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Release Party Ubuntu 12.04

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- Basic Feature Ubuntu 12.04
- Compiz Demo
- Local repository with locrepo
- Virtual box, Wine, etc..

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Release Party Ubuntu 12.04

  1. 1. Release Party Ubuntu 12.04 LTS| Forum Ubuntu Indonesia | BPPT 12 May 2012 |
  2. 2. Table Of Content ➢ Behind the scene ● ISO Ubuntu 12.04 LTS ● Media Instalasi ● Burning CD ● Membuat Ubuntu Live USB ➢ Tips n' Tricks ● Shortcut Keyboard ● Perintah populer ● WineHQ ● Virtual Box ➢ Desktop Actions ● Perbedaan Ubuntu 12.04 LTS ● Desktop environment ● Repository ● Instalasi Aplikasi ➢ Live CD ● Seting Boot priority ● Hang saat live cd ● Cek hardware ● Membuat partisi untuk Ubuntu ● Memulai Instalasi Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Compiz In Action
  3. 3. Behind the scene ➢ Persiapan memulai instalasi, apa saja yang harus disiapkan.? ● ISO Ubuntu 12.04 LTS – Download dari mana..? ● http://www.ubuntu.com/download ● http://kambing.ui.ac.id/iso/ubuntu/releases/precise/ ● Mirror lokal lainnya – Download yang mana..? ● Desktop ● Desktop Alternate ● Wubi Installer ● Server ● Cloud Infrastructure
  4. 4. Behind the scene  Desktop – The desktop CD allows you to try Ubuntu without changing your computer at all, and at your option to install it permanently later. This type of CD is what most people will want to use. You will need at least 384MiB of RAM to install from this CD ● Desktop Alternate The alternate install CD allows you to perform certain specialist installations of Ubuntu. It provides for the following situations: – setting up automated deployments; – upgrading from older installations without network access; – LVM and/or RAID partitioning; – installs on systems with less than about 384MiB of RAM (although note that low- memory systems may not be able to run a full desktop environment reasonably). ● Wubi (Windows Ubuntu Base Installer) ● Server ● Cloud Infrastructure
  5. 5. Behind the scene ➢ Media instalasi Ubuntu ● CD atau DVD ● Flashdisk ➢ Burning CD / DVD (video) ● Di Linux ; ● Brasero, K3B, dll ● Di Windows ● Nero, Power ISO, dll ➢ Membuat Live USB ● MultiSystem (sesi praktek) ● Unetbootin ● Startup disk creator, dll
  6. 6. Live CD ➢ Memuilai Live CD Ubuntu ● Setting boot priority pada bios, atau boot menu jika tersedia ● Hang saat Live CD dijalankan – Cek media instalasi – Aktifkan “noapic”, tekan F6 Other Options saat boot menu muncul. ● Mencoba live CD Ubuntu ● Cek Hardware – Cek semua hardware apakah bekerja dengan baik, saat menggunakan live cd adalah gambaran dari hasil instalasi sesungguhnya. ● Membuat partisi dengan Gparted ● Memulai Instalasi
  7. 7. Desktop Actions ➢ Yang baru di Ubuntu 12.04 LTS http://www.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/whats-new ● Head-Up Display (HUD) – The new HUD gives you a fast alternative to the traditional, menu-based way of telling your computer what to do. Instead of clicking on menu items to give it instructions, you just press one key to bring up the HUD and start typing what you want to do. You’ll then get a list of functions, without ever needing to know in which menu they live. – Untuk menjalankan HUD, tekan tombol “ALT” (lihat ccsm → unity plugin) ● Video Lens – The new Video Lens makes it easier than ever to find the videos you want to watch. ● Ubuntu Software Center – The Ubuntu Software Centre gives you instant access to thousands of apps. You can see the top-rated apps, compare apps by rating and user reviews, keep track of what you've installed, and sync your apps between all your Ubuntu computers.
  8. 8. Desktop Actions ➢ Desktop Environment Ubuntu dapat menggunakan berbagai macam desktop environment, setiap DE mempunyai kelebihan dan kekurangannya masing-masing. Beberapa macam DE Ubuntu antara lain ; ➢ Unity 3D, Unity 2D ➢ Gnome Shell, Gnome classic ➢ KDE ➢ LXDE ➢ XFCE, dll
  9. 9. Desktop Actions ➢ Repository Repository = Gudang aplikasi http://wiki.ubuntu.com/repository Apa itu repositori..?, ada ribuan program Ubuntu yang tersedia untuk memenuhi kebutuhan anda, kebanyakan paket program tersebut disimpan disebuah arsip perangkat lunak yang sering disebut sebagai repositori. Repostori membuat sebuah perangkat lunak mudah diinstalasi kedalam Ubuntu dengan koneksi internet, dan juga menyediakan tingkat keamanan yang tinggi, karena setiap paket yang berada di repositori benar-benar sudah teruji dan dibangun khusus untuk setiap versi Ubuntu.
  10. 10. Desktop Actions ● Repository dibagi menjadi 4 komponen ● Main ● Universe ● Restricted ● Multiverse
  11. 11. Desktop Actions ● Pertama kali setting repository Buka “Ubuntu Software Center” Kemudian navigasi ke menu Edit -> Software Sources
  12. 12. Desktop Actions ● Tambah, edit, hapus repository ● Modifikasi “sources.list” via terminal ● Modifikasi via “software sources” ● update
  13. 13. Desktop Actions ● Instalasi Aplikasi ● Ubuntu Software Center ● Via Web – Getdeb – Apt-web, dll ● Offline install, download paket .deb, instal via terminal ● nb; jangan lupa fix dependency aplikasi ● “sudo apt-get install -f” ● Kekurangan dependency dapat menyebabkan aplikasi tersebut, ataupun aplikasi lain tidak berjalan.
  14. 14. Tips n' Tricks ● Shortcut Keyboard yang sering digunakan ● Alt+F7 = Move Window (menyeret/memindahkan jendela di bawah kursor) ● Alt+F4 = close window ● Alt+Tab = berpindah antarjendela yang sedang dibuka ● Alt+F2 = Run Command (seperti Win+Rnya Windows) ● Ctrl + Alt + D = minimize all / show desktop ● Ctrl + Alt + F1 = login virtual terminal ● Ctrl + Alt + F7 = kembali ke GUI ● Crtl + Alt + L = lock window ● DI Nautilus ● Ctrl+S di Nautilus = memilih berkas dengan pola semisal *.exe ● Ctrl+L di nautilus = memunculkan/mematikan address bar ● Ctrl+H di nautilus = hide/unhide seluruh berkas ● Dari run command, gksu nautilus = Membuka nautilus dengan mode root ● modeBeberapa Perintah favorit pada terminal ● Ifconfig = melihat daftar alamat IP ● Ping = Mengirim paket ICMP Echo kepada host tertentu ● Top = Melihat proses yang aktif, diurutkan dari yang paling besar menggunakan resources ● /etc/init.d/”nama-service” “perintah” = start, stop, restart, melihat status suatu service ● Clear = membersihkan layar ● Ctrl + C = menginterupt proses yang berlangsung di terminal
  15. 15. Tips n' Tricks ● Menjalankan program windows dengan WineHQ ● About Wine – Wine lets you run Windows software on other operating systems. With Wine, you can install and run these applications just like you would in Windows. Wine is still under active development. Not every program works yet, however there are already several million people using Wine to run their software. http://www.winehq.org ● TOP 25 Apps ● Support Apps
  16. 16. Tips n' Tricks ● Virtualisasi dengan virtualbox ● Alasannya ; – Aplikasi tidak disupport WineHQ – Mau coba OS Lain – Lagi ngoprek ● Keuntungan ; – Mengurangi resource hardware – Menjalankan beberapa OS dalam 1 pc – Virtualbox dapat dijalankan via Webpage, dll ● Selain Virtualbox – Qemu – Virtual Machine Manager – FAUmachine, dll
  17. 17. Tips n' Tricks
  18. 18. Compiz in Action ● Compiz (video) ● Apa saja yang dibutuhkan : – Compiz (default sudah terinstal) – Compiz-plugins-extra (optional, instal di USC) – Compiz-fusion-plugins-extra (optional, instal di USC) – Compiz config setting manager (ccsm, instal di USC) – Simple ccsm (template, optional, instal di USC) ● Apa saja yang disetting pada CCSM: – General options – Desktop Cube – Rotate Cube – Switcher – Effects – Animations Note : ada baiknya anda mengenal beberapa shortcut keyboard dan perintah terminal untuk merestart aplikasi tanpa merestart sistem operasi
  19. 19. Sesi Praktek ● Menjalankan Nautilus File Manager dengan mode root ● Instalasi aplikasi ● Membuat repo offline ● Membuat boot USB dengan Multisystem ● Compiz
  20. 20. Sesi Praktek ● Menjalankan Nautilus File Manager dengan mode root ● Tekan ALT + F2 ● Ketik “gksu nautilus” ● Masukan password
  21. 21. Sesi Praktek ● Instalasi aplikasi Kali ini kita akan menginstalasi paket “locrepo” yang berfungsi untuk membuat repository offline ● Copy folder “local-repo” ke folder “Home” ● Buka terminal, kemudian ketikan – $ cd local-repo – $ sudo dpkg -i *.deb
  22. 22. Sesi Praktek ● Membuat repo offline lanjutkan langkah berikutnya, setelah instal paket, kemudian ; ● Nonaktifkan semua “ppa” di “software sources” ● Gunakan nautilus mode root untuk mengcopy folder “repo- ubuntu-12” ke “/opt/locrepo/archieve/“ ● Buka terminal, kemudian ketikan – $ sudo locrepo tunggu +- 5 menit ● Update database Software center – $ sudo update-apt-xapian-index – $ sudo update-software-center ● Jalankan kembali Ubuntu Software Center
  23. 23. Sesi Praktek ● Membuat boot USB ● Buka Ubuntu Software Center ● Cari paket “multisystem”, kemudian install ● Siapkan USB ● Buka aplikasi “Disk” ● Format USB dengan “FAT32” ● Mount ulang USB ● Jalankan aplikasi “multisystem”
  24. 24. Sesi Praktek ● Compiz ● Buka Ubuntu Software Center ● install paket-paket berikut – Compizconfig-settings-manager – Compiz-plugins-extra – compiz-fusion-plugins-extra
  25. 25. Sesi Praktek ● Compiz, pengaturan CCSM ● Buka CCSM, atur parameter berikut – General option → desktop size → H=4, V=1, N=4 – Desktop cube → appearance → skydome – Rotate cube → zoom = 0,5 – 3D Windows – Switcher – Effects – Animations
  26. 26. Forum Ubuntu Indonesia :: Selesai ::

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