Tobacco And You


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This presentation goes over some general tobacco facts as well as new products tobacco companies are marketing.

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  • This estimate includes approximately 38,000 deaths from secondhand smoke exposure. More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Illegal drug use Alcohol use Motor vehicle injuries Suicides and Murders combined.
  • Spy Killer - so let's say you're stumbling out of the Kremlin on another secret mission from the KGB and you happen upon a fallen comrade. No sign of foul play, no empty jug of vodka, just another dead Russian spy. Your spider sense tells you: poison. Holy Sputnik your spider sense is good! Because in 2006, a former Russian spy was allegedly killed using a radioactive isotope called Polonium-210. Any guess where you can find such a rare assassin every single day? Da, cigarette smoke. Urea - Pee, glorious pee. So many great uses: snow ink, toilet paint, you name it. Well, now you can add cigarettes to that list. That's right, the same stuff that comes out of your plumbing has a little thing called urea in it, and urea's in cigarette smoke. Who knew Big Tobacco was all-natural like that? Antifreeze - Is th-th-that an ig-g-gloo in y-y-your p-p-pants or are you j-j-just hap-p-py to see us? Well, good news: now there's delicious methanol in your cigarette smoke. That stuff is in anti-freeze, and heck, if you're stuck in the middle of North Dakota in nothing but your skivvies, a little antifreeze goes a long way. Of course swallowing it might kill you, so you better find a little anti-death before you go trying any stunts. Dog and Cat Repellent - You don't see many dogs smoking these days, do you? No sir. That's because cinnamaldehyde, one of the delicious ingredients in cigarettes, is also an ingredient in dog and cat repellent. Too much smoke and Fido just might try and repel himself. And nobody wants to watch that. Batteries- Things that typically need batteries: cyberdroids, light sabers, remote-control cars. Things that typically don't need batteries: your mom, rainbows, and cigarettes. So how come there's cadmium in cigarette smoke? After all, cadmium is one of the toxic chemicals found in batteries. Maybe Big Tobacco's coming out with an electronic laser cigarette in the near future, but don't hold your breath. Gasoline - Gentlemen, start your cigarettes: this one is for all you drag racers, grease monkeys and F-1'ers out there. Turns out, toluene, one of the chemicals in tobacco smoke, is also a noxious component in gasoline. And here we are with a gas shortage on our hands. Sheesh. Rocket Fuel - Yeah, you're right, this chemical is in cigarettes, but you wanna hear something really awesome? It's also found in rocket fuel! Which is found in...ROCKET SHIPS!!! Rocket ships rule! Sure, hydrazine can give you seizures, tremors, and convulsions, but give it a break folks, because this stuff could also help put a monkey on Mars! Which to reiterate... awesome! Nail Polish Remover - For all the hipsters, Goths and ladies in the room, this one is for you. Acetone. Sounds like a download for your cell phone, sadly it's just a nasty chemical in cigarette smoke and nail polish remover. Yep, the same stuff that scrubs the Jet Black off your piggies is in every puff. Pesticides - No, it doesn't help grow geraniums. In fact, it couldn't be further from that - geraniol is an active ingredient in pesticides. It kills stuff. Much like your pet liger, semi-automatic weapons and the Grim Reaper. But don't get too excited, because it's also in your cigarettes. Embalming Fluid - Your pet frog died. Bummer. But before you start crying, consider this solution: formaldehyde. It's the funeral home dandy that keeps things like human remains and dead amphibians from decaying in front of your very eyes. Plus, leftovers can go to Big Tobacco: they've got formaldehyde in their cigarette smoke. Rat Poison - Here's a couple quick facts about rats: rats are trash-eating rodents, they live in sewers and reportedly, they were the buggers behind the Black Plague. All in all, fabulous little creatures. Now let's say you're in the mood to take a few out, which people are from time to time. Well, look no further than hydrogen cyanide, a main ingredient in rat poison and one other thing: cigarette smoke. Dynamite - Buh-BLAM! BLAM! BlamBlamBlamBlamBlamBlamBlamBlamBlam! Duck and cover, everybody, this site's about to blow! Introducing toluene, one of the magical components in TNT. And, coincidentally, one of the magical ingredients in cigarette smoke. Perfume - It's Mother's Day, and you're wandering around the local department store looking for something cheap to put a bow on. Sadly, you take one wrong turn and – BAM! – the old lady from cosmetics douses you in a shower of lavender and dandelion perfume. Now you're destined to smell like a retirement home for the day, so douse her back with this fact: the same chemical in some perfumes, acetanisole, is also in cigarettes. Hair Remover - If you're in the market for body hair remover - and be honest, who isn't - boy, do we have a deal for you. On sale now, for the low low price of absolutely nothing, is a lifetime supply of sodium hydroxide, a caustic compound in hair removal products. But wait, there's more! Act now and you'll also receive a second helping of sodium hydroxide in your cigarettes. It's a 2-for-1 steal! Mothballs - Did you know that moth larvae are a delicacy in certain parts of New England? HA! Just kidding. That's why we have mothballs. Those babies help protect your clothes from becoming freaky moth nurseries, and for a long time contained a dangerous, noxious chemical called naphthalene. Which is now in tobacco smoke. So what's good enough for us isn't good enough for moths anymore? Gosh, what snobs those little cretins can be. Insects - Okay, so technically they're not an ingredient in cigarettes. But tobacco companies listed 'insect infestation' as a customer complaint about their tobacco. Which is weird, because we already told you about the cigarette ingredient geraniol that's found in pesticides. You'd think that would've killed off the bugs. Floor Wipes - Ah, the glamorous existence of a floor wipe: dirt, crumbs, hair, pee, dog crap, bird crap, rat crap, coffee grinds, cereal spills, spit, boogers, sneeze and nail clippings. How could it get any better? Well, the acetic acid in floor wipes is also in cigarettes. Now that's a cherry on top. Prison Executions - A repeat performance for hydrogen cyanide! Congratulations, chemical friend, you're quite the ingredient star. That's because the same chemical in cigarette smoke is also used in prison executions. Which means if your cellmate's bugging you and the rats won't let you sleep, just douse the whole place in hydrogen cyanide and invest in a gasmask. Problem solved!
  • Chewing tobacco comes in the form of loose leaf, plug, or twist. Snuff is finely ground tobacco that can be dry, moist, or in sachets (tea bag-like pouches). SNUS is a moist powder tobacco product that is consumed by placing it under the lip for extended periods of time. It is a form of snuff that is used in a manner similar to American dipping tobacco, but typically does not result in the need for spitting. Dissolvable Tobacco – Orbs melt in your mouth as well as the strips and sticks. These are marketed to look like mints making them appealing to kids.
  • It is a known cause of human cancer, as it increases the risk of developing cancer of the oral cavity.
  • Breathing secondhand smoke has immediate harmful effects on the cardiovascular system that can increase the risk of heart attack. People who already have heart disease are at especially high risk. There is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure. Even brief exposure can be dangerous.
  • A Hookah is a waterpipe used to smoke tobacco through bubbling water. They range from about 1 foot tall to over 3 feet tall. Hookah pipes can be used individually or in a group setting…which makes it great for socializing with friends.
  • The bowl A container at the top that holds the tobacco and coal during the smoking session. It is covered in a small piece of tin foil and holes are made before the coal is placed on top. Hose The hose is a slender tube that allows the smoke inhaled. The end is typically fitted with a metal, wooden, or plastic mouthpiece. Body, Gasket, Valve The body of the hookah is a hollow tube with a gasket at its bottom. The gasket may contain openings for more than one hose. Water Jar Placed at the bottom of the hookah, the water jar is a container through which the smoke from the tobacco passes before it reaches the hose. By passing through water, the smoke gains moisture and is lowered in temperature. This makes inhaling the smoke of the hookah easier than that of a cigarette. Also the water jar allegedly functions as a filter for the smoke. The level of the water has to be higher than the lowest point of the body's tube in order for the smoke to pass through it. Liquids other than water may be added, such as a strong mixture of alcohol and/or fruit juice. The plate The plate is usually just below the bowl and is used for "dead" coals from previous smoking sessions or to catch stray ash. Operation The jar at the bottom of the hookah is filled with water sufficient to submerge a few centimeters of the body tube, which is sealed tightly to it. Tobacco is placed inside the bowl at the top of the hookah and a burning charcoal is placed on top of the tobacco. When one inhales through the hose, air is pulled through the coal and into the bowl. The air, hot from the charcoal, roasts, not burns, the tobacco, producing smoke. This smoke passes down through the body tube, which extends into the water in the jar. It bubbles up through the water and fills the top part of the jar, to which the hose is attached. When a smoker inhales from the hose, smoke passes into the lungs, and the change in pressure in the jar pulls more air through the charcoal, continuing the process. The hookah's components must be sealed tightly with grommets , or air which does not flow through the coal will dilute the smoke.
  • Once limited to cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco and chewing or spit tobacco, tobacco products today come in more flavors, forms, shapes and sizes, and with more unproven health claims, than ever before. 
  • So-called “reduced risk” products have included cigarettes like Omni and Advance, and tobacco lozenges like Stonewall and Ariva. Tobacco companies are expected to accelerate the introduction of such products in an effort to address the health concerns of tobacco users and to discourage them from quitting entirely, which is the only step that would truly protect their health.
  • These are non-FDA approved tobacco products, some of which are marketed to suggest they can help people reduce their health risks, despite no evidence that they help smokers quit. In fact, they are marketed to discourage smokers from quitting.
  • The Kansas Tobacco Quitline (1-800-QUIT-NOW) provides free one-on-one coaching to help tobacco users quit. The Quitline is available 24 hours a day/7 days a week in English, Spanish and 150 other languages. Trained counselors provide callers support to create an individual plan for quitting. This free service is available to Kansans who are ready to quit tobacco. The Quitline is provided through a partnership between the Kansas Department of Health and Environment and the American Cancer Society.
  • Tobacco And You

    1. 1. Tobacco and You
    2. 2. Tobacco Mortality <ul><li>Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body; causing many diseases and reducing the health of smokers in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarette smoking causes an estimated 438,000 deaths, or about 1 of every 5 deaths, each year. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Premature Death <ul><li>On average, adults who smoke cigarettes die 14 years earlier than nonsmokers. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on current cigarette smoking patterns, an estimated 25 million Americans who are alive today will die prematurely from smoking-related illnesses, including 5 million people younger than 18. </li></ul>
    4. 4. What’s in a Cigarette? <ul><li>Polonium-210 </li></ul><ul><li>Urea </li></ul><ul><li>Antifreeze </li></ul><ul><li>Dog and Cat Repellent </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmium </li></ul><ul><li>Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Rocket Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Nail Polish Remover </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Embaliming Fluid </li></ul><ul><li>Rat Poision </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamite </li></ul><ul><li>Perfume </li></ul><ul><li>Hair Remover </li></ul><ul><li>Mothballs </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Wipes </li></ul><ul><li>Prison Executions (hydrogen cyanide) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Smokeless & Dissolvable Tobacco SNUS Chewing Tobacco Snuff Dissolvable Tobacco
    6. 6. Health Effects <ul><li>Smokeless tobacco contains 28 cancer-causing agents (carcinogens). </li></ul><ul><li>Oral health problems are strongly associated with smokeless tobacco use. </li></ul><ul><li>Smokeless tobacco use can lead to nicotine addiction and dependence. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescents who use smokeless tobacco are more likely to become cigarette smokers. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Second-Hand Smoke <ul><li>Secondhand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke, is a mixture of gases and particles. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondhand smoke contains at least 250 chemicals known to be toxic, including more than 50 that can cause cancer. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Ever Wonder How Much Second-Hand Smoke You’re Breathing In? Sitting behind someone smoking in a STADIUM for 3 HOURS = Sitting in the NON-SMOKING SECTION of a RESTAURANT for 2 HOURS = Living in a PACK-A-DAY SMOKERS HOME for 24 HOURS = Riding in the CAR with someone smoking, windows up, for 1 HOUR =
    9. 9. Ever Wonder How Much Second-Hand Smoke You’re Breathing In? Sitting behind someone in a SMOKY BAR for 2 HOURS = Working in a SMOKER-FRIENDLY OFFICE for 8 HOURS = Working in a SMOKY BAR for 8 HOURS =
    10. 10. Health Effects <ul><li>Secondhand smoke exposure causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmoking adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home or work increase their heart disease risk by 25–30% and their lung cancer risk by 20–30%. </li></ul><ul><li>There is NO risk-free level of second-hand smoke exposure. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hookah <ul><li>Hookahs use a moist paste, which is typically 30% tobacco fermented with 70% molasses and fruit. </li></ul><ul><li>This gives it a more pleasant taste and smell than traditional tobacco products. </li></ul><ul><li>The different fruit flavors make it “easier” for non-smokers to try & use. </li></ul>
    12. 12. How it Works
    13. 13. Toxin Content? Is it safer?(single hookah session compared to a single cigarette) Chemical Hookah Cigarette Comparison “ Tar” 802 mg 22.3 mg 36 times the tar Nicotine 2.96 mg 1.74 mg 1.7 times the nicotine Carbon Monoxide 145 mg 17.3 mg 8.4 times the carbon monoxide
    14. 14. Tobacco Manipulation
    15. 15. Tobacco Manipulation Flavored products: Cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and so-called “little cigars” have been introduced in many candy, fruit, and alcohol flavors that mask the harshness of the products and make them appealing to children and youth.
    16. 16. Tobacco Manipulation Novel smokeless products: New smokeless tobacco products, some in teabag-like pouches and even in dissolvable, candy-like tablets, have been marketed as ways to help smokers sustain their addiction where they cannot smoke.
    17. 17. Tobacco Manipulation Targeted products and marketing: New products and marketing, such as R.J. Reynolds’ Camel No. 9, are aimed at women, girls and other populations.
    18. 18. Tobacco Manipulation Unproven health claims:   To discourage smokers from quitting, and possibly entice new or former smokers, increasing numbers of products have been marketed with unproven and misleading claims that they are less harmful than traditional cigarettes.
    19. 19. Tobacco Manipulation Undisclosed product designs: The report also details how tobacco manufacturers control nicotine delivery to maximize addiction, while using flavorings and other additives to make their products milder, easier to inhale and more attractive to children and first-time smokers.
    20. 20. Health Benefits of Cessation <ul><li>People who stop smoking greatly reduce their risk of disease and premature death. Benefits are greater for people who stop at earlier ages, but cessation is beneficial at all ages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking cessation lowers the risk for lung and other types of cancer . The risk for developing cancer declines with the number of years of smoking cessation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk for coronary heart disease , stroke , and peripheral vascular disease is reduced after smoking cessation. Coronary heart disease risk is substantially reduced within 1 to 2 years of cessation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking cessation reduces respiratory symptoms , such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. The rate of decline in lung function is slower among persons who quit smoking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking cessation reduces the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), one of the leading causes of death in the United States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women who stop smoking during their reproductive years reduce their risk for infertility . Women who stop smoking during pregnancy also reduce their risk of having a low birth weight baby . </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Cessation Options <ul><li>Effective treatments that can increase the chances of successful cessation include : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief clinical interventions (i.e., when a doctor takes 10 minutes or less to deliver advice and assistance about quitting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling (e.g., individual, group, or telephone counseling) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral cessation therapies (e.g., training in problem solving) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatments with more person-to-person contact and intensity (e.g., more time with counselors) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cessation medications found to be effective for treating tobacco dependence include : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-the-counter and prescription nicotine replacement products (e.g., nicotine gum, inhaler, nasal spray, lozenge, or patch) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prescription nonnicotine medications, such as bupropion SR (Zyban ® ) and varenicline tartrate (Chantix ® ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The combination of medication and counseling is more effective for smoking cessation than either medication or counseling alone . </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Need Help Quitting? <ul><li>A tobacco cessation program as unique as your thumbprint. </li></ul>Kansas Tobacco Quitline 1-800-QUIT-NOW
    23. 23. <ul><li>Hilary Meister </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>660-7198 </li></ul>