ocular fields. – Perform all the ophthalmologic tests necessary for preliminary and highly specific eye tests.16 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  17. 17. Ophthalmic Medical Personnel (OMP) (cont.)  The Job of Ophthalmic Medical Personnel (cont.) – Administer topical ophthalmic and oral medications. – Instruct the client in care and use of contact lenses. – Maintain and sterilize surgical instruments. – Assist with ophthalmic surgery. – Assist with fitting contact lenses. – Provide supervision and instruction to other17 ophthalmic medical personnel. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  18. 18. Preparation and Fitting of Corrective Lenses  Ophthalmic laboratory technicians are also known as manufacturing opticians, optical mechanics, or optical goods workers.  They cut, grind, edge, and finish lenses according to specifications given by dispensing opticians, optometrists, or ophthalmologists.18 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  19. 19. Preparation and Fitting of Corrective Lenses (cont.)  The Job of Dispensing Opticians – Examine written prescriptions to determine lens specifications. – Recommend eyeglass frames, lenses, and lens coatings. – Measure clients’ eyes, including the distance between the centers of the pupils and the distance between the eye surface and the lens.19 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  20. 20. Preparation and Fitting of Corrective Lenses (cont.)  The Job of Dispensing Opticians (cont.) – Prepare work orders that give ophthalmic laboratory technicians the information they need. – Grind and insert lenses. – Verify that the lenses have been ground to specifications. – Reshape the frame so that the eyeglasses fit the client.20 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  21. 21. Preparation and Fitting of Corrective Lenses (cont.)  The Job of Dispensing Opticians (cont.) – Fix, adjust, and refit broken frames. – Instruct clients about adapting to, wearing, or caring for eyeglasses. – Keep records on customer prescriptions, work orders, and payments. – Track inventory and sales and perform other administrative duties.21 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  22. 22. Section 27-1 Apply Your Knowledge What is used to perform LASIK surgery? Answer: A laser, which consists of a cool ultraviolet light beam.22 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  23. 23. Procedures in Ophthalmic Care 27-2  Additional Career Skills23 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  24. 24. Additional Career Skills  Inaddition to testing for visual acuity, measuring color vision, and caring for eyeglasses, ophthalmic care staff members may perform other skills such as instilling eye drops. – Eye drops are used to dilate the pupils or treat disease. – Care should be taken to avoid errors when instilling eye drops.24 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  25. 25. Section 27-2 Apply Your Knowledge What disease is treated using eye drops? Answer: Glaucoma.25 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  26. 26. Procedures in Student Text 27A Measuring Visual Acuity 27B Testing Color Vision 27C Caring for Eyeglasses26 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  27. 27. Additional Procedures in Lab Activity Manual LM27-1 Instilling Eye Drops27 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27
  28. 28. Chapter 27 Credits Slide 5 Terry Wild Studio Slide 8 Dr. P. Marazzi/SPL/Photo Researchers Slide 18 Ken Lax Photography28 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 27

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