EDUCATION ANDMEXICO-UNITED STATESIMMIGRATION:EDUCATIONAL ACCESSFOR ALL?Heather Mangione, Clark University
Thesis & Research Statement There are a number of institutional barriers in place within both the Mexico & United States education systems that make it nearly impossible for Mexican children to succeed Both the United States and Mexico experience a negative rate of return from these children as they grow into labour-able adults.
Mexico & The Mexican EducationSystem Mexico is the 5th largest country in the Americas and the 13th largest nation in the world. The current population is estimated to be 112 million people (2011). 97% literacy rate for children under age 14 91% literacy rate for adults over 15 (www.unesco.org)
Indigenous & Migrant Education inMexico The National Council for Life and Work (Consejo Nacional de Educación para la Vida y el Trabajo, CONEVyT) Establish community plazas throughout the country where adults participate in continuing education certification programs and literacy/numeracy programs for free (Flores-Moreno, 2008). A significant percent of the country’s population did not receive an education past grade 9 (Secundaria) Many citizens are migrant farm workers and are not only illiterate but trained only in agricultural work CONEVyT strives to provide higher-level technological computer training and skills to adults all over Mexico and does target adults in rural areas.
The U.S.-Mexican Drug War and Educational Access www.npr.org
U.S.-Mexico Immigration:Educational Access for Children Undocumented status issues Plyler vs. doe (1982): Undocumented children can attend public school through high school Mixed-status families live in fear Transnational parenting
U.S.-Mexico Immigration:Educational Access for Children(cont’d) Institutionalized racist sentiment in schools Anti-immigrant sentiment Deficit model
Young Adults, Immigration &Educational Access DREAM Act Access to higher education Institutional barriers in place to bar undocumented students to participate in higher education
Education For All Goals (2000) 1. Expand early childhood care and education 2. Provide free and compulsory primary education to all 3. Promote learning and life skills for young people and adults 4. Increase adult literacy by 50 percent 5. Achieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015 6. Improve the quality of education
Immigration-based NGO in theU.S. • Immigrant Child Advocacy • Home Studies Project • Deportation Issues Counseling & Safety Protection
Immigration-based Non-Profit Mexican Educational Foundation of NY Focus on young adults Projects/Activities After-school program Mentorship program