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Archives Of African American Achievement 2010 Week 2


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When slavery ended, getting an education was one of the first and most important things African Americans wanted to do.
So this week, our Archives of African American Achievement will focus on school!

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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Archives Of African American Achievement 2010 Week 2

  1. 1. ARCHIVES OF AFRICAN AMERICAN ACHIEVEMENT <ul><li>Week 2: Knowledge is Power </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Set up 4,000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Educated 250,000 African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Congress did not fund it for the first year </li></ul><ul><li>Helped establish the first Black colleges, including Howard University, St. Augustine's College, Fisk University, Johnson C. Smith University and Clark Atlanta University </li></ul>The Freedmen’s Bureau Started: 1865 Ended: 1869 Week 2-Knowledge is Power
  3. 3. Mary Smith Peake: Famous teacher b: 1823 – d: 1862 <ul><li>Founded the Daughters of Zion, an organization that helped the poor and the sick. </li></ul><ul><li>Taught slaves secretly for many years </li></ul><ul><li>Held classes under the Emancipation Oak now located on the campus of Hampton University </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Oak is at least 140 years old and designated one of the 10 Great Trees of the World by the National Geographic Society. </li></ul>Week 2-Knowledge is Power
  4. 4. Negro School, Charleston, SC Started: 1743 Ended: 1764 <ul><li>Founded by Rev. Alexander Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by the Church of England's Society for the Propagation of the Gospel </li></ul><ul><li>Many students were free blacks, but there also were slaves </li></ul>Week 2-Knowledge is Power
  5. 5. Prudence Crandall, radical teacher b: 1803 – d: 1890 <ul><li>Opened a school for girls in 1832 </li></ul><ul><li>Was boycotted when she admitted a 20-year old African-American female student in 1833, creating the first integrated classroom in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Black Law repealed in 1838; in 1886 state gave her a $400 yearly pension (about $9,500 in today) </li></ul><ul><li>Designated the state's official heroine in 1995. </li></ul>Week 2-Knowledge is Power