Graphic Novels
A Brief History

http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSdgu4T6RP4wTRaXEfIZqIr-aVTRIhpmoJjzJBVTKh8mi_WBPk...
GRAPHIC NOVELS: DEFINED
What’s a graphic novel?

• Broadly defined, a story told in comic book format, but
presented to the reader in a book.
“Graphic” & “Novel”
• The phrase “graphic novel” is sort of a misnomer.
• Not all graphic novels are “novels”.
• See Perse...
A Rich History
•
•
•
•

Graphic novels have a lengthy history outside of the US.
Japan & Manga
Europe even beat us to the ...
GRAPHIC NOVELS: US HISTORY
Before the days off…
1938
1940s
• “Most children (and certainly most boys)
read, collected, and exchanged comic books” (Monnin).
• Many adults were ...
WHY THE BAD REP?
1950s
• A psychologist by the
name of Wertham
denounced comics
and claimed they
were causing kids to
turn “bad”.
• Many co...
Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile
Delinquency Hearings (1954)
• Televised trials
• Young people + comics
= juvenile delinque...
Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile
Delinquency Hearings (1954)
• Let’s do a close reading of the statement of
purpose regardi...
Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile
Delinquency Hearings (1954)
• Created a biased representation
• Comic content “toned down”...
1960s
• Comic books were
virtually left for dead.
• Appealed now to a
narrow field of
hardcore fans.
1970s
• Comic artists set out
to prove that image
literacies could:
• Appeal to a wide
audience (kids &
adults alike)
• Op...
1980s & 1990s
• Maus I (1986) & Maus II (1991) = game changers
• US Graphic novels was born.

• Brought new readers to the...
Today’s Entertainment
Today’s Entertainment
• Clearly includes
graphic novels
• Book store sections
are overflowing
• Manga is has a
growing fan...
What’s More?
• You can learn from reading them, too!
The truth…
• Comics are more than superheroes, aliens, crime, and violence.
• Many subjects are successfully represented i...
Works Cited
Monnin, Katie. Teaching Graphic Novels. Gainsville, FL:
Maupin House Publishing, 2010. Print.
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Gn brief history

  1. 1. Graphic Novels A Brief History http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSdgu4T6RP4wTRaXEfIZqIr-aVTRIhpmoJjzJBVTKh8mi_WBPk3pg:go.standard.net/sites/default/files/images/2011/10/28/usu-show-examines-graphic-novels-16667.jpg
  2. 2. GRAPHIC NOVELS: DEFINED
  3. 3. What’s a graphic novel? • Broadly defined, a story told in comic book format, but presented to the reader in a book.
  4. 4. “Graphic” & “Novel” • The phrase “graphic novel” is sort of a misnomer. • Not all graphic novels are “novels”. • See Persepolis. • Not all graphic novels are “graphic”. • American Born Chinese, for example.
  5. 5. A Rich History • • • • Graphic novels have a lengthy history outside of the US. Japan & Manga Europe even beat us to the punch. US & Graphic Novels started a beautiful relationship in the 80s.
  6. 6. GRAPHIC NOVELS: US HISTORY
  7. 7. Before the days off…
  8. 8. 1938
  9. 9. 1940s • “Most children (and certainly most boys) read, collected, and exchanged comic books” (Monnin). • Many adults were scared by the intensity with which kids’ embraced such stories.
  10. 10. WHY THE BAD REP?
  11. 11. 1950s • A psychologist by the name of Wertham denounced comics and claimed they were causing kids to turn “bad”. • Many communities organized comic book burnings.
  12. 12. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency Hearings (1954) • Televised trials • Young people + comics = juvenile delinquents • Only horror & crime books investigated • Politicians, educators, d octors, and comic creators were present
  13. 13. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency Hearings (1954) • Let’s do a close reading of the statement of purpose regarding these trials.
  14. 14. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency Hearings (1954) • Created a biased representation • Comic content “toned down” as a result • However, the public still linked crime, horror, and delinquency to comics
  15. 15. 1960s • Comic books were virtually left for dead. • Appealed now to a narrow field of hardcore fans.
  16. 16. 1970s • Comic artists set out to prove that image literacies could: • Appeal to a wide audience (kids & adults alike) • Operate on a serious, literary level
  17. 17. 1980s & 1990s • Maus I (1986) & Maus II (1991) = game changers • US Graphic novels was born. • Brought new readers to the world of graphic novels. • Novel readers were reading comic books. • We got the stories of Watchmen and The Dark Knight Returns out of this era, too.
  18. 18. Today’s Entertainment
  19. 19. Today’s Entertainment • Clearly includes graphic novels • Book store sections are overflowing • Manga is has a growing fan-base.
  20. 20. What’s More? • You can learn from reading them, too!
  21. 21. The truth… • Comics are more than superheroes, aliens, crime, and violence. • Many subjects are successfully represented in comic books… • • • • • • • History/historical fiction Science Biography Geography Math Classics/ poetry Mythology/folklore/tall tales
  22. 22. Works Cited Monnin, Katie. Teaching Graphic Novels. Gainsville, FL: Maupin House Publishing, 2010. Print.

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