Paragraphs should be organized around onecontrolling idea that is usually stated inthe topic sentence. are made up of supporting sentencesthat develop the main idea. flow from one to the next usingtransitions (when writing an essay).
Topic sentence Tells the reader what your paragraphis about Includes the topic of the paragraphand a particular idea/feeling about thetopic. i.e. In Lord of the Flies, Goldinguses the character of Roger(topic)to reinforce the potential allhumans have to be evil(idea).
Body The main part of the paragraph Contains the information needed tosupport the topic sentence andunderstand the topic. Includes:◦ Main points about the idea◦ Supporting details Examples Analysis of examples (how does each exampleconnect to your topic sentence) Organized in a logical order
In Lord of the Flies, Golding uses thecharacter of Roger to reinforce the potentialall humans have to be evil. In the beginning,Roger follows the rules implied by oursociety. When on the beach, Roger throwsrocks near Henry, aiming to miss, becausethe threat of authority is still present in hismind. As the book progresses, Roger’s tiesto civilized behavior vanish, and he begins toenjoy breaking the rules and injuring others.This can be seen in Roger’s decisions to killPiggy and to threaten “Samneric” with aspear in order to gain their allegiance. Rogeris evil because he enjoys being so. In theend, it is Roger’s actions that symbolizeblood thirst, allowing Golding to show thedepth of savagery within the boys.
Closing sentence Comes after all of the details havebeen included in the body of theparagraph Serves to:◦ Remind your reader of the topic◦ Summarize the paragraphIn the end, it is Roger’s actions thatsymbolize blood thirst, allowing Golding toshow the depth of savagery within theboys.
Transitions Link ideas together Paragraph to Paragraph◦ May appear at the start or end of aparagraph. Sentence to Sentence◦ Link ideas together within the body of aparagraph.
Revision Rewrite one paragraph from your test, keeping the previousinfo in mind, and using the key below to help you know whatto fix:◦ POV = Change your point of view; use third person (remove“I statements”)◦ TS = Add a topic sentence (PP) / Include a theme in yourtopic sentence (essay)◦ O = Revise your organization so that ideas are presentedlogically◦ D = Add details to support your points◦ Q = Incorporate quotes from the passages to support yourstatements◦ C = Check your conventions(spelling/punctuation/capitalization)◦ E = Remember a concluding sentence/ a conclusion◦ T = Check the prompt again to make sure you are on task◦ LE = be sure you’re making references to multiple literaryelements