On the following slides…
• There are many pieces of information to
help you answer the question.
• Some are text, along with maps, images,
• Some pieces of information are more
useful than others.
• Some are even intended to throw you
You may also use…
• Your Google Earth work
• Existing knowledge
• Your aim is to answer “Why is Sam
moving to Maui?”
• Good luck!!
Why is Sam moving to Maui??
What attracts visitors to Hawaii?
How does Hawaii’s global location make it a haven for
Are there any problems associated with surfing in Hawaii?
Has the popularity of surfing in Hawaii caused any issues?
I think Hawaii is / isn’t the perfect Adventure Landscape
for surfing because…
This is Sam…
• She is 19 and lives
in Dorset, SW
• Every weekend
surfing, and is
Champion for her
Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean.
It is a volcanic island archipelago (chain
Hawaii is actually a state of the USA,
not a country.
It has a coastline of 750 miles.
The Hawaiian islands were formed at a
‘Hotspot’, where magma rose from
under the sea and created new islands.
This diagram shows wind currents around the world
What could contribute to regions having very strong winds?
Which regions would have the strongest winds?
What might happen if strong winds blow across the seas or oceans?
The climate in Hawaii is typical for the tropics, although temperatures tend
to be less extreme, due to constant TRADE WINDS from the east.
Summer temperatures are usually around 31 degrees during the day.
Winter temperatures do not dip much below 27 degrees during the day.
Most resorts in Hawaii are leeward (facing away from the winds).
Why would these temperatures attract tourists and visitors?
• The trade winds (also called trades) are the pattern of easterly
winds found in the tropics near the Earth's equator. The trade
winds blow predominantly from the northeast in the Northern
Hemisphere and from the southeast in the Southern
Hemisphere, strengthening during the winter months.
• Hawaii is 2300 miles from the west coast of the USA mainland.
• The Papahānaumokuākea
Marine National Monument
was proclaimed by President
George W. Bush on June 15
2006. The monument
140,000 square miles
(360,000 km2) of reefs,
atolls and shallow and deep
sea out to 50 miles (80 km)
offshore in the Pacific
Ocean, larger than all of
America’s National Parks
Red Pencil Urchin in the coral reef
• Hawaii is a popular destination for tourists looking to relax
on long, white sandy beaches and in clear azure waters, but
it holds so much, much more. In addition to the beautiful
landscape of the Island, visitors and locals alike can enjoy
art and jewellery boutiques, sunset cruises, botanical
gardens, snorkelling, scuba diving, dining, hiking, biking and
• One of the biggest attractions that Hawaii has to offer
however is the perfect atmosphere for surfing. The sport
of surfing was born from Hawaii and has been in practice
there for over 3,000 years. Thousands of people flock to
these islands each year to enjoy their beauty and to
participate in one of the most adrenaline pumping
experiences-surfing in Hawaii's waters.
• With spots that are perfect for beginners, to
beaches with some of the largest waves furiously
churning off shore for experts and some of the
world's best, it's no wonder why surfing in Hawaii is
one of the main attractions of the island and is
referred to as the surfing capital of the world.
• Surfing in Hawaii could be overwhelming to new
visitors with over 150 sites in the area to choose
from. The best surfing in Hawaii however is
typically found in and around the north shore.
One of the most popular and heavily visited places
for surfing in Hawaii is Banzai Pipeline.
Thousands of people will flock to this location in the winter
months to watch the waves powerfully pummel the shoreline,
reminding them of the awe and strength of Mother Nature.
During the summertime (between June and October) the
waves are gentler at Pipeline beach, allowing a greater variety
of surfers and surfboards to be used during this time.
Also during the summertime when tropical Pacific storms are
off the coast, many great spots in the south near Waikiki
Beach and Kauai become extremely popular to visit. Among
these are Poipu beach, Hanalei Bay, Tunnels Beach and
Nawiliwili Harbor. These places are popular for a reason, and
with popularity means crowds, so if you're looking to turn your
surfing in Hawaii into a more intimate and quiet experience,
then take a trip around the corner to Hideaways, a much more
In addition, if you're looking to avoid large crowds when surfing
in Hawaii, make sure you check out Turtle Bay Resort and
Waimea and Maalea Bay, two favourite local hidden hotspots.
Hawaiian Reefs and Surfing
• The reefs surrounding Hawaii formulate the perfect
conditions for swells of varying sizes to crush the
shorelines, giving surfers from around the world an
opportunity to compete with the strength of the ocean.
During winter months weather conditions form powerful,
rolling storms that whip waves on the North coast of
enormous size for only the brave and experienced to
face. However, surfing around Hawaii and the
surrounding area is always happening and never
dampened by too large of swells.
This is how the reefs
help create powerful
waves on the coast of
• When seen from below, swimmers and surfers can be
mistaken for the fat bodies of sea turtles, a favourite
treat for sharks.
• Splashing creates irregular ripples in the water, which
entice the shark to attack an apparently injured