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  1. 1.  Prepared by: Ahmed M.Elhawari Mustafa Fathy Tarek Emad Peter Sami Ahmed Saied  Under supervision: Dr. Hussien Sabit
  2. 2.  History of cloning  What’s the cloning ?  Types of cloning  The Cloning In Religion  Cloning laws in some countries  Summary
  3. 3.  in the late1800's:The first cloned animals were created by Hans Dreisch  in 1986: First Cloned Mammals  Dolly: lamb cloned from sheep embryos by Dr.Ian Wilmut He began the paperwork in 1987, and began research in 1990 and on July 5, 1996, a lamb was born.
  4. 4.  Cloning is production copies of identical cells or organisms from one cell.  The produced organisms have the same genetically traits.  Cloning occurs naturally by Bacteria ,Viruses, Some insects and plants which asexual reproduction
  5. 5. 1- DNA Cloning: “Recombinant DNA, Molecular cloning or Gene cloning” only the DNA of a cell is replicated. 2- Reproductive cloning: is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently animal Dolly, was cloned by “Reproductive cloning”
  6. 6. 3- therapeutic cloning: like reproductive cloning, except that the embryos are not allowed to develop fully.  the purpose of therapeutic cloning to extract stem cell from embryo and study them.
  7. 7.  In Islamic religion  Islam not prevent the scientific research, but this researches must be followed Islamic provisions.  Islamic religion forbidden the human cloning The reason: Because Islam rejects any way to give birth in man, but by "a couple"
  8. 8.  But, Islamic religion allow the cloning in plants and animals but with the scientific ethics.  The reason: Because Allah created these creatures and he has put human service, but within the limits of Islamic provision.
  9. 9.  In Christian religion  the view of Christian religion not different with view of Islamic religion on cloning.  Christian religion forbidden the human cloning.  The reason: the Christian religion view of human birth must be from “a couple” to family configuration.
  10. 10.  Egypt: Human cloning in Egypt is rejected Because Egypt depends on his laws on religion in Egypt, "Islam and Christianity" In both religions, "Cloning Denied"  United states: Cloning laws in the United States are not clear because the laws prevent human cloning which put in both “2005,2007" is not accepted yet.
  11. 11.  Australia: Australia like as UK in the human cloning, prohibited it. but allow it in therapeutic such as “stem cell Study”  United kingdom: UK politicians have given the go-ahead to allow cloning of human embryos for therapeutic (to develop stem cells to regenerate tissues) but not for reproductive purposes.
  12. 12.  Canada: Canadian law prohibits the following: cloning humans, cloning stem cells, growing human embryos for research purposes, sex selection, and buying or selling of embryos, sperm, eggs or other human reproductive material.