Smart City and Smart Government : Strategy, Model, and Cases of Korea

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Presentation file by Jong-Sung Hwang on Smart City and Smart Government. It was revised from an original presentation at FTTH New Zealand conference in May 2013. It explains different approaches to Smart City and the relationship between Smart City and Smart Government.

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Smart City and Smart Government : Strategy, Model, and Cases of Korea

  1. 1. The Korean Approach to Smart City and Smart Government
  2. 2. IT & Korea
  3. 3. 3 “Economic revitalization is going to be propelled by a creative economy and economic democratization….At the very heart of a creative economy lie science technology and the IT industry” (President Park Geun-hye)
  4. 4. 4 0 15,000 30,000 45,000 60,000 85868788899091929394959697989900010203040506070809101112 53,624 37,180 18,458 18,254 unit X1,000 Telephone Line Internet User Broadband Internet SmartPhone 32,727 Mobile Phone Telecommunication Internet & Mobile Smart IT Development of Korea Korean Population
  5. 5. Network Technologies (Dec 2012) 5 Satellite 0% FTTH 25% HFC 27% LAN 36% xDSL 12% LTE 29% WCDMA 50% CDMA 20% Broadband Internet Mobile LTE 36.4% (Mar 2013)
  6. 6. M2M Subscribers 6 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total SKT LGU⁺ KT Source: Korea Communications Commission
  7. 7. M2M Services 7 Other 6.9% Facility Management 13.7% Remote Metering 16.4% Telematics 19.2% Wireless Payment(POS) 43.8% Source: www.etnews.com
  8. 8. 8 80 85 90 95 100 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 RFID for Food Waste Children Safety Smart PaymentBus Information
  9. 9. M2M Market Forecast 9 0 5 10 15 20 25 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 Solution/Service Network HW 2.3 4.5 7.6 11.7 17.4 26 Source: KT Unit= b USD
  10. 10. IoT and Smart City 10 RFID/USN M2M Internet of Things Tipping Point Korea Smart City What is Smart City? “City as a Platform : City enabling data sharing and smart services across city”
  11. 11. u-City
  12. 12. 12 Why City? 0 25 50 75 100 1950 2009 2050 51.9 25 3 62.9 34.2 7.3 91.5 68.3 25.3 World Population Urban Population Urban Pop in Developing Countries Unit= 100 million 1960 2010 83% 28% Urbanization in Korea City is a center of human life. In developing countries, 13,000 cities with 200,000 population will be newly created by 2050 Source: UN
  13. 13. 13 “If the cities of the past were shaped by people, the cities of the future are likely to be shaped by ideas, and there are a lot of competing ones” (BBC)
  14. 14. 14 12 u-City has been built since 2005
  15. 15. Types of u-City 15 New City Whole City Old City Town City Type Scope Songdo Pusan Dongtan D-cube City
  16. 16. Is u-City an answer? 16 u-City Operating Center
  17. 17. What to be Improved? 17 “What is different?” • little difference from other cities • developer perspective • focus on city function • high costs and silos • little role of citizen
  18. 18. Smart City
  19. 19. Lessons from Experiences 19 Value up Cost down ❶ Open Platform ❷ Citizen as Sensors ① Citizen Perspective ② Service-focused ③ Innovation-driven ❸ Scalable approach ④ Data Sharing ❹ Smart City Lab - collaboration with other cities
  20. 20. Looking for a New Strategy 20 Data CitizenFocus on Service Smart City
  21. 21. 21 ubiquitous City✓ Computer Smart City✓Service Broadband Internet
  22. 22. 22 “One might be surprised to discover more differences than similarities among Smart City projects” ❶ High-tech City • Enhancing value and attractiveness of a city • Songdo, Dubai ❷ Smart Living and Sustainability • Enabling sustainable economic development • Amsterdam ❸ balanced approach • Seoul
  23. 23. 23 Definition of Smart City Smart City is “ a City as a Platform” for Data Sharing and Smart Services across City
  24. 24. Smart City Platform 24 Smart City Platform Geospatial Information (smart map + LBS + sensor + citizen) Data Sharing (key city data like energy, traffic, water…...) ICT Infrastructure City Innovation System (Smart City Labs within and between Cities) Private Investment & Industrialization of Smart Services
  25. 25. Smart City Architecture 25 Internet e-Gov | e-Biz | e-Life | ......... Mail Web Apps Internet Smart City & Gov3.0 Talk Sense Internet of Things Gov that thinks (what-to-do) Geo-Information ..... Analyze..... software smartware Data Bank
  26. 26. Smart Infrastructure : case of Seoul 26 Network Mobile Wired Geospatial Information Sensor GIS People • u-Seoul net (2003~ ) • u-Service net (2011~ ) • Broadband Internet • Public WiFi •WiBro (WiBro-WiFi Hybrid) • LTE • Spatial Data Warehouse • 3D GIS (2012, 38%) • Semantic Map • Mobile: Bus,Taxi • Fixed : Sensor + CCTV,WiFi • Community Mapping
  27. 27. 27 •Smart Device • Fee Wifi • Smart Literacy 600,000 5 min 100,000 Smart Citizen : case of Seoul The city of Seoul declared smart life as a basic right of all citizen
  28. 28. 28 Community Mapping
  29. 29. Smart Government
  30. 30. Korea e-Government 30 UN e-Gov Evaluation, 2012 Seoul Toronto Madrid Prague Hong Kong NewYork Stockholm 60.26 60.49 60.81 61.72 63.63 64.31 84.74 City e-Gov Index, 2011
  31. 31. 31 Trust in Government
  32. 32. Government is Scientific? 32 Evidence-based Policy Policy-based Evidence vs
  33. 33. 33 “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things”
  34. 34. 34 “There is nothing quite so useless, as doing with great efficiency, something that should not be done at all” “It is better to do the right thing wrong than the wrong thing right” - Peter F. Drucker - - Russell L.Ackoff -
  35. 35. 35 Government 3.0 Gov 1.0 (e-government) Gov 2.0 (platform government) Gov 3.0 (smart government) government that works well government that opens to people government that thinks process innovation (how-to-do internal) governance innovation (how-to-do external) policy innovation (what-to-do) IT system web & app data concept goal resource Korea
  36. 36. 36 ❶ Open Data & Citizen Engagement Gov3.0 Old Government G C G C C C C .. . . .. . . .. . . Share Engagement
  37. 37. 37 ❷ Collaboration collaboration Performance Management SNS,Teleconference Knowledge Base/Semantic Accountability
  38. 38. ❸ Personalized Services 38 Government (Data Analysis) Individual Citizen (Life Cycle, etc) : : : : Text Personalized & Customized Services Personalization : services based on citizen attributes and needs Customization : ability of citizen to modify government services
  39. 39. 39 Revitalize the Korean Economy Creative Economy Smart City and Gov3.0
  40. 40. Thank you! 감사합니다. Hwang, Jong-Sung, Ph.D. Research Fellow National Information Society Agency hjs0199@gmail.com

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