The Swedish Waste Management System


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Presentation by Weine Wiqvist, CEO, The Swedish Association for Waste Management

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The Swedish Waste Management System

  1. 1. Green Tech Hong Kong, Stockholm31 th of May 2013Weine Wiqvist, CEO, Avfall Sverige (The SwedishAssociation of Waste Management)The Swedish Waste ManagementSystem
  2. 2. Avfall Sverige The Swedish Association of Waste Management 400 members, primarily within the public sector, but alsoprivate enterprises Service providers for the Swedish citizens Networking, training &lobbying Member of Cewep, ECN, ISWA and Municipal WasteEurope
  3. 3. Waste - a resourceTreatment of household waste in Sweden, 2011 (%)LandfillEnergy recoveryBiological treatmentRecycling (material)
  4. 4. The development
  5. 5. Waste prevention Reuse through fleamarkets, second hand, collection atrecycling parks, etc Food waste, textiles, electronical and demolition wastein focus – goals proposed Deposit fee system for beverage containers/bottlesGenerated household waste in Sweden is predicted to double2010-2030Generated waste world wide is predicted to rise with 72 %2010-2025
  6. 6. The past and future challenges6%2%30%62%1975 201036%13%49%1%40%15%44%1%2020Source:
  7. 7. 0200000400000600000800000100000012000001400000160000019901995200020052010Municipal wasteplanning compulsoryTowards zero landfillingProducers’responsibilityLandfill taxLandfill bancombustibleLandfill banOrganicHousehold waste to landfill per year (tonnes)Goal foodwaste50 %
  8. 8. Important success factors Public service Responsibilities Targets,regulations, economical instruments Attitudes & publicacceptance Co-operation Holistic view Integrated approach;material recycling & energyrecovery
  9. 9. Clear division of responsibilitiesProducerCitizenMunicipalityIndustry
  10. 10. OperationsAdministration: Frequent municipal companiesCollection 75% out sourcing(to private companies)Treatment 65% out sourcing(mainly to municipal companies)
  11. 11. A system based on resource focusCombustibleFoodProducts District energy/ElectricityBiogas/BiofertilizerHazardousDirectenviron-mentalbenifitPetrol saved andindustrialfertilizer savedFossil and otherfuels savedVirgin materialsand energysavedEnvironmentalprotection costssavedMaterials
  12. 12. CollectionCollection of waste fromhouseholds based onsource separation Curbside collection Recycling drop-off stations Recycling centers Various solutions for hazardouswaste collection
  13. 13. InfrastructureTreatment and recycling ofwaste based on the characterof the waste 58 organic waste facilities 32 waste to energy plants 79 landfills
  14. 14. Efficient and clean waste incineration
  15. 15. An important part of the energy systemDistrict energy in Sweden:OilWasteheatBiofuelsWaste5 %1980OilCarbonGasWasteheatBiofuelsPeatWasteHeatpumpsElectricity1993Fossil fuelsBiofuelsPeatWasteElectricity2008HeatpumpsWasteheatSource:
  16. 16. From landfills to modern recycling facilities(Illustrator: Per Josefsson)
  17. 17. An integrated part of a holistic systemProductsMaterialrecyclingWasteIncinerationLandfillVehicle fuelBiogas Cooling/ heatingproductionBiosolidsFarmsSewage watercleaningAnaerobicdigestionElectricityproductionOther fuelsHouseholds
  18. 18. Waste economyMunicipal waste: All costs covered bymunicipal waste fees(not by taxes) Tariffs decided byeach municipalboard Non-profit Allowed to bedifferentiated toencourage sourceseparation forrecyclingMunicipal wastewithin producers’responsibility: Costs covered by afee added to theprice of everyproduct
  19. 19. Waste feeAverage yearly fee perhousehold 2011:• Houses: 240 EUR• Flats: 150 EURAverage daily feeper household
  20. 20. Swedish Waste ManagementWeine Wiqvist,• Information about swedish waste management in english :• Information about the national platform for export of knowledge and and information