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Chapter 1: Understanding Health and Wellness


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Published in: Health & Medicine, Education

Chapter 1: Understanding Health and Wellness

  1. 1. Chapter 1: Understanding Health and Wellness Lesson 1—Your Total Health
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Health—the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Health—a deep-seated sense of meaning and purpose in life </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness—an overall state of well-being or total health </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Disease—an ongoing condition or illness </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Health Triangle <ul><li>3 Elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental/Emotional Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Health </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Physical Health <ul><li>Physical health is all about how well your body functions </li></ul><ul><li>5 tips to maintain good physical health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get 8—10 hours of sleep each night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat nutritious meals and drink eight cups of water daily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in 30—60 minutes of physical activity every day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bathe daily, and floss and brush your teeth daily </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mental/Emotional Health <ul><li>Mental and emotional health is about your feelings and thoughts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you feel about yourself? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you meet the demands of your daily life? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you cope with the problems that occur in your life? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are some things that people who are mentally and emotionally healthy do on a day to day basis? </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Health—involves having a feeling of purpose and a sense of values </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Health <ul><li>Social health is getting along with others </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Friends </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Other Community Members </li></ul><ul><li>Your Social Network </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining healthy relationships and caring for your social health involves: </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking and lending support when needed </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating clearly and listening to others </li></ul><ul><li>Showing respect and care for yourself and others </li></ul>
  7. 7. Health v. Wellness <ul><li>Health is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness is keeping a balance among the three components of health </li></ul>
  8. 8. Keeping a Balance <ul><li>Wellness comes from making decisions and practicing behaviors that are based on sound health knowledge and healthful attitudes </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Health Continuum <ul><li>Your health and wellness are ALWAYS changing </li></ul><ul><li>Your health can be measured on a sliding scale </li></ul><ul><li>Hint: Be able to label the health continuum diagram  </li></ul>
  10. 10. Life Style Factors <ul><li>Life style factors are repeated behaviors related to the way a person lives, which help determine his or her level of health </li></ul>
  11. 11. Risk Behaviors <ul><li>Risk behaviors are actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others. </li></ul><ul><li>The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has listed 6 risk behaviors that account for most of the deaths and disabilities among young people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unhealthy dietary behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate physical activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol and other drug use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual behaviors that result in STD’s, pregnancy, and HIV infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Abstinence <ul><li>Abstinence is a deliberate decision to avoid high-risk behaviors such as sexual activity and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prevention <ul><li>Getting regular medical and dental checkups </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing a seat belt </li></ul><ul><li>Eating healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Staying active </li></ul><ul><li>Making your decision before faced with a choice </li></ul>