MATH AND SCIENCE Posters, Pages , Flyers on display
What is 123 Math & Science? M & S programs for ages 8-11 Library staff M & S activity- based programs Was featured in American Libraries
History – when? Who? Where? How was it promoted?
In accordance w/LCPL mission & policy – Informational needs of children ages 8-11, developmentally appropriate Attract new users, their friends or families Promote library materials and resources
This is a program where children interact with one another while sharing educational activities. These are not lecture programs. We plan and present them with the following objectives in mind: Maintain and review what they already know Provide an opportunity to explore in a supportive setting w/peers & have materials available Social experience within their community center Provide information to support their personal growth and development Allow children to share what they know
Some materials were purchased w/LCPL funds Ongoing/consumable resources are funded through Advisory Boards
Registered programs through Engaged Patrons, online registration. Begins two weeks prior to program date, limit 25 with a wait list of 5 Consistently full registration, we accommodate as many as possible
How do we develop programs? Initially, LCPL contracted with an educator to develop the programs. However, the contractor developed lesson plans more appropriate for classrooms rather than our library. So library staff have been developing program plans and posting them on our share drive. The genesis for our programs come from a variety of sources: Review SOLs to see what topics children are familiar with What M & S topics are the most requested at our service desks – conversation, TV shows, news articles/stories The programs are a great means to promote library resources
We do post our program plans and associated materials on our Intranet share drive. Why reinvent the wheel?
Examples of staff science programs, we also share materials.
A few branches had already presented Math & Science programs in the past, 123 Math & Science is the system-wide version of this programming. The name changed and as well as the extent of staff sharing & collaboration. In the past I presented a program called The Mad Scientsts’ Club. So I have been able to tweak past programs to fit our current system-wide program. While this blog is no longer active, it still has some ideas that could be adapted for use.
Distribute 123 Math & Science Resources sheet. Display logline & other staff created models.
During the summer months, we offer 6 consecutive weeks of M & S. For example, we may offer 123 Math on Tuesdays @ 1pm and 123 Science on Wednesdays @ 3pm. At our branch, we offer one math and one science program per week during the summer session.
How often M & S programs are offered during the school year varies branch by branch. Generally, at least one M & S program is offered each month.
During all M & S programs, Summer or during the school year, promoting library materials is an important part of the program! Display resource lists.
We are not “teachers” – we do not have a specific curriculum, we do not test! Supplement Enrich Extend Complement Facilitate Support Positive Life-enhancing
We have found that successful M & S programs include: Elements of choice & social interaction – give children some choices about what and with whom they will explore .. Always … create an environment that is positive, supportive, and encouraging through activity and interaction Remember primary focus is on the children in the room not the just the content.
Distribute copies of Sleuthing Secrets Plan. Distribute Research Teams Activity Sheets. Brief description of “crime”, suspects, and evidence collected Teams – Each team receives with a cup w/ Substance #1 or Substance #2 , discuss observation
Give each team cups w/2.5 TBSP of water Have them place 2 TBSP of each substance into separate cups, note any chemical reaction Repeat process w/vinegar
Share the physical properties, can they determine what each substance is?
Click to reveal the results of experiment
Distribute Activity Centers signs & materials throughout the room, allow a brief time for participants to experiment with them.
Give brief booktalk & demo
Display mystery snacks - In some settings, maybe yours’, adding an edible element may be feasible, -- they are certainly popular with children. If I am going to include edible elements, I contact families before the program to let them know. They decide how to handle it, majority like it. Edible model of the sun Senses = tasting different types of chocolate BE SURE PARENTS KNOW ABOUT FOOD! KEEP PACKAGING. & explain that video clip may only be a few minutes, 7 – 10. Way Cool Scientist or Try This!
Depending upon your system’s requirements, you may already have an evaluation process in place. However, I always include an informal element for participants. This allows them to express themselves and gives me valuable information about whether I met – in a general way – my program objectives. Display actual program evaluation posters from past M & S programs. And Paper Form
VLA Presentation Math & Science 2011
Heather Ketron Head of Youth Services Ashburn Library Loudoun County Public LibraryMaureen Smith Head of Youth Services Rust Library Loudoun County Public Library 1
1 2 3 Ma t h & ScienceVirginia Library Association Annual Conference October 2011 2
Presentation Preview Background Information Program Resources Sample Program Plans & Activities Questions 3
BackgroundLoudoun County Public Library developed a Math and Science program series that reaches children between the ages of 8 - 11.These staff presentations explore a variety of math and science topics through games, puzzles and experiments.The Loudoun County Public Library’s 123 Math & Science program was featured in the October 2010 issue of American Libraries. 4
Background (2) The Math and Science series was developed in 2010 and launched during the annual Summer Reading Program. The programs are presented by librarians, library assistants, and with the help of teen volunteers. The programs are offered at all 7 branches of the library system. Program scheduling during the school year varies from branch to branch. Promotion = Pages (print calendar of events); library website; flyers; and displays. 5
PurposeIn accordance with Loudoun County Public Library policy, the 123 Math & Science programs shall exist to meet informational needs; attract new library users; and spotlight library books and materials. 6
Objectives Through participation in the 123 Math & Science program, children ages 8 – 11 will share educational and recreational experiences. Specifically, participants will: Maintain educational gains and review mathematical and science concepts Informally explore a variety of math and science topics through games, puzzles, and experiments Interact with peers through large and small group activities Become aware of library books and media through book talks and short viewings Share knowledge and ideas with peers 7
Funding Funding for 123 Math and Science comes from the Loudoun County Public Library operating budget. Some branches also receive funding from Advisory Boards. 8
Participation From June 2010 – August 2011 166 123 Math & Science programs were presented in LCPL branches Average attendance was 22 participants during the school year and 32 during the summer months 9
Program Development 123 Math & Science program plans were developed through library staff collaboration utilizing topics that: follow several streams in the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) to take advantage of juvenile popular interest to promote usage of science and math library materials both print and electronic. 10
Sample Summer Programs123 Math 123 ScienceTangrams CrystalsPentominoes Beautiful ButterfliesMosaic Design Flipped! – Visual PerceptionStructures Making Suspension BridgeButtons in a Bag – Probability Owl Pellet DissectionPatterns Space Weather 15
Sample School-Year Programs Sample topics during School Year Body Math – Use your body to explore probability, calculations, and measurement. Sleuthing Secrets - Crack codes; analyze handwriting; compare plaster footprints; and learn how to sharpen your sleuthing skills. Measurement Rules: Length, width, area, volume, temperature, mass, weight, time, grids, and graphs – we will measure absolutely everything! Amazing Adaptations: Identify unique survival adaptations of plants and animals. Calculators + Kids = Fun! Use a calculator to solve riddles and puzzles. The Real McCoy: Discover several famous African American scientists and learn about their contributions to science. Garden Math: Plan a spring garden using area. Pollution Solutions: Go green with recycling. Marvels of Motion: Newton’s laws … in motion! 16
Promoting Library Materials Demonstrate databases during program Book Display Book Talks Print list of related library materials, Want to learn more about ___? Then try these … 17
Role of Library Staff We are supplementing, enriching , and extending children’s knowledge of math and science topics vs. teaching a specific curriculum. We complement school instruction, we do not provide instruction or remediation. Our role is to facilitate and support children’s learning. Our role is also to create a setting where children have a positive, life-enhancing experience in the library. 18
Some Keys to Success Choice in many of our programs children choose which activities they will participate in, they are not forced to do anything! Friends: children work with friends, they don’t need to prove they can do it alone! Positive Supportive Encouraging FOCUS = Children vs. “teaching” 19
Sample Math Program & Activities PROBABILITY & STATISTICS Program Objectives•Participants will acquire a simple understanding ofprobability and statistics through hands-on experiments.•Participants will work as one group or several smallergroups to perform experiments as research teams.•Participants will become aware of library materials throughbook talks and displays. 20
Definitions:Probability is a way of expressing knowledge or belief thatan event will occur or has occurred. In mathematics, theconcept has been given an exact meaning in probabilitytheory that is used extensively in such areas of study asmathematics, statistics, finance, gambling, science andphilosophy to draw conclusions about the likelihood ofpotential events.Statistics is the science of making effective use ofnumerical data relating to groups of individuals orexperiments. It deals with all aspects, including thecollection, the analysis and the interpretation of suchdata. 21
Experiment 1 – Alphabetical Probability 15-20 minutes Participants will predict what they believe the 5 most commonly used letters in the English language are. Theywill circle these 5 letters on their chart noting the one letter they believe is the most common. The participants will be divided into teams but work individually for the first exercise.o Participants will select one or more sentences from a book and tally how many times each letter appears in the sentence.o The group will compile their individual results and give a group report.o The group results will be placed on a class chart (white board) to discuss their conclusions. 22
u ssi o ns: her Disc Fu r tWhat is so strange about these three sentences?1.This is odd.2.Do you know why?3.Try and find out. 15-20 minutes 23
Experiment 2 – Fair GameParticipants in teams will–complete two activities to determine if a game is fair . 15 20 minutesActivity 1: Rock, Paper ScissorsExplain how to play Rock Paper Scissors to any participants that may beunsure how to play. The participants will be in groups of 3 or 4 for thisactivity. Prior to starting the activity, the participants will determinewho is player A, B, C and D. Each participant will have a role and specificdirections for the activity: o Participant A : gets a point if all players show the same sign (i.e. 3 rocks, 3 papers, 3 scissors). o Participant B: gets a point if only two players show the same signs. o Participant C: gets a point if all players show different signs. o Participant D: is the recorder.Participants will play the game about 25 times following the above rules.The Recorder will tally the scores on the chart. 24
DISCUS S ION:1. Is this game fair? Why?2. Which player would you rather be?3. How could the game be made more fair? 25
Experiment 2 – Fair Game 15 – 20 minutesActivity 2: Even or Odd?The participants will be in groups of three for this activity. Prior tostarting the activity the participants will determine who is player A,B and C. Each player will have a roll and specific directions for theactivity:• Participant A scores a point if the sum is even.• Participant B scores a point if the sum is odd.• Participant C is the recorder.They will roll the dice 20 times, alternating who throws the dice.The recorder will tally the scores on the chart. 26
DISCUS S ION:1. Is this game fair? Why?2. If it is not fair, how can you make it more fair?Play the game a second time with the players changing positions. Compare the results with the first game. 27
RESO ARY UR CL IBR ES 15-20 minutes Non-Fiction • Probability: Probability Pistachio – E 519-2 Mur • It’s Probably Penny – E 519.2 Lee • Math Games for Middle School: Challenges and Skill Builders for Students at Every Level • J 510-712 Sal • Math Matters – J 510 Mat Fiction • Take a Chance by Sandra Byrd • Finding Home by Sandra Markle • Pigs at Odds by Sharon McGinley-Nally DVD • Bill Nye the Science Guy. Probability J519.2 Bil 29
Sample Science Program & ActivitiesResearch Teams–The Case of the Similar Substances Who ransacked the chef’s kitchen? Figure out what each substance is by performing tests to identify the substances. Substance Color Texture OdorStep #1: #1 White granular, Clean,Observation gritty sweet #2 White Powdery, No smell? fine grains 30
Experiment! Substance What happened when mixed with water?#1 Dissolves, white liquid but no particles in water#2 Does not dissolve, thick-white-cloudy Substance What happened when mixed with vinegar? #1 Fizzles, bubbles, then dissolves #2 Does not dissolve, cloudy 31
Step #2: Check the Physical PropertiesWhen mixed with water. Sugar Dissolves; liquid is clear Baking Soda Dissolves; liquid is clear Cornstarch Does not dissolve; liquid is milky When mixed with vinegar. Sugar Dissolves Baking Dissolves; makes fizzing & bubbling sounds Soda Cornstarch Does not dissolve; liquid is cloudy 32
Who ransacked the chef’s kitchen?What is substance #1? – from the caterer’s house Baking SodaWhat is substance #2? – from the banquet hall owner’s house CornstarchWhat were the substances that the police found in the ransacked kitchen? Flour and baking sodaWho ransacked the chef’s kitchen? The caterer! 33
Activity Centers: Free Choice!Sharpen your sleuthing skills by trying the activity centers.• Fingerprinting• Match the shoe casts• You’re the Detective – Observational Skills• Handwriting Analysis• Math Code• Book Code• Book Browsing 34
Book Talks Database Demo Audio Science Online Video Books Types of Chemical Reactions 35
Mystery Snack & Media ViewingRead the “clues”– ingredients— • Bill Nye the Enriched flour Science Guy: Vegetable oil Forensic Science Skim milk cheese Milk Salt Paprika YeastWhat is the mystery snack? 36
Program Evaluation Invite participants to evaluate the program. Post large sheets of paper on wall with sentence starters I learned … My favorite was … I think the library … Or utilize a paper form 37
More Sample Programs and Activities Your QuestionsContact Us:Heather.Ketron@loudoun.govMaureen.Smith@loudoun.gov 38