Pop Art Caitlin Berdijo Haley Chynoweth & Kali Defever
What is Pop Art?  <ul><li>“ Pop Art” term coined by Lawrence Alloway </li></ul><ul><li>Popular (designed for mass audience...
Art Influences   <ul><li>Abstract Expressionism  </li></ul><ul><li>Dada </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism  </li></ul><ul><li>Cu...
Political and Social Influences   <ul><li>Consumerism  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New technology made mass-production  ...
Origins  <ul><li>American  </li></ul><ul><li>Started by  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Rauschenberg  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Characteristics  <ul><li>American  </li></ul><ul><li>BOLD  </li></ul><ul><li>Primary colors  </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp lines...
Richard Hamilton
Biography <ul><li>Richard Hamilton was born February 24, 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton grew up in London, England </li><...
Influences <ul><li>On Growth and Form  by D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson </li></ul><ul><li>Eduardo Paolozzi </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956)
Interior II (1964)
Swingeing London III (1972 )
Peter Blake
Biography <ul><li>Born June 25, 1932 in Darford, Kent </li></ul><ul><li>1949-1951: Studied at Gravesend Technical College ...
Influences  <ul><li>Advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Music hall entertainment  </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestlers  </li></ul><ul>...
On the Balcony (1955 – 1957)
Got a Girl (1961)
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
The First Real Target (1961)
Jasper Johns
Biography  <ul><li>Born May 15, 1930 in Augusta, Georgia  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No formal training  </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
Influences <ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Cézanne </li></ul><ul><li>Willem ...
Three Flags [1958]  Flag (1954-1955)
Numbers In Color (1958-1959)
Robert Rauschenberg
Biography  <ul><li>Painter, sculptor, printmaker, choreographer, and occasional composer  </li></ul><ul><li>Born October 2...
Influences <ul><li>Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Schwitters </li></ul><ul><li>John Cage </li></ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns </li></...
Untitled (Combine) (1963)
Red Series (1953)
Monogram (1959)
Roy Lichtenstein
Biography <ul><li>Born October 27, 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Started watercolor classes in 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1940 Lic...
Influences <ul><li>Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressi...
Ten Dollar Bill (1956) Donald Duck (1958)
Look Mickey (1961)
Golf Ball  Lichtenstein (1962) Composition in  Black and White Mondrian (1917) George Washington Lichtenstein (1962) Georg...
Drowning Girl (1963) Vicki (1964)
Andy Warhol
Biography  <ul><li>Born in Pittsburg in 1928. </li></ul><ul><li>Took art classes as a child and then went to The School of...
Influences <ul><li>Commercial Art Career </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession with glamour and fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Jasper Joh...
Strawberries (1959)
192 Dollar Bills (1962) Green Coca-Cola  Bottles (1962)
Small Torn Campbell’s Soup Can (Pepper Pot) (1962) Campbell's Soup with Can Opener (1962) Campbell’s Soup Can (Tomato) (19...
Liz (1963) Turquoise Marilyn (1964) Elvis (Studio Type) (1963)
Claes Oldenburg
Biography  <ul><li>Born in Stockholm in 1929. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to America in 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Yale ...
Influences <ul><li>American commerce and love of things. </li></ul><ul><li>His own “Happenings” </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols ...
Floor Cake (1962) Soft Bathtub (1966)
Dropped Cone (2001) Spoonbridge and Cherry (1988)
Reactions to Pop Art   <ul><li>Only art critics and connoisseurs tried to understand in beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>Abstr...
Now What? <ul><li>Pop Art hasn’t ended yet! </li></ul><ul><li>Continued with artists such as  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damien...
Girls in Room (2011) What is Life Inside of this Room? (2011)
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Pop Art

  1. 1. Pop Art Caitlin Berdijo Haley Chynoweth & Kali Defever
  2. 2. What is Pop Art? <ul><li>“ Pop Art” term coined by Lawrence Alloway </li></ul><ul><li>Popular (designed for mass audience) </li></ul><ul><li>Transient (short term solution) </li></ul><ul><li>Expendable (easily forgotten) </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Mass produced </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at youth </li></ul><ul><li>Witty </li></ul><ul><li>Sexy </li></ul><ul><li>Gimicky </li></ul><ul><li>Glamorous </li></ul><ul><li>Big business </li></ul>
  3. 3. Art Influences <ul><li>Abstract Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Dada </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Abstractionism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political and Social Influences <ul><li>Consumerism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New technology made mass-production popular </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advertisements becoming part of daily life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Change in standard of living </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Post WWII </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vietnam war/protests </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Movement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Origins <ul><li>American </li></ul><ul><li>Started by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Rauschenberg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ray Johnson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reaction against Abstract Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by American pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>Started through Independent Group in the 1950s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Hamilton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawrence Alloway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eduardo Paolozzi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First exhibition was Growth and Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrasts in lifestyle with Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American troops in Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Influence of Rock and Roll </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics <ul><li>American </li></ul><ul><li>BOLD </li></ul><ul><li>Primary colors </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp lines </li></ul><ul><li>Mass produced </li></ul><ul><li>Consumerism </li></ul><ul><li>Pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Every day imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Modern </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduced </li></ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>Detached </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on American culture </li></ul><ul><li>Optimistic Point of view </li></ul>
  7. 7. Richard Hamilton
  8. 8. Biography <ul><li>Richard Hamilton was born February 24, 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton grew up in London, England </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton became a member of the Independent Group </li></ul><ul><li>In 1962 his wife was killed in a car crash, and Hamilton went to America for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>He met many American Pop Artists and even befriended Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton is often considered one of the first Pop Artists </li></ul>
  9. 9. Influences <ul><li>On Growth and Form by D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson </li></ul><ul><li>Eduardo Paolozzi </li></ul><ul><li>The Independent Group </li></ul><ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>American Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Pop music scene </li></ul>
  10. 10. Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956)
  11. 11. Interior II (1964)
  12. 12. Swingeing London III (1972 )
  13. 13. Peter Blake
  14. 14. Biography <ul><li>Born June 25, 1932 in Darford, Kent </li></ul><ul><li>1949-1951: Studied at Gravesend Technical College </li></ul><ul><li>1961: First exhibition; “Young Contemporaries” </li></ul><ul><li>1962: Featured in Ken Russell’s film on Pop Art, Pop Goes the Easel </li></ul><ul><li>1960s-1970s: Taught at institutions like St. Martins School of Art, Harrow School of Art and the Royal College of Art </li></ul>
  15. 15. Influences <ul><li>Advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Music hall entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestlers </li></ul><ul><li>The Independent Group </li></ul>
  16. 16. On the Balcony (1955 – 1957)
  17. 17. Got a Girl (1961)
  18. 18. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
  19. 19. The First Real Target (1961)
  20. 20. Jasper Johns
  21. 21. Biography <ul><li>Born May 15, 1930 in Augusta, Georgia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No formal training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1947-1949: Studied at the University of South Carolina and then Parsons School of Design in New York </li></ul><ul><li>1952: Drafted into the Korean War </li></ul><ul><li>1954: Returned to New York </li></ul><ul><li>1958: Gallery owner, Leo Castelli gave Johns his first solo show </li></ul>
  22. 22. Influences <ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Cézanne </li></ul><ul><li>Willem De Kooning </li></ul><ul><li>Arshile Gorky </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism </li></ul>
  23. 23. Three Flags [1958] Flag (1954-1955)
  24. 24. Numbers In Color (1958-1959)
  25. 25. Robert Rauschenberg
  26. 26. Biography <ul><li>Painter, sculptor, printmaker, choreographer, and occasional composer </li></ul><ul><li>Born October 22, 1925 in Port Arthur, Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Came from strict family who wanted him to be a minister </li></ul><ul><li>Attended University of Texas to study pharmacology </li></ul><ul><li>1943: Drafted; posted at San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>1952: First solo show at Betty Parsons Gallery in New York </li></ul><ul><li>1954: Collaborated with Jasper Johns </li></ul><ul><li>1996: Checked into rehab for alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>Died May 12, 2008 from heart failure </li></ul>
  27. 27. Influences <ul><li>Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Schwitters </li></ul><ul><li>John Cage </li></ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns </li></ul><ul><li>William de Kooning </li></ul><ul><li>Dadaism </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism </li></ul>
  28. 28. Untitled (Combine) (1963)
  29. 29. Red Series (1953)
  30. 30. Monogram (1959)
  31. 31. Roy Lichtenstein
  32. 32. Biography <ul><li>Born October 27, 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Started watercolor classes in 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1940 Lichtenstein attends classes at OSU including Art Appreciation and Advanced Freehand Drawing. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1943 Lichtenstein joins the army. </li></ul><ul><li>Lichtenstein’s father dies in 1946, and Lichtenstein is discharged from the army the same year. </li></ul><ul><li>Lichtenstein’s art is first in a New York gallery in 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>1956 Lichtenstein creates first proto-pop work, Ten Dollar Bill </li></ul><ul><li>In 1962 Lichtenstein exhibited his first paintings based on comics </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Lichtenstein dies September 29, 1997 . </li></ul>
  33. 33. Influences <ul><li>Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Rauschenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Claus Oldenburg </li></ul>
  34. 34. Ten Dollar Bill (1956) Donald Duck (1958)
  35. 35. Look Mickey (1961)
  36. 36. Golf Ball Lichtenstein (1962) Composition in Black and White Mondrian (1917) George Washington Lichtenstein (1962) George Washington Gilbert Stuart (1767) Les Femmes d’Alger Picasso (1955) Femme d’Alger Lichtenstein (1963)
  37. 37. Drowning Girl (1963) Vicki (1964)
  38. 38. Andy Warhol
  39. 39. Biography <ul><li>Born in Pittsburg in 1928. </li></ul><ul><li>Took art classes as a child and then went to The School of Fine Arts at Carnegie Tech Institute . </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to New York in 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>Got many jobs in commercial art for high fashion stores and magazines such as Vogue. </li></ul><ul><li>Last name was originally Warhola, but the “a” was accidentally left out in a magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>Became obsessed with glamour and fashion, he loved media attention and celebrities. </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to be very self-controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>Started film making later in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Died in February, 1987. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Influences <ul><li>Commercial Art Career </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession with glamour and fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns </li></ul><ul><li>Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Rauschenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Frank Stella </li></ul><ul><li>John Cage </li></ul><ul><li>Dadaism </li></ul>
  41. 41. Strawberries (1959)
  42. 42. 192 Dollar Bills (1962) Green Coca-Cola Bottles (1962)
  43. 43. Small Torn Campbell’s Soup Can (Pepper Pot) (1962) Campbell's Soup with Can Opener (1962) Campbell’s Soup Can (Tomato) (1961)
  44. 44. Liz (1963) Turquoise Marilyn (1964) Elvis (Studio Type) (1963)
  45. 45. Claes Oldenburg
  46. 46. Biography <ul><li>Born in Stockholm in 1929. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to America in 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Yale University, then Art Institute of Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>Was involved in partly spontaneous theatrical events called “Happenings”. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Influences <ul><li>American commerce and love of things. </li></ul><ul><li>His own “Happenings” </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of human life </li></ul><ul><li>Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Human body </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul>
  48. 48. Floor Cake (1962) Soft Bathtub (1966)
  49. 49. Dropped Cone (2001) Spoonbridge and Cherry (1988)
  50. 50. Reactions to Pop Art <ul><li>Only art critics and connoisseurs tried to understand in beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism: Hated </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Modern Artists: Accused Pop Art artists for being “sell outs” </li></ul><ul><li>Public Reaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hesitant at first. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After a little while the public began to enjoy Pop Art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art was now relatable and fun. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Now What? <ul><li>Pop Art hasn’t ended yet! </li></ul><ul><li>Continued with artists such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damien Hirst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeff Koons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takashi Murakami </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Girls in Room (2011) What is Life Inside of this Room? (2011)

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